# SC.4.P.10.1

Observe and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, and the energy of motion.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Forms of Energy -

A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science.

B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change.

Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

## Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020050: Science - Grade Four (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720050: Access Science Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
5020110: STEM Lab Grade 4 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

## Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.4.P.10.In.1: Identify forms of energy, such as light, heat, electrical, and energy of motion.
SC.4.P.10.Su.1: Recognize uses of different forms of energy, including electricity (computer, freezer); heat (camp fire, stove); and energy of motion (rollercoaster, pinball machine).
SC.4.P.10.Pa.1: Recognize a source of heat energy (fire, heater).

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Formative Assessment

Bounce Back Ball:

Students will be working in teams of four to measure the rebound heights of a tennis ball dropped from four different heights. Students will be investigating with the bouncing balls to measure changes in the type of energy they possess.

Type: Formative Assessment

## Lesson Plans

Friction: Friend or Foe?:

In this lesson, students will learn how different variables (mass, friction, and force) affect the motion of an object.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sound Vibrations Using the Engineering Design Process:

This lesson uses the engineering design process to guide students through the exploration of sound energy and pitch. The design challenge is to produce a low-pitch tone by using different containers and liquids. Students must also create a budget to purchase supplies.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lizard Lights:

Students will use a real-world problem solving situation to determine the best types of light bulbs to maintain an appropriate environment for a captive lizard.

Type: Lesson Plan

Energetic Energy: What Do You Know?:

Using cause and effect organizer students will identify the different types of energy-light, sound, heat, electrical, and motion, recognize the cause of these energies and the effects that they have. Students will also understand the concept of using an informational text to help them understand information about a science topic.

Type: Lesson Plan

Designing Windmills:

In this lesson, students engage in an engineering design contest to design and create a windmill that will lift a load.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Original Student Tutorials

Energy Part 5: Mechanical:

Learn about mechanical energy, including its two forms--kinetic energy and potential energy--with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Part 4: Electricity :

Explore electrical energy and electricity in this interactive tutorial about forms of energy.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Part 3: Sound:

Learn about sound, one of the main types of energy, as you complete this interactive science tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy: Part 2 Heat:

Discover what heat energy is and the role it plays on the Earth in this interactive tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Part 1: Light:

Light is all around us and we need it to survive.  In this interactive tutorial, learn about light energy and how it works!

This is the first tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Energy Storage:

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

## Resource Collection

Energy Kids:

This website provides information and resources for teachers seeking to make learning about energy fun and exciting for students. Renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy are well organized and supplemented with diagrams, maps, and graphs. Other sections include fun facts about energy, games & activities, history, and classroom activities. This resource was developed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Type: Resource Collection

## Teaching Ideas

Boing! Wind Me Up!:

This activity features a wind-up boat which uses the stored energy of a rubber band to motor around a bathtub or any other body of water you choose to use!

Type: Teaching Idea

Biomusic:

Students have an opportunity to identify a variety of sounds in the environment, discuss the sounds using appropriate terminology and identify whether they are a product of human production or the natural environment.

Type: Teaching Idea

Exploring Sound Length Makes A Difference:

In this elementary physics lab, students will begin to explore the relationship between the length of an object and the sound it produces as it vibrates, by using a wood or plastic ruler and the edge of a desk or table.

Type: Teaching Idea

Good Vibrations-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students investigate how sound travels through air, solids, and water, students will be able to explain why sound is an effective means of communication and navigation for whales.

Type: Teaching Idea

Jitterbug and Shake, Rattle and Vibrate:

As a result of this activity, students will be able to explain that various objects can be made to vibrate, producing different sounds.

Type: Teaching Idea

## Text Resource

Tower Of Power:

The article describes a new kind of solar energy which concentrates light waves from the sun.

Type: Text Resource

## Video/Audio/Animation

Sound:

The students will watch a short video that shows them how sound is created and how it is interpreted by our brain.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

## STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Lizard Lights:

Students will use a real-world problem solving situation to determine the best types of light bulbs to maintain an appropriate environment for a captive lizard.

## Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

Energy Part 1: Light:

Light is all around us and we need it to survive.  In this interactive tutorial, learn about light energy and how it works!

This is the first tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Energy Part 3: Sound:

Learn about sound, one of the main types of energy, as you complete this interactive science tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Energy Part 4: Electricity :

Explore electrical energy and electricity in this interactive tutorial about forms of energy.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Energy Part 5: Mechanical:

Learn about mechanical energy, including its two forms--kinetic energy and potential energy--with this interactive tutorial.

Energy: Part 2 Heat:

Discover what heat energy is and the role it plays on the Earth in this interactive tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Original Student Tutorials

Energy Part 5: Mechanical:

Learn about mechanical energy, including its two forms--kinetic energy and potential energy--with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Part 4: Electricity :

Explore electrical energy and electricity in this interactive tutorial about forms of energy.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Part 3: Sound:

Learn about sound, one of the main types of energy, as you complete this interactive science tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy: Part 2 Heat:

Discover what heat energy is and the role it plays on the Earth in this interactive tutorial.

This is the fourth tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Part 1: Light:

Light is all around us and we need it to survive.  In this interactive tutorial, learn about light energy and how it works!

This is the first tutorial in a five-part series. Click below to open the others in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Video/Audio/Animation

Sound:

The students will watch a short video that shows them how sound is created and how it is interpreted by our brain.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.