## Course Standards

## General Course Information and Notes

### Version Description

This course offers students an opportunity to deepen science, mathematics, engineering, and technology skills. The primary content focus will be to expand knowledge of current grade level standards in mathematics and science by applying that content in a real world, hands-on situation involving engineering and technology. For fourth grade, themes will focus on the investigation of number sense, measurement, geometry, earth science, life science, and physical science concepts.

Students will participate in various hands-on STEM activities in this supplemental course to assist in the mastery of current grade level mathematics and science standards.

**Instructional Practices **

Teaching from a range of complex text is optimized when teachers in all subject areas implement the following strategies on a routine basis:

- Ensuring wide reading from complex text that varies in length.
- Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
- Emphasizing text-specific complex questions, and cognitively complex tasks, reinforce focus on the text and cultivate independence.
- Emphasizing students supporting answers based upon evidence from the text.
- Providing extensive research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).

**Science and Engineering Practices** (NRC *Framework for K-12 Science Education, 2010*)

- Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering).
- Developing and using models.
- Planning and carrying out investigations.
- Analyzing and interpreting data.
- Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking.
- Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering).
- Engaging in argument from evidence.
- Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.

**English Language Development (ELD) Standards Special Notes Section:**

Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English Language Learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in science and math. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success. The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL's need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link: https://cpalmsmediaprod.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/docs/standards/eld/sc.pdf.

For additional information on the development and implementation of the ELD standards, please contact the Bureau of Student Achievement through Language Acquisition at sala@fldoe.org.

### General Information

**Course Number:**5020110

**Course Path:**

**Abbreviated Title:**STEM LAB 4

**Course Length:**Year (Y)

**Course Attributes:**

- Class Size Core Required

**Course Status:**Course Approved

## Educator Certifications

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorials

Overcome the nightmare of quadrilateral classification based on the presence of parallel, perpendicular, and congruent sides as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about sales tax as Malik tries to buy his favorite candy from the store in this short video.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Decompose and compose various angles while exploring clocks and windows in this interactive tutorial.

Note: this tutorial exceeds clarification limits and is meant as enrichment for students to improve their problem-solving skills.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore how objects can be compared and sorted based on their physical properties in this fishing-themed, interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Practice distinguishing between observations and inferences that are based on observations as you help Darius fill in his science notebook in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to discriminate between observations and inferences in scientific investigations, explore the importance of objectivity in science, classify different scientific methods, and distinguish empirical evidence from ideas and feelings within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about equivalent 10ths and 100ths and how to calculate these equivalent fractions at the fair in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Are you up for a challenge? You will use tile designs to explore how angles can be decomposed into smaller angles and how those parts can be shown as addends in equations in this interactive tutorial.

Note: this tutorial exceeds clarification limits and is meant as enrichment for students who met the standards to increase problem-solving skills.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to convert a larger customary measurement unit into equivalent smaller units, including converting miles to yards and feet in this sports-themed interactive tutorial.

This is Part 2 of a two-part series. Click **HERE** to open Part 1: Measuring Length with Customary Units.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to convert a larger customary measurement unit into equivalent smaller units, including converting yards to feet and inches, in this sports-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover what a virus is, actions that cause viruses like the flu to spread from one person to another, and strategies to decrease the spread of viruses to others.

This interactive tutorial is part 2 in a two-part series. Click to open part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover what a virus is, actions that cause viruses like the flu to spread from one person to another, and strategies to decrease the spread of viruses to others.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 in a two-part series. Click to open part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn why it's sometimes important to use social distancing to reduce the spread of germs and how to estimate and convert this customary distance with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to locate decimals on a number line and compare decimals to save the Decis from a wizard's spell in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

In this video, SaM-1 introduces a part 2 twist to the Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) challenge. In the optional twist, students will need to design a prototype toy suitable for a Florida panther with an injured leg. This first video provides background information on why and how animals need to be entertained.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

In this video, SaM-1 introduces a Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) challenge for the students. This video provides background information on why and how animals need to be entertained. Students will have the opportunity to apply what they learned about physical properties and measuring linear lengths as they are asked to design a prototype toy for Florida panthers housed at the CPALMS Rehabilitation and Conservation Center.

