Standard 2: Communicating Orally

General Information
Number: ELA.9.C.2
Title: Communicating Orally
Type: Standard
Subject: English Language Arts (B.E.S.T.)
Grade: 9
Strand: Communication

Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

Present information, with a logical organization and coherent focus, with credible evidence, creating a clear perspective, using the student’s mode of communication with guidance and support.

Related Resources

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Lesson Plans

Extemporaneous Speaking Practice: A Socratic Seminar:

In this lesson intended for the debate classroom, students will read through pivotal court cases in preparation for an Extemporaneous Speaking Socratic Seminar. Teachers will divide their class up into two groups. Each student in each group will get 10 minutes to prep individually after the question has been posted on the board. When prep time is over, the whole group debates using refutation, claim, warrant, data, impact format. They have 15 minutes for each student to make his/her argument.

Type: Lesson Plan

What Would You Say? Introducing an Extemporaneous Speech:

In this activity, students will apply what they know of Extemporaneous Speech in order to create a fluid introduction.  Using a foundational document and at least one other current event article, students will collaborate to prepare an introduction.

Type: Lesson Plan

Teaching Ideas

An Introduction to Lincoln-Douglas Debate & the Public Good:

This slideshow and accompanying notes introduce what Lincoln-Douglas debate is (a values/morals debate) and how it is conducted. Students will learn everything from timeframes to how “flow” works.

Type: Teaching Idea

High School Debate: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists:

Students will participate in a debate using the arguments of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. This could be a verbal, silent, or alley debate. One group will represent the Federalists and be given information relating to their arguments. The other group will act as the Anti-Federalists and be given information relating to their arguments. Provide students time to prepare their arguments either individually or as a team, then commence the debate.

Type: Teaching Idea

Lincoln-Douglas Cross Examination – Argue Like Your Life Depends on It!:

This is an activity that can be used as often as needed to review/reinforce how to use cross examination in debate. For the purposes of this lesson, we will stick with LD debate, but many of the tactics can be used in other formats like public forum. Also, this lesson focuses on the topic as if it is being introduced for the first time, so it should be modified for later uses.

Type: Teaching Idea

Source Analysis: Evolution of Political Media Communications:

In this resource intended for the debate classroom, students will research and analyze  digital political communications posted by politicians on multiple social media platforms to both discern the advantages and disadvantages of the use of each example and determine whether the examples represent the appropriate use or the abuse of the platform.

Students will then present oral arguments with verifiable support and evidence.

Type: Teaching Idea

Source Analysis: Presidential Views on U.S. Involvement in Vietnam:

In this activity intended for the debate classroom, students will access the Library of Congress and National Archives’ online resource portals to research and gather the unique perspectives of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford on America’s involvement in the Vietnam War.

Students will then present orally the comparative and contrasting political and philosophical viewpoints.

Type: Teaching Idea

The Great Mini Debate: American Ideas (High School):

Students will debate which foundational ideas found in American documents are most important in the Great Mini Debate. Students will use evidence from the Declaration of Independence, the Preamble and the Bill of Rights to support their arguments. The Great Mini Debate Cheat Sheet will prompt beginning debaters as to what should go in each speech of the debate.

Type: Teaching Idea

Student Resources

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Parent Resources

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