LAFS.K.L.1.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
  1. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.
  2. Recognize and name end punctuation.
  3. Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).
  4. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: K
Strand: Language Standards
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
5010041: Language Arts - Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
7710011: Access Language Arts - Kindergarten  (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.K.L.1.AP.2a: Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun “I.”
LAFS.K.L.1.AP.2b: Write a letter or letters for consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Be a Star Writer!:

Students will practice writing sentences about a small moment that occurred in class. They will stretch their words, sound the words out and count the number of words in their sentences. After they have practiced writing their sentences, they will use the Star Writers Checklist to monitor their own writing about a personal small moment.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sequential Story Tellers:

In this lesson, students will become story sequencers as they participate in whole group, partner, and independent activities. Students will recall major events from the story The Little Red Hen and help generate a class story to demonstrate their understanding of beginning, middle, and end before completing their summative assessment. At the end of the lesson students will become authors of their own narrative when they write a sequential story of a special event. They will use suggestions and revisions from their peers to create a final draft of their narrative that will be shared with the class.

Type: Lesson Plan

We Love Pets!:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best pet toys to buy for a pet daycare. Students will use criteria such as fun, exercise, cost, and durability to make their determinations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Crazy Pizza:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best unique pizza topping to add to a restaurant menu. Students will use criteria such as taste, cost, and nutrition to make their determinations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Pineville Playground:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best piece of playground equipment to add to the city playground. Students will use criteria such as safety, cost, degree of fun, and time to build to make their determinations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Mountain Bicycles Inc.:

In this open-ended MEA, students, in teams, will make decisions about how to select a new bicycle for a bicycle company to start selling. Their decisions will be based on various bicycle features (e.g., bell, helmet, customer ratings and color).

Type: Lesson Plan

Who Says Please and Thank You?:

In this lesson, students will recall information from a read aloud text and discuss what it means to demonstrate good manners. Activities include contributing to a good manners chart, composing a sentence frame demonstrating their understanding of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling, and playing a word game on a computer in which they can practice phonetic and sequential spelling of words. At the end of the lesson, students will create a Good Manners page for a class book, sharing a time when they have shown good manners.

Type: Lesson Plan

My Caterpillar Loves to Eat!:

In this lesson, students will listen to the teacher read aloud the well-loved book, The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle. Students will build momentum to brainstorm ideas and work collaboratively in small and large groups to create a class chart. The class chart will document the ideas of what caterpillars might eat. The chart can be used in student end product writing. The lesson will focus on using class-made resources to complete a sentence using punctuation, capitalization, finger spacing and inventive spelling.

Type: Lesson Plan

What’s So Great About Kevin Henkes?:

In this lesson students will serve as researchers of author/illustrator Kevin Henkes. With prompting and support from the teacher, students will read three books by Kevin Henkes. They will recall information from the text to contribute to the completion of a story elements graphic organizer and develop opinions about each book on their My Opinion Chart. At the end of the lesson students will be able to express their opinion orally, in writing, or in a drawing to inform others of their favorite Kevin Henkes books.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Capitalization Invasion:

Learn how to capitalize the first word in a sentence with this interactive tutorial. You will also be able to capitalize the pronoun “I” when used in a sentence.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Crazy Pizza:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best unique pizza topping to add to a restaurant menu. Students will use criteria such as taste, cost, and nutrition to make their determinations.

Mountain Bicycles Inc.:

In this open-ended MEA, students, in teams, will make decisions about how to select a new bicycle for a bicycle company to start selling. Their decisions will be based on various bicycle features (e.g., bell, helmet, customer ratings and color).

Pineville Playground:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best piece of playground equipment to add to the city playground. Students will use criteria such as safety, cost, degree of fun, and time to build to make their determinations.

We Love Pets!:

This MEA is designed on a Kindergarten grade level. Students will work in teams to determine the best pet toys to buy for a pet daycare. Students will use criteria such as fun, exercise, cost, and durability to make their determinations.

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

Capitalization Invasion:

Learn how to capitalize the first word in a sentence with this interactive tutorial. You will also be able to capitalize the pronoun “I” when used in a sentence.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Capitalization Invasion:

Learn how to capitalize the first word in a sentence with this interactive tutorial. You will also be able to capitalize the pronoun “I” when used in a sentence.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.