In the optional twist, students will need to design a prototype toy suitable for a Florida panther with an injured leg. The optional twist also has a SaM-1 video to introduce the twist challenge.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about the natural resources all around us in this interactive science tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about important natural resources, including limestone, silicon, and phosphate in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Compare the methods and results various groups have when they search for amphibians in an ephemeral wetland in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about natural resources that humans use for energy in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to calculate the perimeter of rectangular and composite shapes to help April finish designing her dream home in this interactive tutorial.

This is the second in a three-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the Law of Conservation of Mass using your favorite building blocks in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to calculate perimeter and find a missing side measurement for a shape given the perimeter in this interactive tutorial.

This is the third in a three-part series about designing a dream house. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Join in coaching the local soccer team and learn about the motion of objects with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about mechanical energy, including its two forms--kinetic energy and potential energy--with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore electrical energy and electricity in this interactive tutorial about forms of energy.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

**Part 2: Heat Energy****Part 3: Sound Energy****Part 4: Electrical Energy**- Part 5: Mechanical Energy (Coming soon)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn about sound, one of the main types of energy, as you complete this interactive science tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

**Part 2: Heat Energy**- Part 3: Sound Energy
**Part 4: Electrical Energy**- Part 5: Mechanical Energy (Coming soon)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover what heat energy is and the role it plays on the Earth in this interactive tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

- Part 2: Heat Energy
**Part 3: Sound Energy****Part 4: Electrical Energy**- Part 5: Mechanical Energy (Coming soon)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Light is all around us and we need it to survive. In this interactive tutorial, learn about light energy and how it works!

This is the first tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

- Part 1: Light Energy
**Part 3: Sound Energy****Part 4: Electrical Energy**- Part 5: Mechanical Energy (Coming soon)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help April calculate area and missing measurements for items in her perfect dream home in this interactive tutorial.

This is the first in a three-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to create a line plot and analyze data in the line plot in this interactive tutorial. You will also see how to add and subtract using the line plot to solve problems based on the line plots.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Overcome the nightmare of quadrilateral classification based on the presence of parallel, perpendicular, and congruent sides as you complete this interactive tutorial. Learn about parallelogram, rectangles, rhombi and squares and how they are related.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help Rich escape Deci Land by learning how to write decimals that are related to fractions with denominators of 10 and 100 in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover the methods scientists use to solve problems, answer questions, and make discoveries in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help a surfing crab learn how to find parallel and perpendicular sides in a variety of polygons as you complete this interactive tutorial!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore food chains found in many Florida ecosystems as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to measure angles with a protractor to help get a robot through an obstacle course in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore energy flow in the environment through food chains as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the path energy takes from the Sun to producers to consumers.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Classify and name angles in two-dimensional shapes to help a robot create a path using angles in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to define, declare and initialize variables as you start the journey to "bee" a coder in this interactive tutorial. Variables are structures used by computer programs to store information. You'll use your math skills to represent a fraction as a decimal to be stored in a variable.

This is part 1 of a 4-part series on coding. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**Bee A Coder Part 2: Condition Statements****Bee A Coder Part 3: If Statements****Bee A Coder Part 4: Repeat Loops**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the life cycle of different Florida seed plants: the longleaf pine and the orange tree.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the life cycles of animals including simple, complete metamorphosis and incomplete metamorphosis in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Discover what an angle is by helping to program a robot through an obstacle course in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how electrical energy is produced from earth's natural resources. In this interactive tutorial, explore the process to power buildings and other electronic devices.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore different types of natural resources and analyze the aspects of non-renewable and renewable resources in this interactive tutorial. You'll be challenged to question what we do with our resources and why it is so important to consider what we do with them after we have used them.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Dig into the effects weathering and erosion have had on the shaping of our landscape. Sift through the rocks of our world and how weathering has cut and shaped them and how erosion has transported and molded the surfaces of the Earth.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the three categories of rocks and what makes each one unique.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Explore the characteristics of minerals in our rock formations and what makes them unique. In this interactive tutorial, you'll learn about simple tests that are used to identify minerals.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help the Symmetry Sisters save the City of Symmetry Line and the State of Arithmetic from the Radical Rat in this interactive tutorial!

