Engage and orient the reader by setting out a problem, situation or observation and establishing one or multiple point(s) of view.
Produce a narrative that includes dialogue that advances the plot or theme (e.g., reveals character motivation, feelings, thoughts, how character has changed perspectives).
Include plot techniques and pacing (e.g., flashback, foreshadowing, suspense) as appropriate in writing.
Sequence events so that they build on one another to create a coherent whole.
Use precise words and phrases, telling details and sensory language to convey a vivid picture of the experiences, events, setting and/or characters.
Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on what is experienced, observed or resolved over the course of the narrative.