A. Plants and animals, including humans, interact with and depend upon each other and their environment to satisfy their basic needs.
B. Both human activities and natural events can have major impacts on the environment.
C. Energy flows from the sun through producers to consumers.
Remarks/ExamplesAnnually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.3.L.17.1, SC.4.L.16.2, SC.4.L.16.3, SC.4.L.17.1, SC.4.L.17.4, and SC.5.L.15.1.
TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS
This benchmark may be assessed using:
- Clarification :
Students will explain, compare, and/or contrast how adaptations displayed by animals or plants enable them to survive in different environments.
Students will describe or explain how animals and/or plants respond to changing seasons.
Students will distinguish plant or animal characteristics that are inherited from those that are affected by the environment.
Students will identify characteristics of animals that are inherited or distinguish inherited characteristics from those that are shaped by learning.
Students will compare the seasonal changes in Florida plants and/or animals to those in other regions of the country.
Students will identify ways in which plants and/or animals can impact the environment.
Students will describe how, when the environment changes, differences between organisms allow some plants and animals to survive and reproduce while others die or move to new locations.
- Content Limits :
Items referring to the adaptation of organisms to different environments may address but will not assess the different stages of the organism’s life cycle.
Items may require knowledge of how animals living in a particular environment are adapted to survive the seasonal changes in that environment.
Items will not assess renewable or nonrenewable resources.
- Stimulus Attributes :
The term characteristic should be used rather than the term trait.
- Response Attributes :
- Prior Knowledge :
Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.1.L.16.1, SC.2.L.17.1, and SC.2.L.17.2.
SC.3.L.17.1 Describe how animals and plants respond to changing seasons.
SC.4.L.16.2 Explain that although characteristics of plants and animals are inherited, some characteristics can be affected by the environment.
SC.4.L.16.3 Recognize that animal behaviors may be shaped by heredity and learning.
SC.4.L.17.1 Compare the seasonal changes in Florida plants and animals to those in other regions of the country.
SC.4.L.17.4 Recognize ways plants and animals, including humans, can impact the environment.
SC.5.L.15.1 Describe how, when the environment changes, differences between individuals allow some plants and animals to survive and reproduce while others die or move to new locations.
SAMPLE TEST ITEMS (1)
- Test Item #: Sample Item 1
- Question: Loggerhead sea turtles are large turtles that live in the ocean and nest on the Florida coast. The female loggerhead sea turtle lays more than 100 eggs in the beach sand. How is laying so many eggs an important adaptation that helps these turtles to survive?
- Difficulty: N/A
- Type: MC: Multiple Choice