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Identify right triangles and explain the properties shared by all right triangles in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Identify parallel lines and line segments, as well as perpendicular lines and line segments in two-dimensional figures by joining Parallel Man and Perpendicular Man as they help Mayor Mathematics save Mathopolis in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Identify some familiar changes in materials that result in other materials with different characteristics in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Educational Games

Test your fraction skills by answering questions on this site. This quiz asks you to simplify fractions, convert fractions to decimals and percentages, and answer algebra questions involving fractions. You can even choose difficulty level, question types, and time limit.

Type: Educational Game

This interactive Flash applet has students match fractions with their equivalent one- or two-place decimals. Students have a chance to correct errors until all matches are made.

Type: Educational Game

This game allows students an opportunity to identify different kinds of rocks based on an actual photograph of the rock as well as characteristics of the rock, which are also shown.

Type: Educational Game

## Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Physics is a weighty subject, but this discussion of magnets and illusion brings a little levity.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

## Problem-Solving Tasks

This activity provides students an opportunity to recognize these distinguishing features of the different types of triangles before the technical language has been introduced. For finding the lines of symmetry, cut-out models of the four triangles would be helpful so that the students can fold them to find the lines.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task provides students a chance to experiment with reflections of the plane and their impact on specific types of quadrilaterals. It is both interesting and important that these types of quadrilaterals can be distinguished by their lines of symmetry.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This is an instructional task that gives students a chance to reason about lines of symmetry and discover that a circle has an an infinite number of lines of symmetry. Even though the concept of an infinite number of lines is fairly abstract, students can understand infinity in an informal way.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to give students a problem involving an unknown quantity that has a clear visual representation. Students must understand that the four interior angles of a rectangle are all right angles and that right angles have a measure of 90° and that angle measure is additive.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to measure angles and decide whether the triangles are right or not. Students should already understand concepts of angle measurement and know how to measure angles using a protractor before working on this task.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is adding fractions with a focus on tenths and hundredths.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to finish the equations to make true statements. Parts (a) and (b) have the same solution, which emphasizes that the order in which we add doesn't matter (because addition is commutative), while parts (c) and (d) emphasize that the position of a digit in a decimal number is critical. The student must really think to encode the quantity in positional notation. In parts (e), (f), and (g), the base-ten units in 14 hundredths are bundled in different ways. In part (e), "hundredths" are thought of as units: 14 things = 10 things + 4 things. Part (h) addresses the notion of equivalence between hundredths and tenths.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Students may not articulate every detail, but the basic idea for a case like the one shown here is that when you have equivalent fractions, you have just cut the pieces that represent the fraction into more but smaller pieces. Explaining fraction equivalences at higher grades can be a bit more involved (e.g. 6/8=9/12), but it can always be framed as subdividing the same quantity in different ways.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to show they understand the connection between fraction and decimal notation by writing the same numbers both ways. Comparing and contrasting the two solutions shown below shows why decimal notation can be confusing. The first solution shows the briefest way to represent each number, and the second solution makes all the zeros explicit.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to help students gain a better understanding of fractions through the use of dimes and pennies.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

Each part of this task highlights a slightly different aspect of place value as it relates to decimal notation. More than simply being comfortable with decimal notation, the point is for students to be able to move fluidly between and among the different ways that a single value can be represented and to understand the relative size of the numbers in each place.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

This task is designed to help students focus on the whole that a fraction refers. It provides a context where there are two natural ways to view the coins. While the intent is to deepen a student's understanding of fractions, it does go outside the requirements of the standard.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is for students to solve multi-step problems in a context involving a concept that supports financial literacy, namely inflation. Inflation is a sustained increase in the average price level. In this task, students can see that if the price level increases and people’s incomes do not increase, they aren’t able to purchase as many goods and services; in other words, their purchasing power decreases.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of the task is for students to solve a multi-step multiplication problem in a context that involves area. In addition, the numbers were chosen to determine if students have a common misconception related to multiplication. Since addition is both commutative and associative, we can reorder or regroup addends any way we like. Students often believe the same is true for multiplication.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

