Big Idea 14: Organization and Development of Living Organisms

A. All plants and animals, including humans, are alike in some ways and different in others.

B. All plants and animals, including humans, have internal parts and external structures that function to keep them alive and help them grow and reproduce.

C. Humans can better understand the natural world through careful observation.

General Information
Number: SC.5.L.14
Title: Organization and Development of Living Organisms
Type: Big Idea
Subject: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Life Science

Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Independent

SC.5.L.14.In.1
Distinguish major external and internal body parts, including skin, brain, heart, lungs, stomach, muscles and skeleton, reproductive organs, and sensory organs.
SC.5.L.14.In.2
Identify functions of plant and animal structures; for example, plant stem transports food to leaves, and heart pumps blood to parts of the body.

Supported

SC.5.L.14.Su.1
Identify major external and internal body parts, including skin, brain, heart, lungs, stomach, and sensory organs.
SC.5.L.14.Su.2
Recognize the functions of the major parts of plants and animals.

Participatory

SC.5.L.14.Pa.1
Recognize body parts related to movement and the five senses.
SC.5.L.14.Pa.2
Observe plants and animals and recognize how they are alike in the way they look.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Educational Game

Science Vocabulary Hangman:

This interactive game uses the traditional hangman premise with all questions and answers involving science vocabulary. There are general sets of science vocabulary to choose from, as well as specific topics. You can even choose vocabulary pertaining to 5th or 8th grade FCAT Science Tests!

Type: Educational Game

Image/Photograph

Animal Mouths:

This collection of images of six different animals illustrates the wide range of feeding strategies and physical structures that have grown out of the relationship between organisms and their food. The environment plays a dramatic role in shaping the evolutionary changes that organisms undergo, and for animals, food is one of the most important components of the environment.

Type: Image/Photograph

Lesson Plans

Science Salvage:

Students will investigate the relationship between an organ and its function focusing on the stomach, liver, small and large intestines, and pancreas. They will be given a budget when purchasing their items to make their organ prototypes (adding/subtracting decimals).

Type: Lesson Plan

Mechanical Hands:

In this STEM design challenge, students will build a working hand model to examine the function of the skeletal and muscular systems.

Type: Lesson Plan

Are you Inspiring?:

Have you ever wondered why we have lungs? What really controls our breathing? In this lesson, students will identify parts of the lungs and explain their functions. Students will also create a working model of the lungs.

Type: Lesson Plan

Name That Organ!:

Can you name that organ with one clue? What about two? Students will get the opportunity to research organs and create clue cards with at least four clues that will help others Name That Organ!

Type: Lesson Plan

The Three Main Sections of the Brain:

This lesson is an easy to follow guide to teaching students about the three main sections of the brain and some of their functions.

Type: Lesson Plan

“Beating On and On…”:

Have you ever wondered why we have a heart? What is the hearts function within our body? In this lesson students will identify the parts of the heart and its functions in conjunction with the circulatory system. Students will be exposed to an interactive diagram where the parts of the heart are displayed individually its functions are explained. Students will get hands-on by completing several pulse experiments with their own heartbeat.

Type: Lesson Plan

Work that Body- Human Organs MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. In this open-ended problem, students are presented with a variety of exercise machines, the best health feature of each machine, prices, and popularity (based on a local competitor's gym). Students must rank the exercise machines and describe their procedures for ranking. The durability of each machine feature is later added as a twist so that students can revise or test their original procedures.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Body Swatter:

Students work in cooperative groups to research and write questions for an active game designed to review the major organs of the systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, and excretory system).

Type: Lesson Plan

Frankenchicken:

It's ALIVE! Or is it? Engage students with a hands-on look at muscles, tissues, bones, bone marrow, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and connective tissue. It is an exciting way to hook students into learning the structures promoting a better understanding of how they work. It will be a lab students will refer back to and remember! The lab takes about 1 hour; however the research and presentations can take up to a week.

Type: Lesson Plan

Systems of the human body:

To understand that there are different systems within the body and that they work independently and together to form a functioning human body.

Type: Lesson Plan

Are We Like Robots?:

This lesson explores the similarities between how a human being moves/walks and how a robot moves. This allows students to see the human body as a system, i.e., from the perspective of an engineer. It shows how movement results from (i) decision making, i.e., deciding to walk and move, and (ii) implementing the decision by conveying the decision to the muscle (human) or motor (robot).

Type: Lesson Plan

Are We Like Robots?:

This lesson explores the similarities between how a human being moves/walks and how a robot moves. This allows students to see the human body as a system, i.e., from the perspective of an engineer. It shows how movement results from (i) decision making, i.e., deciding to walk and move, and (ii) implementing the decision by conveying the decision to the muscle (human) or motor (robot).

Type: Lesson Plan

Is My Epidermis Showing?:

Have you ever wondered why we have skin? What is the skins function for our body? In this lesson, students will identify the parts of the skin and its functions in conjunction with the integumentary system. Students will be exposed to an interactive diagram where the parts of the skin are displayed individually its functions are explained. Students will get hands-on by creating a 3-dimensional model of the skin and its parts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Kidney Filtering:

In this activity, students filter different substances through a plastic window screen, different sized hardware cloth and poultry netting. Their model shows how the thickness of a filter in the kidney is imperative in deciding what will be filtered out and what will stay within the blood stream.

Type: Lesson Plan

Making the Cut!:

The general manager (GM) of a National Football League (NFL) team has to decide which injured players to going to cut (remove) from the team and which players to keep. This is a very difficult decision for the GM to make. The GM cares about the players and this decision will end the football careers of those who are cut. This happens every season, so the GM wants a system that can be used to make this decision every year. Experts in the organs of the human body and their functions are needed to create this system.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Walk, Run, Jump:

In this activity, students participate in a series of timed relay races using their skeletal muscles. The students compare the movement of skeletal muscle and relate how engineers help astronauts exercise skeletal muscles in space.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Comparing Plants and Animals:

Identify the basic needs of living things,the ways living things protect, support and reproduce. Also compare and contrast how plants and animals meet their basic needs in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Your Heart is An Amazing Organ:

Learn to:

  • identify the heart as an important organ for life.
  • describe the features of the heart including the four chambers, pulmonary artery and veins, the aorta and the valves.
  • explain functions of the various parts of the heart.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Expert

Brain Structures and their Functions:

If you watch this video, your brain will be learning more about itself! Think about it.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Muscle Physiology:

Understanding human physiology will allow you to stand under your own power at the end of a long rowing trip.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Presentation/Slideshow

Review of the Human Body:

This review of the human body is a PowerPoint presentation made by 5th grade students. It includes the function of the following body parts: heart, brain, skeleton, vein, artery, stomach, small and large intestines, lungs, muscles, and skin. The presentation is narrated by the students who created it. A question is asked regarding a specific body part and then answered, including additional details about the organ.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Teaching Ideas

Dive Like a Dolphin-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

Students make predictions, then plan and conduct an investigation. They discuss whether their evidence is consistent with a proposed explanation and communicate the steps and results from their investigation.

Type: Teaching Idea

Design a Sea Lion-A SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

Students investigate sea lion adaptations and create a sketch that illustrates a sea lion's body parts and adaptations.

Type: Teaching Idea

Systems of The Human Body:

Through the use of an online interactive activity, children learn about the concept of separate components working together to build a body system. In addition, this lesson focuses on activities to help students learn that body systems work together to build the functioning human body. This lesson could be used in conjunction with instruction on the human body and/or systems.

Type: Teaching Idea

Animal Mouth Structures:

In this teaching idea, students gather evidence to understand features that enable animals to meet their needs. In particular, students examine images and videos of the mouth structures of different animals to help them understand how animals are adapted to obtain food in their environment.

Type: Teaching Idea

Create a Coral Polyp-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

Students will explore the structure, colonial lifestyle, and feeding strategy of a reef-building coral.

Type: Teaching Idea

Do You Have the Strength?:

In this activity, students squeeze a tennis ball to demonstrate the strength of the human heart. Working in teams, they think of ways to keep the heart beating if the natural mechanism were to fail. The goal of this activity is to get students to understand the strength and resilience of the heart.

Type: Teaching Idea

From the Inside Out-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the student will learn about fish anatomy as he or she builds a fish model.

Type: Teaching Idea

Human Organ Project:

In this project idea, students are tasked with defending a specific organ and its need to survive in the body. Students write to support their positions and prepare a presentation for the class.

Type: Teaching Idea

Scale Study-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the students will identify and describe three different types of fish scales.

Type: Teaching Idea

Understanding Kidney Disease:

Students will have an opportunity to explore how the scientific method can be used to understand kidney disease and how the kidneys and urinary system work in the human body.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resources

Your Amazing Brain:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This National Geographic article describes the amazing attributes of the human brain, comparing its features to everyday objects like a light bulb or a computer.

Type: Text Resource

Restoring a Sense of Touch:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This text explores the possibility of creating a prosthesis (artificial limb) that can feel things.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorial

Heart Pumping Blood:


This simple tutorial will give students an overview about the pumping of blood by the heart. This animation will help students understand how oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood moves in the different chambers of the heart.

Type: Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animations

The Skeletal System Rap Song:

Educational hip-hop video reviewing the human skeletal system.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Kids Health: How the Body Works:

This site has videos, articles, quizzes, and games for children to learn how the body and its systems work.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Virtual Manipulatives

See All You Can See:

This resource provides a collection of games based on identifying the parts of the eye and their functions, understanding the vision process, and learning about some of the protective eye wear associated with certain sports and daily activities.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

All Systems Are Go:

Test your knowledge of the digestive, respiratory, and other human body systems in this interactive game from Kinetic City. Race the clock to put Arnold's organs back into his body one system at a time.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorials

Comparing Plants and Animals:

Identify the basic needs of living things,the ways living things protect, support and reproduce. Also compare and contrast how plants and animals meet their basic needs in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Your Heart is An Amazing Organ:

Learn to:

  • identify the heart as an important organ for life.
  • describe the features of the heart including the four chambers, pulmonary artery and veins, the aorta and the valves.
  • explain functions of the various parts of the heart.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Heart Pumping Blood:


This simple tutorial will give students an overview about the pumping of blood by the heart. This animation will help students understand how oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood moves in the different chambers of the heart.

Type: Tutorial

Virtual Manipulative

See All You Can See:

This resource provides a collection of games based on identifying the parts of the eye and their functions, understanding the vision process, and learning about some of the protective eye wear associated with certain sports and daily activities.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Video/Audio/Animation

Kids Health: How the Body Works:

This site has videos, articles, quizzes, and games for children to learn how the body and its systems work.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation