Creative Writing 1   (#1009320)

Version for Academic Year:

Course Standards

General Course Information and Notes

Version Description

The purpose of this course is to enable students to develop and use grade 9-10 writing and language skills for creative expression in a variety of literary forms. Studying and modeling a variety of genres will be emphasized at this level of creative writing.

General Notes

The content should include, but not be limited to, the following:
  • examination of a variety of short literary collections, including poetry, which includes a variety of professional, peer, and/or teacher examples in order to examine
    • text craft and structure, including line length and placement
    • effects of figurative, denotative, and connotative language choice
    • power and impact of appropriate voice and/or tone
    • story structure, sentence structure, and grammatical choices
    • reciprocal nature of content and form in development of a personal style
  • writing for varied purposes and in varied genres, including
    • personal and dramatic narratives
    • various poetic forms
    • screenplays and multimedia productions
    • multi-genre and creative non-fiction selections
    • digital writing platforms
  • effective listening, speaking, and viewing strategies with emphasis on the use of evidence to support or refute a claim in multimedia presentations, class discussions, and extended text discussions
  • collaboration amongst peers, especially regarding peer reviews of multiple drafts
Important Note: Reading and writing courses should not be used in place of English language arts courses; reading and writing courses are intended to be used to supplement further study in English language arts.

Special Notes:

Instructional Practices: Teaching from well-written, grade-level instructional materials enhances students’ content area knowledge and also strengthens their ability to comprehend longer, complex reading passages on any topic for any purpose. Using the following instructional practices also helps student learning.
  1. Reading assignments from longer text passages, as well as shorter ones when text is extremely complex.
  2. Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
  3. Asking high-level, text-specific questions and requiring high-level, complex tasks and assignments.
  4. Requiring students to support answers with evidence from the text.
  5. Providing extensive text-based research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).
The College and Career Readiness (CCR) anchor standards and grade-specific standards are necessary complements—the former providing broad standards, the latter providing additional specificity—that together define the skills and understandings that all students must demonstrate at each grade level. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each succeeding year’s grade specific benchmarks, retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades, and work steadily toward meeting the more general expectations described by the CCR anchor standards.

General Information

Course Number: 1009320
Abbreviated Title: CREATIVE WRIT 1
Number of Credits: Half credit (.5)
Course Length: Semester (S)
Course Type: Elective Course
Course Level: 2
Course Status: Course Approved
Grade Level(s): 9,10,11,12

Educator Certifications

One of these educator certification options is required to teach this course.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this course.

Original Student Tutorials

Spice Up Your Writing -- Part One: Using Gerund Phrases as Subjects or Subject Complements:

Learn to distinguish between a gerund phrase that's used as a subject and one that's used as a subject complement. In this interactive tutorial, you'll also practice using gerund phrases as subjects or subject complements in sentences of your own.

This is Part One of a two-part series. Click HERE to launch "Part Two: Using Gerund Phrases as Objects" [coming soon].  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Poems of Spring -- Part Three: Comparing Themes Across Two Poems:

Compare and contrast how William Wordsworth established multiple themes within two of his poems: "Lines Written in Early Spring" and "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud."

This interactive tutorial is part 3 of 3. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Poems of Spring -- Part Two: Determining Multiple Themes of a Poem:

Continue to analyze William Wordsworth's poem "Lines Written in Early Spring" to determine multiple themes and craft thematic statements. 

This interactive tutorial is part 2 of 3. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Poems of Spring -- Part One: Identifying Multiple Topics in a Poem:

Study William Wordsworth's poem "Lines Written in Early Spring" to identify multiple topics and, in the next tutorial, to determine themes and craft thematic statements. 

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 3. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

All About the Past: Exploring Verb Tenses -- Part Two :

Learn how to use verbs and verb phrases to convey specific meanings through the use of specific verb tenses: past perfect tense and past perfect progressive tense. 

This interactive tutorial is Part Two in a two-part series. You should complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

All About the Past: Exploring Verb Tenses -- Part One:

Learn how to use verbs and verb phrases to convey specific meanings through the use of specific verb tenses: simple past tense and past progressive tense. 

This interactive tutorial is Part One in a two-part series. In Part Two, you'll explore the use of past perfect tense and past perfect progressive tense. Make sure to complete both parts!

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Time for Leisure: Part Two:

Study "Leisure," a poem by Amy Lowell, to determine a theme of the poem and craft a thematic statement. At the end of this interactive tutorial, you'll use what you've learned throughout this two-part series to compare and contrast a theme in "Leisure" by Amy Lowell and a theme in "Leisure" by W. H. Davies and how these themes are developed.

Make sure to complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Time for Leisure: Part One:

Learn to determine a theme of a poem, craft a thematic statement, and write a summary of the poem "Leisure" by W. H. Davies.  

This interactive tutorial is Part One of a two-part series. In Part Two, you'll study "Leisure" by Amy Lowell to determine a theme of the poem and craft a thematic statement. By the end of this series, you will compare and contrast a theme in each poem and how these themes are developed. 

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

All about the Future: Exploring Verb Tenses:

Learn how to use verb phrases in particular tenses to convey specific meanings. In this interactive tutorial, you'll explore the use of four verb tenses: simple future, future progressive, future perfect, and future perfect progressive. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Using Verbs and Verb Phrases to Convey Specific Meanings -- Part Two:

Learn to enhance your writing with verbs and verb phrases in different tenses to convey specific meaning. In Part Two, you'll work with three perfect tenses--present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect.  

We recommend that you complete Part One before starting Part Two. In Part One, you'll work with three simple tenses: past, present, and future. Click HERE to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

All about the Present: Exploring Verb Tenses:

Learn how verbs and verb phrases can convey specific meanings through the use of three verb tenses--simple present, present progressive, and present perfect--in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Character Reborn in The Count of Monte Cristo -- Part Three:

As you continue to study a chapter from The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, you'll continue to examine how the main character, Edmond Dantès, is reborn from a prisoner into a newly freed man. In Part Three of this three-part series, you should be able to explain how Dantès’ overall transformation by the end of the chapter takes the plot in a new direction.

You should complete Part One and Part Two before beginning Part Three.

  • Click HERE to launch Part One.
  • Click HERE to launch Part Two. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Character Reborn in The Count of Monte Cristo -- Part Two:

As you continue to study a chapter from The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, you'll continue to examine how the main character, Edmond Dantès, is reborn from a prisoner into a newly freed man. In Part Two of this three-part series, you'll continue to identify Dantès' key character traits or strengths and examine how Dantès begins to transform as he works to secure his freedom.

Make sure to complete all three parts!

  • Click HERE to launch Part One.
  • Click HERE to launch Part Three. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Character Reborn in The Count of Monte Cristo -- Part One:

Study a chapter from one of the most popular adventure stories of all time: The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas. In Part One of this three-part series, you'll identify key character traits or strengths of Edmond Dantès and determine how he draws on these strengths as he struggles to survive and avoid recapture.

Make sure to complete all three parts!

  • Click HERE to launch Part Two. 
  • Click HERE to launch Part Three. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Using Verbs and Verb Phrases to Convey Specific Meanings -- Part One:

Learn to enhance your writing with verbs and verb phrases in different tenses to convey specific meaning. In Part One, you'll work with past tense, present tense, and future tense.

We recommend that you complete Part Two after Part One. In Part Two, you'll work with three tenses: present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect. Click HERE to view Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Absolute Phrases:

Learn to enhance your writing by using phrases. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn about absolute phrases and how they can add interest, depth, and variety to your writing!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Adverb Prepositional Phrases:

Learn to enhance your writing by using phrases. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn about adverb prepositional phrases. Using adverb prepositional phrases will help add interest, depth, and variety to your writing!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Phrases that Function Like Adjectives:

Learn to enhance your writing with two types of phrases that can function like adjectives in a sentence: the participle phrase and the prepositional phrase. In this interactive tutorial, you'll discover how phrases can help add detail and specificity to your writing.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Balancing Sentences: Using Parallel Form:

Learn about parallel form in this interactive English Language Arts tutorial. In this tutorial, you'll use parallel form with lists in sentences, identify sentences that contain parallel form and sentences that contain faulty parallelism, and practice editing sentences that contain faulty parallelism. You'll also examine how parallel form can add smoothness, clarity, and gracefulness to your writing. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Prepositional Phrases:

Learn to enhance your writing by using prepositional phrases. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn how prepositional phrases add description and specificity and help make your writing more interesting.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Noun Phrases:

Learn to enhance your writing by using noun phrases in this interactive tutorial. Although noun phrases can be used in many ways, here you'll learn how they can be used as the subject of a sentence or the object of a verb to add interest, detail, and specificity to your writing.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How a Theme Is Developed in Short Poetry: Part Three:

Explore the poetry of Edna St. Vincent Millay in this tutorial series. This tutorial is Part Three of a three-part series. In Part Three, you’ll study her poem "Recuerdo." You'll identify the topic of the poem, determine a theme of the poem, and explain how the theme is developed through specific words and phrases.

You're encouraged to complete the previous tutorials in this series before beginning Part Three.

Click HERE to launch Part One. 

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How a Theme Is Developed in Short Poetry: Part Two:

Explore the poetry of Edna St. Vincent Millay in this tutorial series. This tutorial is Part Two of a three-part series. In Part Two, you’ll study her short poem "Second Fig." You'll identify the topic of the poem, determine a theme of the poem, and explain how the theme is developed through specific words and phrases.

Make sure to complete all three parts!

Click HERE to launch Part One.

Click HERE to launch Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How a Theme Is Developed in Short Poetry: Part One:

Explore three short poems by the famous American poet Edna St. Vincent Millay and practice determining a theme for each poem in this three-part, interactive tutorial series. In Part One, you’ll identify the topic of the short poem “First Fig.” Then, you’ll select words and phrases from the poem that address the topic of the poem. Finally, you’ll determine a theme in the short poem. By the end of this series, you should be able to explain how a theme is developed and supported by specific words and phrases throughout a short poem. 

Make sure to complete all three tutorials in this series! 

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Click HERE to launch Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Vocabulary Unleashed:

Learn 12 new academic vocabulary terms in this interactive tutorial! You'll practice the words' synonyms, antonyms, parts of speech, and context clues in order to add them to your vocabulary.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring Comma Usage:

Learn to use commas correctly to set off an introductory clause, phrase, or word at the start of a sentence with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Be Careful with Your Commas!:

Learn to use commas correctly with this interactive, English Language Arts tutorial. You'll review a number of important comma rules, including when not to use a comma, and you'll learn to identify errors in comma usage. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Mysterious Punctuation Marks—Part Two: Quotation Marks and the Dash:

Learn about two mysterious punctuation marks—quotation marks and the dash. As you complete this interactive tutorial, you'll learn a number of important rules and guidelines to help you correctly use them.

This is Part Two of a two-part series. Click HERE to launch Part One to learn about the apostrophe and ellipsis.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Mysterious Punctuation Marks -- Part One:

Learn about four mysterious punctuation marks in this two-part interactive tutorial. In Part One, you'll learn important rules and guidelines to help you correctly use the apostrophe and the ellipsis. 

In Part Two, you'll learn to correctly use quotation marks and the dash. Make sure to complete both parts! Click HERE to open Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Year-Round School Debate: Identifying Faulty Reasoning — Part Two:

Practice identifying faulty reasoning in this two-part, interactive, English Language Arts tutorial. You'll learn what some experts say about year-round schools, what research has been conducted about their effectiveness, and how arguments can be made for and against year-round education. Then, you'll read a speech in favor of year-round schools and identify faulty reasoning within the argument, specifically the use of hasty generalizations. 

Make sure to complete Part One before Part Two! Click HERE to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Year-Round School Debate: Identifying Faulty Reasoning – Part One:

Learn to identify faulty reasoning in this two-part interactive English Language Arts tutorial. You'll learn what some experts say about year-round schools, what research has been conducted about their effectiveness, and how arguments can be made for and against year-round education. Then, you'll read a speech in favor of year-round schools and identify faulty reasoning within the argument, specifically the use of hasty generalizations. 

Make sure to complete both parts of this series! Click HERE to open Part Two. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Our Mothers’ Gardens: An Account in Two Mediums:

Learn about author Alice Walker and the influence and legacy of her mother, Minnie Lou Tallulah Grant. In this interactive English Language Arts tutorial, you’ll read excerpts from “In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens,” an essay written by Alice Walker. You’ll also watch a video titled “A Black Writer in the South,” which highlights important aspects of Alice Walker’s childhood. You'll also analyze various accounts of a subject, in this case, the influence and legacy of Alice Walker’s mother, as told through two different mediums: text and video.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

From Myth to Short Story: Drawing on Source Material – Part Two:

Examine the topics of transformation and perfection as you read excerpts from the “Myth of Pygmalion” by Ovid and the short story “The Birthmark” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. By the end of this two-part, interactive tutorial series, you should be able to explain how the short story draws on and transforms source material from the original myth. 

This tutorial is the second in a two-part series. Click HERE to launch Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

From Myth to Short Story: Drawing on Source Material – Part One:

Examine the topics of transformation and perfection as you read excerpts from the “Myth of Pygmalion” by Ovid and the short story “The Birthmark” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. By the end of this two-part, interactive tutorial series, you should be able to explain how the short story draws on and transforms source material from the original myth.  

This tutorial is the first in a two-part series. Click HERE to launch Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Comma Check: Putting Your Punctuation in Order:

Learn three rules for using commas correctly in your writing through use of this interactive, English Language Arts tutorial. You'll learn how to join two independent clauses without creating a comma splice, how to identify and offset a nonessential clause in a sentence, and how to use the controversial Oxford comma. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Light and Darkness in Two Artistic Mediums:

Study the poem “We Grow Accustomed to the Dark” by Emily Dickinson and view the painting The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh to explain how each medium represents the subjects of light and darkness similarly and differently, as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Rhetoric and Point of View in "The Solitude of Self":

Examine excerpts from a powerful speech regarding women, equality, and individuality in this interactive English Language Arts tutorial. You'll study excerpts from "The Solitude of Self” by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and examine how her choice of words, descriptions, and observations help reveal point of view. You'll also analyze how rhetoric, specifically the use of logos and pathos, can help advance an author's point of view.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Evaluating an Argument – Part Four: JFK’s Inaugural Address:

Examine President John F. Kennedy's inaugural address in this interactive tutorial. You will examine Kennedy's argument, main claim, smaller claims, reasons, and evidence.

In Part Four, you'll use what you've learned throughout this series to evaluate Kennedy's overall argument.

Make sure to complete the previous parts of this series before beginning Part 4.

  • Click HERE to launch Part One.
  • Click HERE to launch Part Two.
  • Click HERE to launch Part Three.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Evaluating an Argument – Part Three: JFK’s Inaugural Address:

Examine President John F. Kennedy's inaugural address in this interactive tutorial. You will examine Kennedy's argument, main claim, smaller claims, reasons, and evidence. By the end of this four-part series, you should be able to evaluate his overall argument. 

In Part Three, you will read more of Kennedy's speech and identify a smaller claim in this section of his speech. You will also evaluate this smaller claim's relevancy to the main claim and evaluate Kennedy's reasons and evidence. 

Make sure to complete all four parts of this series!

  • Click HERE to launch Part One.
  • Click HERE to launch Part Two.
  • Click HERE to launch Part Four.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Check it Out: Using Colons Correctly:

Learn about the ways to correctly use a colon in a sentence by exploring this interactive tutorial! We'll go over contexts where colon use is appropriate, and you'll learn guidelines for colon usage. You'll also learn several important rules for capitalization usage after a colon. By the end, you should be apply to apply these rules to correctly use a colon within a sentence. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Doppelganger Danger: Confusing Pronouns:

Avoid "doppelganger danger" by using this interactive tutorial! In this tutorial, you'll examine some commonly confused pronouns. These pronouns have their own doppelgangers, which often trick people into believing that they have the same meaning, when in fact, their meanings can be very different. This tutorial will guide you out of doppelganger danger so that you will be able to distinguish the appropriate pronoun from its tricky double!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Doppelganger Danger: Words Commonly Confused:

Avoid "doppelganger danger" as you examine six pairs of commonly confused words in this interactive tutorial. Learning how to correctly use these commonly confused words will help you avoid some of the most common spelling mistakes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Piece It Together: Understanding Semicolon Usage:

Learn three rules for semicolon usage in this interactive tutorial. We'll go over several contexts where semicolon use is appropriate, and you'll learn the guidelines for its usage. By the end, you should be able to apply these three rules to correctly use a semicolon within a sentence.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Doppelganger Danger: Commonly Confused Words:

Avoid "doppelganger danger" as you examine six pairs of commonly confused words. Learning how to correctly use these commonly confused words will help you avoid some of the most common spelling mistakes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Complex Usage: Which Word Will Win?:

Examine five pairs of commonly confused words in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial focuses on language and resolving issues of complex usage. You will examine pairs of words that are often confused in order to learn the correct use of each word. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to accurately use these ten commonly confused words. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Doppelganger Danger: Tricky Word Doubles:

Avoid "doppelganger danger" as you examine fourteen homophones, which are words that sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Learning how to use these homophones correctly in this interactive tutorial will help you avoid some of the most common spelling mistakes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Doppelganger Danger: Tricky Homophones:

Avoid "doppelganger danger" as you examine eleven homophones, which are words that sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Learning how to use these homophones correctly in this interactive tutorial will help you avoid some of the most common spelling mistakes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Doppelganger Danger: Words that Confuse:

Avoid "doppelganger danger" as you examine twelve homophones, which are words that sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Learning how to use these homophones correctly in this interactive tutorial will help you avoid some of the most common spelling mistakes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Adverb Clauses:

Learn about adverb clauses, a flavorful ingredient that can enhance your sentences. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn about adverb clauses and how these clauses can add interest, depth, and variety to your writing.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Adjective Clauses:

Learn about adjective clauses, a flavorful sentence ingredient that can enhance your sentences. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn about adjective clauses and how these clauses can add interest, depth, and variety to your writing.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Combining Independent and Dependent Clauses:

Learn to enhance your writing by combining clauses. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn how to combine independent and dependent clauses to add interest, depth, and variety to your writing. 

 

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Bermuda Triangle: Full of Mysterious Words! (Part Two):

Determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases in an informational text about the Bermuda Triangle in this three-part, interactive tutorial. In Part 2, you'll practice determining the meaning of unknown vocabulary using context clues and dictionary skills.

Click below to complete all three parts!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Bermuda Triangle: Full of Mysterious Words! (Part Three):

Determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases in an informational text about the Bermuda Triangle in this three-part, interactive tutorial. In Part 3, you'll practice determining the meaning of unknown vocabulary using context clues and dictionary skills.

Click below to complete the first two parts.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Bermuda Triangle: Full of Mysterious Words! (Part One):

Determine the meaning of unknown words and phrases in an informational text about the Bermuda Triangle in this three-part, interactive tutorial. In Part 1, you'll practice determining the meaning of unknown vocabulary using context clues and dictionary skills.

Click below to complete all three parts!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Participle Phrases:

Learn to enhance your writing by using phrases. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn all about participle phrases. Using participle phrases will help add interest, depth, and variety to your writing!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Ready for Takeoff! -- Part Two:

Want to learn about Amelia Earhart, one of the most famous female aviators of all time? If so, then this interactive tutorial is for YOU! This tutorial is Part Two of a two-part series. In this series, you will study a speech by Amelia Earhart. You will practice identifying the purpose of her speech and practice identifying her use of rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, pathos, Kairos). You will also evaluate the effectiveness of Earhart's rhetorical choices based on the purpose of her speech.

Please complete Part One before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Ready for Takeoff! -- Part One:

Want to learn about Amelia Earhart, one of the most famous female aviators of all time? If so, then this interactive tutorial is for YOU! This tutorial is Part One of a two-part series. In this series, you will study a speech by Amelia Earhart. You will practice identifying the purpose of her speech and practice identifying her use of rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, pathos, Kairos). You will also evaluate the effectiveness of Earhart's rhetorical choices based on the purpose of her speech.  

Please complete Part Two after completing this tutorial. Click HERE to view Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Word Choices in Poe's "The Raven" -- Part Two:

Practice analyzing word choices in "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe in this interactive tutorial. In this tutorial, you will examine word meanings, examine subtle differences between words with similar meanings, and think about emotions connected to specific words. You will also analyze the impact of specific word choices on the meaning of the poem. This tutorial is Part Two of a two-part series on Poe's "The Raven."

Part One should be completed before beginning Part Two. Click HERE to open Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Word Choices in Poe's "The Raven" -- Part One:

Practice analyzing word choices in "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe in this interactive tutorial. In this tutorial, you will examine word meanings, examine subtle differences between words with similar meanings, and think about emotions connected to specific words. You will also analyze the impact of specific word choices on the meaning of the poem.

This tutorial is Part One of a two-part series on Poe's "The Raven." Click HERE to open Part Two.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Great We: Analyzing Word Choice and Tone, Part 2:

Practice using textual details and connotative meanings to help you determine a narrator's tone in this two-part, interactive tutorial. This tutorial series features excerpts from Ayn Rand's dystopian novella, Anthem.

Make sure to complete Part One before you begin Part Two. Click HERE to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Poem in 2 Voices: Jekyll and Hyde:

Learn how to create a Poem in 2 Voices in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial is Part Three of a three-part series. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a Poem in 2 Voices using evidence drawn from a literary text: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson.

You should complete Part One and Part Two of this series before beginning Part Three. Click HERE to launch Part One. Click HERE to launch Part Two. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Playing with Words: Changing Word Forms:

Learn how to turn words into other words in this interactive tutorial. You'll learn tips for transforming nouns into verbs, verbs into adjectives, adjectives into adverbs, and much more!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Vocabulary Mastery :

Acquire new vocabulary through this interactive tutorial. You'll learn definitions for 15 new words, as well as their parts of speech, their synonyms and antonyms, and you'll practice using them in context.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Expository Writing: Eyes in the Sky (Part 3 of 4):

Learn how to write an introduction for an expository essay in this interactive tutorial. This tutorial is the third part of a four-part series. In previous tutorials in this series, students analyzed an informational text and video about scientists using drones to explore glaciers in Peru. Students also determined the central idea and key details of the text and wrote an effective summary. In part three, you'll learn how to write an introduction for an expository essay about the scientists' research. 

This tutorial is part 1 of a four-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Unraveling the Seams: How Authors Unfold Events - Part Two:

Learn how to analyze how the text structure, order of events, and relationships between events build throughout a text to create meaning in this interactive tutorial that features a chapter from Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. This tutorial is part two of a two-part series.

Part One should be completed before Part Two. Click to view Part One

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Unraveling the Seams: How Authors Unfold Events - Part One:

Learn how to analyze how the text structure, order of events, and relationships between events build throughout a text to create meaning in this interactive tutorial that features a chapter from Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.

This tutorial is part 1 of a 2-part series. Click HERE to open part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Great We: Analyzing Word Choice and Tone, Part One:

Practice using textual details and connotative meanings to help you determine a narrator's tone in this two-part, interactive tutorial. This tutorial series features excerpts from Ayn Rand's dystopian novella, Anthem. Part One should be completed before beginning Part Two. 

Click HERE to launch Part Two.

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Avoiding Plagiarism: It's Not Magic:

Learn ways to help you avoid plagiarism in this interactive tutorial. You will also learn how to follow a standard format for citation and how to format your research paper using MLA style. Along the way, you will also learn about master magician Harry Houdini. This tutorial is part two of a two-part series on research writing.

Part One should be completed before Part Two. Click to view Part One.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Research Writing: It's Not Magic:

Learn about paraphrasing and use of direct quotes in this interactive tutorial about research writing. Along the way, you'll also learn about master magician Harry Houdini. This tutorial is part one of a two-part series.

Check out Avoiding Plaigiarism: It's Not Magic here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Careful Choices: Integrating Information and Selecting for Style:

Learn how language functions in different contexts, and you will learn how to make effective choices for meaning or style in your own writing. You will learn how to integrate information into an original text selectively in order to maintain the flow of ideas, avoid plagiarism, and follow a standard format for citations while integrating source texts. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to read a source text, select relevant information from that text, and selectively integrate that information into your own writing, while correctly citing your sources.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Planning Argument Writing: E-Waste (Part 1 of 4):

Learn how to create an outline to help you prepare to write an essay. You will read an informational text about technotrash, also called electronic waste or e-waste. Then, you will work on creating an outline that could help you write an argumentative essay about this topic. The outline will include a claim or thesis statement, main ideas, reasons, evidence, counterclaims, and rebuttals.  

This interactive tutorial is part 1 in a 4-part series about writing an essay. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

Part 1 - Planning Argument Writing: E-Waste

Part 2 - Introductions in Argument Writing: E-Waste

Part 3 - Body Paragraphs in Argument Writing: E-Waste

Part 4 - Conclusions in Argument Writing: E-Waste

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Vocabulary in Action:

Acquire new vocabulary through this interactive tutorial. You'll learn definitions for 15 new words, as well as their parts of speech, their synonyms and antonyms, and you'll practice using them in context. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Vocabulary Power:

Review strategies for acquiring new vocabulary and then learn fifteen new words in this interactive tutorial. You'll also practice using the words in a variety of ways to help you add them to your vocabulary.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Penning a Narrative:

Strengthen your narrative writing skills in this interactive tutorial. We’ll go over different points of view that a story can be told from, the different types of conflict that can be featured in a story, and two types of characterization--direct and indirect. Finally, we’ll go over the importance of creating and organizing a logical sequence of events in a story, and the importance of including well-chosen details to describe characters, settings, and events in order to engage and hook your reader.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Exploring and Gathering Vocabulary:

Learn several ways to gather knowledge about an unknown word in order to determine its meaning, ways that include context clues, word parts, and dictionary skills. Determining the meaning of unknown words will help you increase your understanding of texts that you read, and it will also help you use words more accurately in your own writing. The text passages used in this interactive tutorial provide vivid descriptions of Florida.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing Words and Phrases with the Gettysburg Address:

Review vocabulary strategies to use when you are unsure about the meaning of words in a text. We will also review the literary term tone. By the end of this tutorial you should be able to apply your skills to determine the meaning of unknown words in Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. You should also be able to analyze the words and phrases that Lincoln uses in order to determine his tone in the Gettysburg Address.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing President Wilson's War Message to Congress :

Learn how a speaker uses rhetoric to advance his purpose in this interactive tutorial. To achieve the final objective, you will learn how to determine a speaker’s purpose, identify different uses of rhetoric, and explain the impact of rhetoric on the speaker’s purpose. This tutorial will use excerpts from President Wilson's "War Message to Congress" from 1917. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Scout Learns Life Lessons: Analyzing How a Character Develops Themes:

Learn to define and identify several literary elements, including theme, topic, and plot summary, and explain the differences between them as you focus on Scout—one of the main characters from the novel To Kill a Mockingbird. In this interactive tutorial you'll also analyze how her words, thoughts, and actions develop important themes of the novel and use your skills to develop a theme statement.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Figure it Out! :

Explore types of figurative language, specifically personification and hyperbole, in the prologue of the novel The Book Thief by Markus Zusak. In this interactive tutorial, you'll analyze the effect those figurative language elements have on the beginning of the story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Figurative Language and Its Role in Poetry:

Identify examples of figurative language, specifically simile, metaphor, and personification, within two poems: William Wordsworth’s “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” and William Shakespeare’s “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” With this interactive tutorial, you'll explore how each poet’s use of figurative language and word relationships contribute to a poem’s meaning.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Understanding and Using Context Clues with the Help of Patrick Henry:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text.

In this tutorial, you will be working with excerpts from Patrick Henry’s “Speech to the Virginia Convention.”  You should also be able to use dictionary entries to discover additional word meanings and confirm your predictions of what words mean. Finally, you should be able to examine a passage and use all of these strategies to determine the meanings of the words so that you can understand what Patrick Henry was trying to say to his fellow revolutionaries and statesmen.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

On Base with Semicolons and Colons:

Learn how to use semicolons and colons in this interactive, baseball-themed tutorial. You'll identify independent clauses, distinguish between conjunctive adverbs and coordinating conjunctions, organize a list of items using a semicolon, and introduce a list or quotation using a colon.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Literary Magic of Allusions and Archetypes:

Learn to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text, including common allusions and archetypes, with this interactive tutorial. You'll examine examples from the novel A Separate Peace and the story of Cain and Abel from the Bible.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Look at the Past: Women at Work-- Analyzing a Subject in Different Mediums:

Learn to analyze how a subject can be represented in a variety of different mediums, both visual, or artistic, and written, or literary. You will learn about some of the common composition features used in visual mediums, such as photographs or paintings. Then, you will learn how to analyze artistic and literary mediums by collecting evidence, making inferences, and using this information to determine the overall message. By the end of this tutorial, you should be able to distinguish compositional and literary features in three different artistic mediums including a poster, photograph, and excerpt from a novel. The mediums featured in this tutorial were created during the 1930s and 40s. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Get More of the Scoop: Analyzing Text and Video Accounts of a Subject:

Identify, compare, and contrast details about the Gettysburg Address that are emphasized in a text passage and in a video, as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing A Complex Character - Fahrenheit 451:

Analyze a complex character’s development in text excerpts from the novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury and explain how interactions with other characters influenced this development, in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Power of Words:

Learn how to understand the rhetorical techniques that speakers use to advance their point of view. First, we will explore and answer the questions: What is rhetoric? What is the rhetorical triangle? What are modes? Then, you will learn how to identify and analyze how speakers use rhetorical techniques. Finally, you will identify the point of view in a speech and then explain how it is advanced through the use of rhetoric. You will then practice these skills on several speech excerpts. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Analyzing the Effects of Text Structures in Ylla from the Martian Chronicles:

Examine the organizational patterns authors use in fictional works. These patterns are also known as text structures. You will also analyze excerpts from the story "Ylla", from The Martian Chronicles, to see how author Ray Bradbury uses these structures and other literary techniques to create certain effects, such as mystery, tension, and suspense.

First you will review common text structures. Next, you will learn how to recognize how an author's use of text structures creates certain effects in writing. Then, you will determine the choices author Ray Bradbury made in structuring portions of the text "Ylla" from The Martian Chronicles. Finally, you will analyze how these structural choices create dramatic effects in "Ylla" such as mystery, tension, or suspense.

Learn how to identify and examine common text structures and analyze how Bradbury successfully uses these structures in several excerpts from "Ylla" from The Martian Chronicles.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Building Mystery, Tension and Suspense:

Learn how to identify some of the key ways through which authors create mystery, suspense, and tension within a story.  Specifically, you’ll be able to define and explain how authors use the devices of exposition, foreshadowing, pacing, and the manipulation of time to create mystery, suspense, and tension within a story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Greek Monsters on Parade:

Learn to define the term theme and use some key literary elements such as characters, character traits, and plot to help you determine a theme. This interactive tutorial will also help you distinguish the difference between themes and topics in a work of literature and how to use topics in a story to help you determine themes. Then you'll work to determine a theme in a an excerpt from Book 12 of The Odyssey and then write a theme statement based on the evidence in the text.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Enhancing Your Sentences: Using Noun Clauses:

Learn about noun clauses, a flavorful ingredient that can enhance your sentences. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn about noun clauses and how these clauses can add interest, depth, and variety to your writing.

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Presentation/Slideshow

Grammar and Usage: Colons:

This web resource provides a mini-lesson defining and explaining proper colon use, a supportive PowerPoint, and an interactive quiz to assess understanding of colon usage.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Tutorials

Purdue OWL: MLA Format (Basics):

This video provided by the team at the Purdue Owl is a great way to be introduced to formatting a paper in Microsoft Word (including things like titles, headings, page margins, line spacing, etc.) using MLA format. The video will show you exactly how to format your paper using your computer, screenshots of Microsoft Word will leave no confusion on how to follow each step.

Type: Tutorial

OWL Purdue: MLA Works Cited:

Learn how to create a Works Cited page with this step-by-step guide. A short video walks you through all of the formatting and style choices you need to make for your next source-based paper. It specifically explains what information must be included for the following sources: books, articles, maps, newspapers, websites, and more.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar & Usage: Spelling:

In this tutorial, you will be given different strategies and spelling rules to help you improve your spelling skills. You will take seven separate quizzes to practice spelling frequently misspelled words and will get feedback on both correct and incorrect answers. (Four of the quizzes require a computer with a sound card or media player to hear each word as it is read.)

Type: Tutorial

Effective Writing: Style:

In this activity from the Online Tutorial for Effective Writing of Northern Illinois University, you will take a pre-test to identify weaknesses in familiarity with, and use of, MLA and APA styles as well as using a formal writing style. After reviewing the mini-lesson on the missed items, you will be presented with additional interactive quizzes for each style type. The arrows at the bottom of each mini-lesson will lead you to these quizzes for extra practice and support.

Type: Tutorial

Effective Writing: Organization :

This activity from the Online Tutorial for Effective Writing from Northern Illinois University provides you with a pre-test to identify any weaknesses in understanding how to organize and revise your writing. After reviewing the mini-lesson on the missed items, you will be presented with additional interactive quizzes for each error type. The arrows at the bottom of each mini-lesson will lead you to these quizzes for extra practice and support.

Type: Tutorial

Effective Writing: Punctuation:

This activity from the Online Tutorial for Effective Writing from Northern Illinois University provides you with a pre-test to identify any weaknesses in punctuation. After reviewing the mini-lesson on the missed items, you will be presented with additional interactive quizzes for each error type. The arrows at the bottom of each mini-lesson will lead you to these quizzes for extra practice and support.

Type: Tutorial

Effective Writing: Grammar:

This activity From the Online Tutorial for Effective Writing from Northern Illinois University provides you with a pre-test to identify any weaknesses in the most common grammatical errors. After reviewing the mini-lessons on the missed items, you will be presented with additional interactive quizzes for each error type. The arrows at the bottom of each mini-lesson will lead you to these quizzes for extra practice and support.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 5 Recognizing Run-Ons: Comma Splices and Fused Sentences:

This fun, interactive 20-question practice activity will give you practice in addressing two common types of run-on sentences: comma splices and fused sentences. In the activity, you will choose the correct way to fix the underlined problem in each sentence to correct the run-on sentence. Each question gives you immediate feedback on whether your answer was correct or not, complete with fun cyber prizes for correct answers.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 4 Recognizing Run-Ons: Comma Splices and Fused Sentences:

This fun, interactive 20-question practice activity will give you practice in addressing two common types of run-on sentences: comma splices and fused sentences. In the activity, you will choose the correct way to fix the underlined problem in each sentence to correct the run-on sentence. Each question gives you immediate feedback on whether your answer was correct or not, complete with fun cyber prizes for correct answers.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 1 Recognizing Run-Ons: Comma Splices and Fused Sentences:

This fun, interactive 20-question practice activity will give you practice in identifying two common types of run-on sentences: comma splices and fused sentences. Each question gives you immediate feedback on whether your answer was correct or not, complete with fun cyber prizes for correct answers. The resource also provides information that you can study before you take the quiz to help you understand what comma splices and fused sentences are. You can also review various strategies to make a sentence complete-- simply click the hyperlinked word "rules."

Type: Tutorial

An Antihero of One's Own :

In this very engaging animated video from TEDed, you will learn about antiheroes. Antiheroes can be hard to distinguish from typical heroes. However, through this video you will be able to identify what an antihero is and understand how these complex characters with often unclear motivations play such important roles in great literature.

Type: Tutorial

What Makes a Hero?:

A great way to understand literature from epic poetry to literary series is to understand what makes a hero. In this very engaging animated video from TEDed, you will learn about the hero cycle, a common literary trope that can been found in many works like Harry Potter, The Hunger Games and even The Odyssey!

Type: Tutorial

The Art of the Metaphor:

In this animated video from TEDed, you will learn about the power of metaphors in your reading and in your writing. The video explores questions like: "How do metaphors help us better understand the world?", as well as "What makes a good metaphor?"

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 1 Recognizing Parallel Structure:

This quick and easy quiz will give you practice in identifying correct and incorrect parallel structure. You will get feedback after every question and an explanation of why each example is correct or incorrect. The site also includes an explanation of the rules of parallel structure that you can refer to as you take the quiz.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 5 Recognizing Subject-Verb Agreement:

This fun, interactive 25-question activity will help you master subject-verb agreement. Each question gives you immediate feedback, located at the top of the screen, whether your answer was correct or not. Clear explanations of each correct answer are also provided.

Type: Tutorial

Slowing Down Time (in Writing and in Film):

In this animated video from TEDed, you will learn how to draw a parallel between film and writing in order to identify the principles of effective writing. You will then be able to improve your own writing using these skills.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar & Usage: Spelling Confusables:

This activity will provide you with two mini-lessons on commonly misspelled and confused words. Many of the words sound the same or similar, yet mean something entirely different. Therefore, in this lesson, you will also receive audio for certain words to illustrate their proper pronunciation. Afterwards, you can complete up to eight interactive quizzes to reinforce your understanding of these frequently confused words. After completing the first mini-lesson, click "Notorious-Part 2" at the bottom to complete the second lesson. Quizzes are available at the bottom of the page under the second mini-lesson.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar & Usage: Phrases:

This activity will provide you with a short mini-lesson on phrases. You will also receive a short review on the parts of speech and related quizzes for extra support. Then you can complete an interactive quiz to reinforce your understanding of phrases.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 3 Recognizing Parallel Structure :

This quick and easy quiz will give you practice in identifying correct and incorrect parallel structure. You will get feedback after every typed response. The site also includes an explanation of the rules of parallel structure that you can refer to as you take the quiz.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar & Usage: Parallel Forms:

This activity will provide you with a short mini-lesson on parallel form. You will also receive links to two examples of excellent parallel form usage. Then you can complete two interactive quizzes to reinforce your understanding of the correct use of parallel form.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 4 Recognizing Subject-Verb Agreement:

This fun, interactive 25-question activity will help you master subject-verb agreement. Each question gives you immediate feedback, located at the top of the screen, whether your answer was correct or not. Clear explanations of each correct answer are also provided.

Type: Tutorial

What is Verbal Irony?:

In this animated video from TEDed, you will learn how to detect subtle nuances in tone and situation. Once you master tone and situation, then you will be able to identify verbal irony and how it affects one's interpretation of a piece of literature.

Type: Tutorial

Shakespearean Dating Tips:

In this animated video from TEDed, you will learn about the modern day relevance of Shakespeare's plays. You will also be able to identify how the English language has changed over time.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 6 Recognizing Parallel Structure :

This quick and easy quiz will give you practice in identifying correct and incorrect parallel structure. You will get feedback after every typed response. The site also includes an explanation of the rules of parallel structure that you can refer to as you take the quiz.

Type: Tutorial

The Power of a Great Introduction:

In this animated video from TEDed, you will learn the process of writing a thesis and introduction in a clear and insightful manner. Looking at Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird and Charles Dickens' Great Expectations, you will identify the fundamentals of writing a great introduction by examining these masterpieces.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 2 Recognizing Parallel Structure :

This quick and easy quiz will give you practice in identifying correct and incorrect parallel structure. You will get feedback after every typed response. The site also includes an explanation of the rules of parallel structure that you can refer to as you take the quiz.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 1 Recognizing Subject-Verb Agreement :

This fun, interactive 25-question activity will help you master subject-verb agreement. Each question gives you immediate feedback, located at the top of the screen, whether your answer was correct or not. Clear explanations of each correct answer are also provided.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 2 Recognizing Subject-Verb Agreement :

This fun, interactive 25-question activity will help you master subject-verb agreement. Each question gives you immediate feedback, located at the top of the screen, whether your answer was correct or not. Clear explanations of each correct answer are also provided.

Type: Tutorial

MLA Format and Documentation:

In this tutorial you will learn how to use MLA format and documentation in your academic papers. You will be able to work at your own pace. Also, throughout the tutorial you will receive plenty of examples to model in your paper.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 3 Recognizing Subject-Verb Agreement :

This fun, interactive 25-question activity will help you master subject-verb agreement. Each question gives you immediate feedback, located at the top of the screen, whether your answer was correct or not. Clear explanations of each correct answer are also provided.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 4 Recognizing Parallel Structure:

This quick and easy quiz will give you practice in identifying correct and incorrect parallel structure. You will get feedback after every typed response. The site also includes an explanation of the rules of parallel structure that you can refer to as you take the quiz.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar Bytes! Exercise 5 Recognizing Parallel Structure :

This quick and easy quiz will give you practice in identifying correct and incorrect parallel structure. You will get feedback after every typed response. The site also includes an explanation of the rules of parallel structure that you can refer to as you take the quiz.

Type: Tutorial

Grammar & Usage: Semicolons:

This activity will provide you with a short mini-lesson on semicolons. You will also receive a supporting PowerPoint with additional information. Then you can complete up to three interactive quizzes to reinforce your understanding of semicolons. Following the lesson, click on "Quizzes on Punctuation Marks" at the bottom, and take quizzes #75, #76, and #77 from the list.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Clauses:

This is a guide to the composition and usage of clauses, including independent and dependent clauses. A PowerPoint and several practice quizzes are provided to help students with independent clauses and recognizing clause functions.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Principles of Composition:

This is a comprehensive guide that can help students with writing. This resource includes materials that will help students write in different formats, including personal essays, cause/effect papers, essays about literature, and research papers. There are materials that will help students with different aspects of the writing process, including how to develop an introduction or conclusion, how to write a thesis statement, and how to effectively use transitions.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Prepositions:

This is a comprehensive guide to the proper use of prepositions and prepositional phrases. Several interactive quizzes are provided.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Adjectives:

This is an online guide to adjective usage. It includes informational text about rules of adjective usage, a video from Schoolhouse Rock, and several interactive quizzes.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Adverbs:

This is a comprehensive guide to adverb usage. Detailed definitions, explanations, and examples are provided. It also provides links to two quizzes for students to individually practice their skills at using adverbs correctly. There is also a video from Schoolhouse Rock on adverbs.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Conjunctions:

This is a comprehensive guide to conjunctions and their usage. The resource also includes the engaging video "Conjunction Junction" from Schoolhouse Rock; it explains the various functions of conjunctions.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Nouns:

This is a comprehensive guide to the usage of nouns. Interactive quizzes are provided, as well as an engaging video from Schoolhouse Rock on the use of nouns.

Type: Tutorial

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Sentence Variety:

This guide explains how to vary sentence length and structure to add interest and expression to writing. It includes several online quizzes covering variety in modifier placement, variety in subject placement, and identifying sentence types. Quizzes include the correct answers with explanations.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this course.
Reading Literature
Standard Notes: These reading literature standards offer a focus for instruction each year and help ensure that students gain adequate exposure to a range of texts and tasks. Rigor is also infused through the requirement that students read increasingly complex texts through the grades. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

Reading Informational Text
Standard Notes: These reading informational text standards offer a focus for instruction each year and help ensure that students gain adequate exposure to a range of texts and tasks. Rigor is also infused through the requirement that students read increasingly complex texts through the grades.

Writing
Standards Notes: Each year in their writing, students should demonstrate increasing sophistication in all aspects of language use, from vocabulary and syntax to the development and organization of ideas, and they should address increasingly demanding content and sources. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each succeeding year’s grade-specific writing standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

Speaking and Listening
Standards Notes: The following speaking and listening standards offer a focus for instruction each year to help ensure that students gain adequate mastery of a range of communication skills and applications.

Language
Standards Notes: The following language standards offer a focus for instruction each year to help ensure that students gain adequate mastery of a range of language skills and applications. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each succeeding year’s grade-specific benchmarks and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades. The following standard may be addressed again in higher grades at a more rigorous level of study: LAFS.910.L.1.1a