When a division problem involving whole numbers does not result in a whole number quotient, it is important for students to be able to decide whether the context requires the result to be reported as a whole number with remainder (as with Part (b)) or a mixed number/decimal (as with Part (c)). Part (a) presents two variations on a context that require these two different responses to highlight the distinction between them.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Tutorials

This Khan Academy tutorial video illustrates the conversion equivalence of liters, milliliters, and kiloliters.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents examples and explanations for categorizations of perpendicular sides and right, obtuse, and acute triangles.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy tutorial video triangles are categorized by angles or side lengths of a specified size.

Type: Tutorial

The Khan Academy tutorial video presents a visual fraction model for adding 3/10 + 7/100 .

Type: Tutorial

in this tutorial, students will learn about central angles and arcs of a circle.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents the strategy for finding the measure of one of two adjacent angles, when the sum of both and measure of one are known.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video defines and illustrates parallel and perpendicular lines.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video identifies acute, right, and obtuse angles and justifies each identification.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video demonstrates the relationship between the measurement of an angle and the arc of a circle.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents how an angle is formed and labeled.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents a strategy for computing the amount of change to be received after making a purchase.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy tutorial video Chris is told to be home by 6:15. You know the number of minutes it takes him to get home. What time should he leave?

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents conventional examples that use specific customary units

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore the differences and similarities involved when converting between measurements in the metric and customary systems.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore converting between gallons, quarts, pints, cups, and fluid ounces.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore conversion within metric units of length, such as: kilometers, meters and centimeters.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore conversion of units of time between hours, minutes and seconds.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore U.S. customary units of fluid volume (teaspoon, tablespoon, fluid ounce, cup, pint, quart, and gallon).

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, explore pounds, ounces and tons.

Type: Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents a step-by-step solution for finding the length and width of a table when given its area and perimeter.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy tutorial video two decimals are compared using grid diagrams.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy video decimals are written and spoken in words.

Type: Tutorial

The Khan Academy video uses grid diagrams and number-line representations to say and write equivalent decimals and fractions.

Type: Tutorial

The Khan Academy video illustrates how to determine and write the decimal represented by shaded grids.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy video a fraction is converted from tenths to hundredths using grid diagrams.

Type: Tutorial

Find area of two rectangles to solve a word problem.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore the relationship between area and perimeter. For example, if you know the area and the length, can you find the perimeter?

Type: Tutorial

This video discusses the differences between lines, line segments and rays.

Type: Tutorial

This tutorial for student audiences will provide a basic introduction to decimals. The tutorial presents a decimal as another way to represent a fraction. Students will be able to navigate the teaching portion of the tutorial at their own pace and test their understanding after each step of the lesson with a "Try This" section. The "Try This" section will monitor students answers and self-check by a right answer gaining an orange circle and a wrong answer graying out. Some "Try This" sections will read the decimal to the students as well.

Type: Tutorial

## Video/Audio/Animations

This animation depicts key events of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission, which launched in late 2011 and landed a rover, Curiosity, on Mars in August 2012.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Watch a demonstration of an experiment which tests the effectiveness of two different insulators. The participants will demonstrate their thinking as they run an experiment, identify variables and collect data.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The students will watch a short video that shows them how sound is created and how it is interpreted by our brain.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

The students will watch a short video showing how different pitches are made.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

## Virtual Manipulatives

This activity allows the user to test his or her skill at calculating the perimeter of a random shape. The user is given a random shape and asked to enter a value for the perimeter. The applet then informs the user whether or not the value is correct. The user may continue trying until he or she gets the correct answer.

This activity would work well in mixed ability groups of two or three for about 25 minutes if you use the exploration questions, and 10-15 minutes otherwise.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Consider a wide range of possibilities when problem solving by experimenting with materials. Play around with objects and ideas to discover that there may be more than one solution. You will have an opportunity to explore with an assortment of objects to create a path for a ball to take.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Section:Grades PreK to 12 Education Courses >Grade Group:Grades PreK to 5 Education Courses >Subject:Science >SubSubject:General Sciences >