Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.
Fluency Expectations or Examples of Culminating Standards
Students fluently multiply and divide within 100. By the end of grade 3, they know all products of two one-digit numbers from memory.
Multiplication and division are new in grade 3, and meeting the multiplication and division fluency standard
3.OA.3.7 with understanding is a major portion of students’ work in grade 3.
Examples of Opportunities for In-Depth Focus
Finding single-digit products and related quotients is a required fluency for grade 3.
Reaching fluency will take much of the year for many students. These skills and the
understandings that support them are crucial; students will rely on them for years to come as they learn to multiply and divide with multidigit whole numbers and to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with fractions. After multiplication and division situations have been established, reasoning about patterns in products (e.g., products involving factors of 5 or 9) can help students remember particular products and quotients. Practice
— and if necessary, extra support — should continue all year for those who need it to attain fluency.
Subject Area: Mathematics
Domain-Subdomain: Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Cluster: Level 1: Recall
Cluster: Multiply and divide within 100. (Major Cluster)
Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/14
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Test Item Specifications
- Assessment Limits :
All values in items may not exceed whole number multiplication facts of 10 x 10
or the related division facts.
- Calculator :
- Context :