Identify the organs in the human body and describe their functions, including the skin, brain, heart, lungs, stomach, liver, intestines, pancreas, muscles and skeleton, reproductive organs, kidneys, bladder, and sensory organs.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Organization and Development of Living Organisms -

A. All plants and animals, including humans, are alike in some ways and different in others.

B. All plants and animals, including humans, have internal parts and external structures that function to keep them alive and help them grow and reproduce.

C. Humans can better understand the natural world through careful observation.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Muscles and skeleton are not organs in the human body and should be referred to as the muscular and skeletal systems and the function of the muscles and skeleton. Integrate HE.5.C.1.6.Explain how human body parts and organs work together in healthy body systems, including the endocrine and reproductive systems. Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0 (human body systems are not assessed through this benchmark).


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify organs in the human body and/or describe their functions.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will not assess human body systems.

    Items will not require specific knowledge of the parts of organs.

    Items referring to the intestines may assess the small intestines and/or the large intestines.

    Items will not require the memorization of the names of muscles or bones.

    Items referring to muscles will only assess the function of muscles as a group.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    Diagrams of the reproductive organs will not be used.
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.L.14.1, SC.K.L.14.3, and SC.2.L.14.1.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Organs in the human body carry out different functions. Which human organ breaks down food into nutrients that can be used by the human body?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice