General Information
Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.
Test Item Specifications

Also assesses:
 Assessment Limits :
Functions represented algebraically are limited to linear, quadratic, or
exponential.Functions may be represented using tables, graphs or verbally.
Functions represented using these representations are not limited to
linear, quadratic or exponential.Functions may have closed domains.
Functions may be discontinuous.
Items may not require the student to use or know interval notation.
Key features include xintercepts, yintercepts; intervals where the
function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative
maximums and minimums; symmetries; and end behavior.  Calculator :
Neutral
 Clarification :
Students will determine and relate the key features of a function
within a realworld context by examining the function’s table.Students will determine and relate the key features of a function
within a realworld context by examining the function’s graph.Students will use a given verbal description of the relationship
between two quantities to label key features of a graph of a function
that model the relationship.Students will differentiate between different types of functions using
a variety of descriptors (e.g., graphically, verbally, numerically, and
algebraically).Students will compare and contrast properties of two functions using
a variety of function representations (e.g., algebraic, graphic, numeric
in tables, or verbal descriptions).  Stimulus Attributes :
For FIF.2.4, items should be set in a realworld context.For FIF.3.9, items may be set in a realworld or mathematical
context.Items may use verbal descriptions of functions.
Items must use function notation.
 Response Attributes :
For FIF.2.4, items may require the student to apply the basic
modeling cycle.Items may require the student to write intervals using inequalities.
Items may require the student to choose an appropriate level of
accuracy.Items may require the student to choose and interpret the scale in a
graph.Items may require the student to choose and interpret units.
MAFS.912.FIF.3.9
Sample Test Items (1)
 Test Item #: Sample Item 1
 Question:
Kim is driving from Miami to Key West. The graph shows her distance from Key West.
During what interval is Kim driving the fastest? Drag numbers to the boxes to complete the inequality.
 Difficulty: N/A
 Type: GRID: Graphic Response Item Display
Related Courses
Related Access Points
Related Resources
Assessments
Formative Assessments
Lesson Plans
Perspectives Video: Experts
Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast
ProblemSolving Tasks
Tutorial
Unit/Lesson Sequence
Virtual Manipulatives
STEM Lessons  Model Eliciting Activity
"To The Limit" MEA has students identify several factors that can affect a population’s growth. Students will examine photos to list limiting factors and discuss their impact on populations. As a group they will develop a solution to minimize the impact of pollution on fish population.
MFAS Formative Assessments
Students are asked to evaluate three verbal descriptions and to state why each does or does not match a given graph.
Students are asked to interpret key features of a graph (symmetry) in the context of a problem situation.
Students are given a table of functional values and asked to describe and interpret key features of the graph in the context of the problem.
Students are asked to interpret key features of a graph (intercepts and intervals over which the graph is increasing) in the context of a problem situation.
Student Resources
Perspectives Video: Expert
Jump to it and learn more about how quadratic equations are used in robot navigation problem solving!
Type: Perspectives Video: Expert
ProblemSolving Tasks
In this task, students use trigonometric functions to model the movement of a point around a wheel and, through space. Students also interpret features of graphs in terms of the given realworld context.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task is meant to be a straightforward assessment task of graph reading and interpreting skills. This task helps reinforce the idea that when a variable represents time, t = 0 is chosen as an arbitrary point in time and positive times are interpreted as times that happen after that.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task could be used for assessment or for practice. It allows students to compare characteristics of two quadratic functions that are each represented differently, one as the graph of a quadratic function and one written out algebraically. Specifically, students are asked to determine which function has the greatest maximum and the greatest nonnegative root.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task asks students to find the average, write an equation, find the domain, and create a graph of the cost of producing DVDs.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
In this task students are given graphs of quantities related to weather. The purpose of the task is to show that graphs are more than a collection of coordinate points; they can tell a story about the variables that are involved, and together they can paint a very complete picture of a situation, in this case the weather. Features in one graph, like maximum and minimum points, correspond to features in another graph. For example, on a rainy day, the solar radiation is very low, and the cumulative rainfall graph is increasing with a large slope.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This problem introduces a logistic growth model in the concrete settings of estimating the population of the U.S. The model gives a surprisingly accurate estimate and this should be contrasted with linear and exponential models.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task is for instructional purposes only and students should already be familiar with some specific examples of logistic growth functions. The goal of this task is to have students appreciate how different constants influence the shape of a graph.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task can be used as a quick assessment to see if students can make sense of a graph in the context of a real world situation. Students also have to pay attention to the scale on the vertical axis to find the correct match. The first and third graphs look very similar at first glance, but the function values are very different since the scales on the vertical axes are very different. The task could also be used to generate a group discussion on interpreting functions given by graphs.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
Students explore and manipulate expressions based on the following statement:
A function f defined for a < x < a is even if f(x)=f(x) and is odd if f(x)=f(x) when a < x < a. In this task we assume f is defined on such an interval, which might be the full real line (i.e., a=8).
Type: ProblemSolving Task
The primary purpose of this task is to lead students to a numerical and graphical understanding of the behavior of a rational function near a vertical asymptote, in terms of the expression defining the function.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
The purpose of this task is to give students practice constructing functions that represent a quantity of interest in a context, and then interpreting features of the function in the light of the context. It can be used as either an assessment or a teaching task.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
Virtual Manipulatives
In this activity, students adjust slider bars which adjust the coefficients and constants of a linear function and examine how their changes affect the graph. The equation of the line can be in slopeintercept form or standard form. This activity allows students to explore linear equations, slopes, and yintercepts and their visual representation on a graph. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.
Type: Virtual Manipulative
Allows students access to a Cartesian Coordinate System where linear equations can be graphed and details of the line and the slope can be observed.
Type: Virtual Manipulative
Using this virtual manipulative, students are able to graph a function and a set of ordered pairs on the same coordinate plane. The constants, coefficients, and exponents can be adjusted using slider bars, so the student can explore the affect on the graph as the function parameters are changed. Students can also examine the deviation of the data from the function. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.
Type: Virtual Manipulative
In this online tool, students input a function to create a graph where the constants, coefficients, and exponents can be adjusted by slider bars. This tool allows students to explore graphs of functions and how adjusting the numbers in the function affect the graph. Using tabs at the top of the page you can also access supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.
Type: Virtual Manipulative
Parent Resources
ProblemSolving Tasks
In this task, students use trigonometric functions to model the movement of a point around a wheel and, through space. Students also interpret features of graphs in terms of the given realworld context.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task is meant to be a straightforward assessment task of graph reading and interpreting skills. This task helps reinforce the idea that when a variable represents time, t = 0 is chosen as an arbitrary point in time and positive times are interpreted as times that happen after that.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task could be used for assessment or for practice. It allows students to compare characteristics of two quadratic functions that are each represented differently, one as the graph of a quadratic function and one written out algebraically. Specifically, students are asked to determine which function has the greatest maximum and the greatest nonnegative root.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task asks students to find the average, write an equation, find the domain, and create a graph of the cost of producing DVDs.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
In this task students are given graphs of quantities related to weather. The purpose of the task is to show that graphs are more than a collection of coordinate points; they can tell a story about the variables that are involved, and together they can paint a very complete picture of a situation, in this case the weather. Features in one graph, like maximum and minimum points, correspond to features in another graph. For example, on a rainy day, the solar radiation is very low, and the cumulative rainfall graph is increasing with a large slope.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This problem introduces a logistic growth model in the concrete settings of estimating the population of the U.S. The model gives a surprisingly accurate estimate and this should be contrasted with linear and exponential models.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task is for instructional purposes only and students should already be familiar with some specific examples of logistic growth functions. The goal of this task is to have students appreciate how different constants influence the shape of a graph.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
This task can be used as a quick assessment to see if students can make sense of a graph in the context of a real world situation. Students also have to pay attention to the scale on the vertical axis to find the correct match. The first and third graphs look very similar at first glance, but the function values are very different since the scales on the vertical axes are very different. The task could also be used to generate a group discussion on interpreting functions given by graphs.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
Students explore and manipulate expressions based on the following statement:
A function f defined for a < x < a is even if f(x)=f(x) and is odd if f(x)=f(x) when a < x < a. In this task we assume f is defined on such an interval, which might be the full real line (i.e., a=8).
Type: ProblemSolving Task
The primary purpose of this task is to lead students to a numerical and graphical understanding of the behavior of a rational function near a vertical asymptote, in terms of the expression defining the function.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
The purpose of this task is to give students practice constructing functions that represent a quantity of interest in a context, and then interpreting features of the function in the light of the context. It can be used as either an assessment or a teaching task.
Type: ProblemSolving Task
Virtual Manipulative
Allows students access to a Cartesian Coordinate System where linear equations can be graphed and details of the line and the slope can be observed.
Type: Virtual Manipulative