Music - Grade 1   (#5013070)

Version for Academic Year:

Course Standards

General Course Information and Notes

Version Description

First-grade students in music class explore their world through listening, singing, moving, playing instruments, and creating to stimulate the imagination and lead to innovation and creative risk-taking. As they develop basic skills, techniques, and processes in music, they strengthen their music and extra-music vocabulary and music literacy, as well as their ability to remember, focus on, process, and sequence information. As students sing, play, move, and create together, they develop the foundation for important skills such as teamwork, acceptance, respect, and responsibility that will help students be successful in the 21st century.

General Notes

All instruction related to Music benchmarks should be framed by the Big Ideas and Enduring Understandings. Non-Music benchmarks listed in this course are also required and should be fully integrated in support of arts instruction.

Special Note: This class may include opportunities to participate in extra rehearsals and performances beyond the school day.

English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:
Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success. The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL’s need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link:

General Information

Course Number: 5013070
Course Path:
Abbreviated Title: MUSIC - GRADE 1
Course Length: Year (Y)
Course Status: Course Approved
Grade Level(s): 1

Educator Certifications

One of these educator certification options is required to teach this course.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this course.

Educational Software / Tool

Number Line Arithmetic (Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide):

This virtual manipulative can be used to picture whole number operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, carried out on a number line.

Type: Educational Software / Tool

Problem-Solving Tasks

Finding a Chair:

These problems explicitly describe one-to-one correspondences without using comparison language. Such problems are easier for students to solve than problems that use comparison language such as "How many more?" or "How many fewer."

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Daisies in vases:

This instructional task asks students to consider all the decompositions of a number into two addends. Because first grade students may have trouble reading this task even thought they are intellectual capable of working on this problem, it will help if the teacher reads the prompt to the students and then has them work together in pairs or small groups.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Boys and Girls, Variation 2:

This task represents the Put Together/Take Apart with both addends unknown context for addition and subtraction. Once a student finds one correct answer, he/she can be encouraged to find another. Ask the student to use objects, pictures, or equations to represent each answer.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Boys and Girls, Variation 1:

Students may use either addition or subtraction to solve these types of word problems, with addition related to the action of putting together and subtraction related to the action of taking apart. Depending on how students think about these word problems, either is appropriate for the "addend unknown" problems. Seeing it both ways emphasizes the relationship between addition and subtraction.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

At the Park:

This task includes three different problem types using the "Add To" context with a discrete quantity.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Maria’s Marbles:

Students benefit from encountering one problem type limited to small numbers and to develop strategies for that type of problem before encountering mixed sets of problems and larger numbers that distract the student from the problem itself. Over time they will be able to distinguish between types of problems in mixed sets and apply the appropriate strategy to solve each.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The Pet Snake:

The purpose of this task is for students to gain a better understanding of measurements with the example being the growth of a pet snake.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

School Supplies:

This task could be used for either instructional or assessment purposes, depending on where students are in their understanding of addition and how the teacher supports them. The solution shown is very terse; students' solution strategies are likely to be much more varied.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Sharing Markers:

These task types represent the Take From contexts for addition and subtraction. This task includes the three different problem types using the Take From context: result unknown, change unknown, and start unknown. Students need experience and practice with all three types.

Type: Problem-Solving Task


Exercising gorillas:

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, a word problem is solved with unit cubes, as well as with a missing addend addition equation and a subtraction equation.

Type: Tutorial

Monkeys for a party:

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore place value relationships with tens and ones within 20.

Type: Tutorial

Result Unknown - Subtraction Word Problem Within 10:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to solve a result unknown word problems: 10 - 2 = ?.

Type: Tutorial

Virtual Manipulatives

Rabbit Takeaway:

This interactive Flash applet helps children understand the "take away" model of subtraction. Users choose starting numbers from within 10 or 20. A group of rabbits appears and the user is asked how many will remain if a certain number run away. Mousing over a clue button dims the number of runaways. After selecting the correct remainder, the rabbits run away, and the applet displays the number model and the word sentence that represent the problem. [Available for iPad and iPhone in the iTunes AppStore.]

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Number Line Bars:

A versatile tool that can be used to illustrate the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this course.