Related Access Points
This cluster includes the following access points.
Write an introduction that introduces the writer’s claim within an argument.
Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s claim.
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence from credible sources.
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows the argument presented.
Distinguish claims presented orally or in writing that are supported by reasons and claims that are not.
Organize ideas, concepts and information (e.g., using definition, classification, comparison/contrast, cause/effect).
Provide an introduction that includes context/background information establishing a central idea or focus about a topic.
Develop the topic (add additional information related to the topic) with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples.
Include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables) and multimedia when useful to promote reading understanding.
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and summarizes the information presented.
Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters.
When appropriate use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.
Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.
Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events.
Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.
Use figurative language appropriately, including similes and metaphors.