Recognize that learning can come from careful observation.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: K
Body of Knowledge: Nature of Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: The Practice of Science -

A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.

B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."

C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.

D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020010: Science - Grade K (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720015: Access Science Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023 (current), 2023 and beyond)
5020070: STEM Lab Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.K.N.1.In.2: Identify information about objects and actions in the natural world through observation.
SC.K.N.1.Su.2: Identify information about objects in the natural world through observation.
SC.K.N.1.Pa.2: Recognize common objects in the natural world through observation.
SC.K.N.1.Su.3: Observe, explore, and match pictures to real objects.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Gr. K Lesson 2-Everglades Animals :

Students will revisit the Everglades discussing the similarities and differences between some of the animals that were presented in lesson one. They will continue to color and build their Everglades class book. Students will draw and write the similarities and differences using a Comparing Everglades Animals worksheet. Everglades Animals is lesson 2 out of 3.

Type: Lesson Plan

Have You Ever Met a Tree?:

The students practice making observations of a specific tree and write about it as though they are a scientist.

Type: Lesson Plan

Nature Journaling:

This is a detailed lesson plan for introducing the importance of detail accuracy through nature journaling. Students will find a leaf, flower and insect to draw in their nature journals. From this lesson the students will conclude that it is important to pay attention to detail when observing and identifying objects in nature.

Type: Lesson Plan

Finding the One!!:

Students will sort and classify rocks by observable properties, such as size, shape, color and texture. (The properties of temperature and weight are not addressed in this lesson).

Type: Lesson Plan

Kindergarten Listening Walk:

Students will record what they hear on a nature walk. They will learn that sounds are all around us and that they are made by vibrations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Go Fish!:

This lesson will guide students in understanding how models can help us understand real-world objects. Students will learn about fish features, observe real fish, and create a model of a fish.

Type: Lesson Plan

Butterfly Life Cycle: Biography of a Caterpillar :

Students observe and write about the life cycle of a caterpillar. A K-W-L chart is utilized to begin discussion, as well as Eric Carle's The Very Hungry Caterpillar.

Type: Lesson Plan

Investigating Local Ecosystems:

This lesson provides students with opportunities to investigate the habitats of local plants and animals and explore some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other.

Type: Lesson Plan

Animal Diversity:

This lesson will motivate and guide student observations of animal and plant similarities, diversity, and appropriateness to live in different environments; to demonstrate that stories sometimes give plants and animals attributes that they don't really have.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Diversity and Evolution grades K-2:

This resource kit is designed to facilitate K-2 teachers in the development of a unit of instruction that is focused on diversity, adaptation, and classification of living things. Complete with background information for teachers as well as engaging activities and lessons for students, this kit contains exemplary materials includes recommendations for informational texts that align with standards for English language arts.

Type: Lesson Study Resource Kit

Professional Developments

Science Lessons - What skills do I teach?:

This resource offers basic information for some of the Nature of Science skills students need to learn and what they need to know about Life, Physical, and Earth and Space science in Kindergarten.

Type: Professional Development

Environmental Education for Kids:

Website explaining when and how to start environmental education for kids. There are practical suggestions for teachers to incorporate environmental education into their curriculum.

Type: Professional Development

Teaching Ideas

Where Plants and Animals Live:

This site features activity ideas on comparing plants and animals in different habitats. It also includes a virtual manipulative, black line masters for activity ideas, and a family newsletter to encourage family involvement.

Type: Teaching Idea

Animal Disguises-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, the students will be able to demonstrate how cryptic coloration helps ocean animals survive.

Type: Teaching Idea

Investigating Motion With Marbles:

In this guided inquiry activity, students will use 2 marbles of different size and a box to investigate what makes the marbles move and what will cause the marbles to change speed and direction.

Type: Teaching Idea

Thematic Observational Drawing Ideas for Primary Students:

This chart provides teachers with easy and practical items that can be used to for observational tables and observational drawing opportunities. Drawing requires the observer to focus on details such as shape, texture, line, and color. When students have time to study and then draw items in nature it increases their observational skills.

Type: Teaching Idea

Webcams: Animal Inquiry and Observation:

Observe animal habits and habitats using one of the many webcams broadcasting from zoos and aquariums around the United States and the world in this inquiry-based activity that focuses on observation logs, class discussion, questioning, and research.

Type: Teaching Idea

What Is a Bird?:

In this activity students will compare characteristics of birds with characteristics of animals from other classifications. They will list the characteristics that are unique to birds.

Type: Teaching Idea

What Is Water?:

The lesson introduces students to the properties of water and its presence in the environment.

Type: Teaching Idea

Unit/Lesson Sequences

Exploring the Five Senses:

This unit explores the five senses and their respective related body parts. It shows how observations of the natural world are made using our senses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence


These lessons explore the characteristics and behavior of ladybugs, and to create their own paper model of a ladybug.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Touching and Fair Tests with Pill Bugs and Earthworms:

This unit shows students how to humanely handle pill bugs ("roly polies") and earthworms while observing their characteristics. Students will explore the types of conditions that each bug prefers to live in (eg., wet or dry, dark or light).

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Comparing Plants, Animals, and Seeds:

These lessons compare and contrast plants versus animals and seeds versus plants in regards to both appearance and behavior/function.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Plants and Animals in Media:

These lessons show children how the media portrays plants and animals with characteristics that they do not truly possess in reality.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Vibrations Make Sound:

Students explore and discuss vibration and sound using a variety of common materials. Activities demonstrate connections between vibration, movement, sound, and waves using materials such as homemade drums, rubber bands, tuning forks, balloons, and water.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Physical Changes:

Two lessons provide students with opportunities to explore physical changes. Students manipulate paper and clay to demonstrate and discuss physical changes of matter.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Sorting Lessons:

In this sequence of lessons, students have opportunities to sort various objects by multiple properties including color, size, shape, temperature, texture, and weight.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Sun and Moon | Day and Night:

In this unit, students record observations of the day and night sky over weeks or a month. Discussions around the observations are intended to help students recognize the patterns in their observations. Literature connections are included.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Teaching Idea

Where Plants and Animals Live:

This site features activity ideas on comparing plants and animals in different habitats. It also includes a virtual manipulative, black line masters for activity ideas, and a family newsletter to encourage family involvement.

Type: Teaching Idea