SC.2.L.16.1

Observe and describe major stages in the life cycles of plants and animals, including beans and butterflies.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 2
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Heredity and Reproduction -

A. Offspring of plants and animals are similar to, but not exactly like, their parents or each other.

B. Life cycles vary among organisms, but reproduction is a major stage in the life cycle of all organisms.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020030: Science - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7720030: Access Science Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.2.L.16.In.1: Observe and recognize the major stages in the life cycles of plants and animals.
SC.2.L.16.Su.1: Observe and recognize the sequence of stages in the life cycles of common animals.
SC.2.L.16.Pa.1: Recognize that offspring can be matched with their parents, such as a human baby with adult humans and a puppy with dogs.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Assessment

Butterfly Assessment:

This is an assessment idea to assess student's knowledge of the concepts taught in the aligned benchmark. The assessment should follow the in-depth teaching of this benchmark.

Type: Assessment

Educational Game

Animal Life Cycle Game:

Click on the different pictures (frog, bird or butterfly). Click and drag the different pictures to complete each life cycle.

Type: Educational Game

Image/Photograph

Frog life cycle:

This resource shows each stage in the life cycle of a frog. The life cycle of a frog includes the egg stage, tadpole stage, froglet stage, and adult frog stage. Tadpoles live in water and use gills to breathe. They develop lungs as they mature into frogs and live on land.

Type: Image/Photograph

Lesson Plans

Juvenile Tarpon Reading:

Students will learn about tarpon life cycles and the many different habitats and resources these fish need as they grow. They will create postcards as “tarpon” in different life stages, explaining what their life is like at that point in their life cycle.

Type: Lesson Plan

Tarpon Lesson Plan:

Students will learn how body shape and fin placements make tarpon efficient swimmers and leapers that are well adapted to their environments. They will complete exercises that help them understand the function of each fin, and they will create their own paper tarpon.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Perils of a Plant: Watering Can - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of life cycles from SC.2.L.16.1 (Observe and describe major stages in the life cycles of plants and animals, including beans and butterflies), the understanding that all living things have basic needs from SC.2.L.17.1 (Compare and contrast the basic needs that all living things, including humans, have for survival), a knowledge of habitats from SC.2.L.17.2 (Recognize and explain that living things are found all over Earth, but each is only able to live in habitats that meet its basic needs) and practice working with money (MAFS.2.MD.3.8 solve word problems involving dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies, using $ and ¢ symbols appropriately) as they build and experiment with containers to meet the water needs of bean plants in all stages of their life cycle. It is not intended as an initial introduction to these concepts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Tadpole Habitat - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This engineering design challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of life cycles from SC.2.L.16.1 (Observe and describe major stages in the life cycles of plants and animals, including beans and butterflies), the understanding that all living things have basic needs from SC.2.L.17.1 (Compare and contrast the basic needs that all living things, including humans, have for survival), build on their knowledge of habitats, and practice working with money as they build structures to meet the needs of a tadpole. It is not intended as an initial introduction to these concepts.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sprout Snacks:

This lesson integrates text features from reading into science with the study of plant parts. Students will listen to a story, watch a short video and design their ideal plant while being able to recognize the various parts of all plants.

Type: Lesson Plan

Insects Everywhere!:

This resource was completed on a general lesson plan template, but also includes the 5E lesson model. The lesson allows for students to use Reading, Writing, Science and some Math skills. It is an interactive lesson that includes an outdoor exploration, if you do not have the ability of taking your students outdoors you can complete the lesson by having an ant farm in the classroom available for student observations (we have an ant habitat from Steve Spangler Science that includes space aged gel allowing students to get a close up look at the ants and their tunneling).

Type: Lesson Plan

How Does Your Garden Grow?:

This lesson is a fun way to introduce factors that influence the growth of living things. The students read The Garden by Arnold Lobel. Then the students plant seeds to discover what makes them grow.

Type: Lesson Plan

Hatching Chickens:

This lesson will help students understand the importance of carefully observing and caring for eggs and chickens in the classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Butterfly Life Cycle:

In this lesson, students will explore the life cycle of the butterfly through different centers and observation of a living butterfly going through its life cycle.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Plant Life Cycle (using lima beans):

In this lesson, students observe the life cycle of a lima bean.

Type: Lesson Plan

Changing Cicada:

To study how offspring are very much, but not exactly, like their parents in the context of the periodical cicadas.

Type: Lesson Plan

Exploring Plants:

Students will be introduced to the study of plants in this lesson. First they will sprout bean seeds on moistened paper towels, then make drawings and measurements of their growth. They will watch time-lapse videos that illustrate a plant's major growth stages. Another clip covers fruits and asks students to consider how their seeds are spread. They will gather seeds by walking outside with an old sock over one of their shoes, then plant their sock to observe the resulting plants.

Type: Lesson Plan

Life Cycles of Frogs, Dragonflies, and Butterflies:

This lesson can be used to extend students' understanding of the life cycles of organisms by comparing and contrasting them. Eric Carle's The Very Hungry Caterpillar will be read first, then students will watch a video that studies the developmental stages of frogs, dragonflies, and butterflies. Insect and frog life cycles will be compared to one another, then they will be compared to the stages of human development.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

How Does Your Garden Grow? The Life Cycle of Plants:

Come along as we explore how a plant grows and develops from a tiny seed into a mature adult plant. Learn what a seed needs to sprout and grow and what a plant needs to grow. This is an interactive tutorial that explores the major stages in the life cycle of a typical plant. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Circle of Life: Animals:

Join Peep, a baby chick, and explore the major life cycle stages an animal may go through during its life in this interactive tutorial.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Presentation/Slideshow

Where Do Butterflies Come From?:

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about the life cycle of a butterfly. It can be downloaded in PowerPoint, Impress, or Flash format. For struggling or non-readers, the book can be read to the in a variety of voices. All of the books on the Tar Heel Reader site can be used with the Intellikeys keyboard and a custom overlay, a touch screen, and/or 1-3 switches. The text and background colors can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Teaching Ideas

The Study of Life Cycles:

This teaching idea overviews a project by second grade students who studied life cycles of insects and created a book with illustrations about insects. Each entry contained descriptive information about the insects being studied- including habitat, life cycle, diet, behavior, predators, and interesting facts.

Type: Teaching Idea

Plant Life Cycle:

Students learn about the life cycle of plants by watching a time-lapse video, providing students with further evidence that all living things grow and change throughout the life cycle. There are also two optional video clips that show students how to set up a germination experiment, and how to collect seeds with socks and grow plants from them.

Type: Teaching Idea

Life Cycle of a Butterfly:

Students learn about the life cycle of a butterfly.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resource

Biology of Plants:

Younger students can learn about plant biology. Topics include characteristics of living things, germination and growth, the basic parts of plants, photosynthesis, reproduction, and ecological adaptations of plants. The information presented can also be ordered as a video.

Type: Text Resource

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

How Does Your Garden Grow? The Life Cycle of Plants:

Come along as we explore how a plant grows and develops from a tiny seed into a mature adult plant. Learn what a seed needs to sprout and grow and what a plant needs to grow. This is an interactive tutorial that explores the major stages in the life cycle of a typical plant. 

The Circle of Life: Animals:

Join Peep, a baby chick, and explore the major life cycle stages an animal may go through during its life in this interactive tutorial.  

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

How Does Your Garden Grow? The Life Cycle of Plants:

Come along as we explore how a plant grows and develops from a tiny seed into a mature adult plant. Learn what a seed needs to sprout and grow and what a plant needs to grow. This is an interactive tutorial that explores the major stages in the life cycle of a typical plant. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Circle of Life: Animals:

Join Peep, a baby chick, and explore the major life cycle stages an animal may go through during its life in this interactive tutorial.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Presentation/Slideshow

Where Do Butterflies Come From?:

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about the life cycle of a butterfly. It can be downloaded in PowerPoint, Impress, or Flash format. For struggling or non-readers, the book can be read to the in a variety of voices. All of the books on the Tar Heel Reader site can be used with the Intellikeys keyboard and a custom overlay, a touch screen, and/or 1-3 switches. The text and background colors can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Presentation/Slideshow

Where Do Butterflies Come From?:

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about the life cycle of a butterfly. It can be downloaded in PowerPoint, Impress, or Flash format. For struggling or non-readers, the book can be read to the in a variety of voices. All of the books on the Tar Heel Reader site can be used with the Intellikeys keyboard and a custom overlay, a touch screen, and/or 1-3 switches. The text and background colors can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow