Compare and contrast the major stages in the life cycles of Florida plants and animals, such as those that undergo incomplete and complete metamorphosis, and flowering and nonflowering seed-bearing plants.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 4
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Heredity and Reproduction - A. Offspring of plants and animals are similar to, but not exactly like, their parents or each other.

B. Life cycles vary among organisms, but reproduction is a major stage in the life cycle of all organisms.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0.


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify, compare, and/or contrast the major life cycles of Florida plants and/or animals.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will only assess the life cycles of plants and animals commonly found in Florida.

    Items assessing the life cycles of insects are limited to egg, larva, pupa, and adult (complete metamorphosis) or egg, nymph, and adult (incomplete metamorphosis).

    Items assessing the life cycles of flowering and nonflowering plants are limited to seed, seedling, and other stages of plant development.

    Items assessing the life cycles of animals are limited to egg, embryo, infant, adolescent, and adult stages.

    Items will not assess the major stages of the human life cycle.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    Plants and animals in scenarios and art must be common to Florida.
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.2.L.16.1.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: The life cycle of both butterflies and grasshoppers starts at the same stage. The pictures below show the life cycle of both organisms.

    Which of the following is the beginning stage of the life cycle for both the butterfly and the grasshopper?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice