Identify the physical properties of common earth-forming minerals, including hardness, color, luster, cleavage, and streak color, and recognize the role of minerals in the formation of rocks.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 4
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Earth Structures - Humans continue to explore the composition and structure of the surface of Earth. External sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth’s water and natural resources.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.4.E.6.1.


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    Identify the three categories of rocks: igneous, (formed from molten rock); sedimentary (pieces of other rocks and fossilized organisms); and metamorphic (formed from heat and pressure).

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify and/or describe the physical properties of common minerals.

    Students will describe and/or explain the role of minerals in the formation of rocks.

    Students will identify the three categories of rocks and how they were formed.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will not assess the identification of a specific mineral based on its properties.

    Items addressing common minerals are limited to quartz, feldspar, mica, calcite, talc, pyrite, and graphite.

    Items will not require the identification of specific mineral composition of any type of rock.

    Items will not require knowledge of Moh’s hardness scale.

    Items will not assess the rock cycle.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.1.E.6.1, SC.2.E.6.1, SC.2.E.6.2, SC.2.E.6.3 SC.K.P.8.1, SC.1.P.8.1, and SC.2.P.8.1.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Dennis cannot scratch a mineral sample with his fingernail, but he observes that he can scratch the mineral sample with a piece of metal. What physical property of the mineral sample is Dennis investigating?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice