The purpose of this course is to enable students to develop and use grade-level developmental writing and language skills in a variety of writing formats for argumentative, informative, and literary analysis purposes.
In grades 6-8, analysis and writing are the primary foci. Rhetoric is introduced in 6th grade. In this grade band, students go from explaining theme to analyzing it. Students progress from examining character perspective to working with complex narrator types. Students are also being introduced to literature from historic time periods. This framework should help students in building a body of knowledge useful in being able to interpret multiple layers of meaning.
English Language Arts is not a discrete set of skills, but a rich discipline with meaningful, significant content, the knowledge of which helps all students actively and fully participate in our society. Standards should not stand alone as a separate focus for instruction, but should be combined purposefully.
The content should include, but not be limited to, the following:
- active reading of exemplar writing models to examine
- text craft and structure
- development of stated or implied theme(s) throughout a literary text
- analyze the central idea(s), implied or explicit, and its development throughout a text
- explain how figurative language contributes to tone and meaning in text(s)
- identify rhetorical appeals in a text (logos, pathos, ethos)
- paraphrase content from grade-level texts
- compare and contrast how authors from different time periods address the same or related topics
- writing for varied purposes, including
- write personal or fictional narratives using narrative techniques, precise words and phrases, and figurative language
- write and support a claim using logical reasoning, relevant evidence, elaboration, and a logical organizational structure
- write expository texts to explain and/or analyze information from multiple sources
- improve writing by planning, revising, and editing, considering feedback from adults and peers
- follow the rules of standard English grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling appropriate to grade level
- using appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations
Important Note: Reading and writing courses should not be used in place of English language arts courses; reading and writing courses are intended to be used to supplement further study in English language arts.
English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:
Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in the content area of Language Arts. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success. The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL’s need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link: https://cpalmsmediaprod.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/docs/standards/eld/la.pdf.