Create a model to explain the parts of the water cycle. Water can be a gas, a liquid, or a solid and can go back and forth from one state to another.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Big Idea: Earth Systems and Patterns - Humans continue to explore the interactions among water, air, and land. Air and water are in constant motion that results in changing conditions that can be observed over time.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.5.E.7.2.

Florida Standards Connections: MAFS.K12.MP.4: Model with mathematics.


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    Recognize that the ocean is an integral part of the water cycle and is connected to all of Earth’s water reservoirs via evaporation and precipitation processes.

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify and/or explain the parts of the water cycle.

    Students will identify the states of water associated with each part of the water cycle and/or explain the phase changes that occur as water moves from one part of the water cycle to another.

    Students will identify and/or describe the role of the ocean in the water cycle.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will not address or assess transpiration, infiltration, or percolation as processes of the water cycle.

    Items assessing the phases of water are limited to a water cycle context.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    Scenarios referring to the water cycle will not use the term reservoir.
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.2.E.7.1, SC.2.E.7.2, SC.2.E.7.3, and SC.2.P.8.4.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: A model of the water cycle was made using an aquarium with a glass cover, a container of ice cubes, water, and a lamp.

    Which part of the water cycle causes the water droplets to form on the glass cover?

  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice