### Clarifications

*Clarification 1:*Instruction extends the development of algebraic thinking where the symbolic representation of the unknown uses a letter.

*Clarification 2:* Problems involving multiplication are limited to products of up to 3 digits by 2 digits. Problems involving division are limited to up to 4 digits divided by 1 digit.

*Clarification 3:* Responses include the appropriate units in word form.

**Subject Area:**Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)

**Grade:**4

**Strand:**Geometric Reasoning

**Date Adopted or Revised:**08/20

**Status:**State Board Approved

## Benchmark Instructional Guide

### Connecting Benchmarks/Horizontal Alignment

### Terms from the K-12 Glossary

- Perimeter

### Vertical Alignment

Previous Benchmarks

Next Benchmarks

### Purpose and Instructional Strategies

The purpose of this benchmark is for students to connect perimeter and area problems to algebraic concepts to find the measures of unknown side lengths. This new idea builds from solving area and perimeter problems with whole number side lengths when using models and formulas in grade 3 (MA.3.GR.2.3) and will form the foundation for problems involving fractional and decimal side lengths in grade 5 (MA.5.GR.2.1).- During instruction, students should use a letter (variable) to represent the missing side length and have experiences solving for unknowns in perimeter situations with a given area and vice-versa.
- Instruction includes having students use the fact that opposite sides in rectangles and squares are equal when solving problems involving area and perimeter.

### Common Misconceptions or Errors

- Students frequently confuse area and perimeter. Instruction should provide lots of opportunity for students to work with both measures on the same object and have them explain which measure is area and which is perimeter and why? Instruction should also focus on naming the units properly.

### Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction

- Instruction provides many opportunities for students to work with both measures on the same object and explain which measure is area and which is perimeter and why. Instruction should also focus on naming the units properly
- Instruction includes finding both the area and perimeter in real world examples and having students explain how they solved for both.
- For example, when provided with examples like the following, students use the measurements provided to create an equation to find area and perimeter and explain the difference. “A rectangular garden is being built at the school. The dimensions for the garden are 8 feet by 4 feet. Write and solve an equation to find the area of the garden and an equation to find the perimeter of the garden.”

- The teacher provides students with images created using square tiles. Student count and labels the side lengths based on the tiles, then write equations to show how they would find the area and how they would find the perimeter.
- For example: When provided with an image like the one shown below, students label each side length based on the number of tiles and write an equation for perimeter and then count the units around the outside of the figure to confirm their solution. Students multiply the length and width to find area and then count the number of squares that make up the figure to confirm their solution.

### Instructional Tasks

*Instructional Task 1* (MTR.7.1)

What is the area of the patio?

### Instructional Items

*Instructional Item 1 *

Which equation can be used to find the area of the soccer field?

- a. 75
*yards*+ 120*yards*=*A yards* - b. 75
*yards*+ 75*yards*+ 120 yards + 120*yards*=*A yards* - c. 75
*yards*× 120*yards*=*A square yards* - d. 75
*yards*× 120*yards*× 75*yards*× 120*yards*=*A square yards*

**The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.*

## Related Courses

## Related Access Points

## Related Resources

## Formative Assessments

## Lesson Plans

## Original Student Tutorials

## Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

## Problem-Solving Task

## Tutorials

## Video/Audio/Animations

## STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

This MEA asks fourth grade students to collaborate with their classmates to solve a problem. They have to use their previous knowledge of the area formula and apply it to a real world problem using a given data set. They will also be asked to reevaluate their solutions when additional data is added.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought processes. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEAs visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this Model Eliciting Activity, MEA, students will become architects to determine the best layout for a new cupcake shop coming to town. Students will use area and perimeter to assist in presenting the best layout of the store. The factors that the students will need to consider are: kitchen space, front counter space, a bathroom, and a wall to display and sell merchandise.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this MEA, students will work in collaborative groups to solve real-world, multi-step problems with whole numbers and decimals by using different mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and/or division. The students will be asked to assist a business/property owner in purchasing holiday lights for his property. They will need to read several ads and decide which product would be the best for the property. They will be provided with an office plan to calculate the perimeter of the building to then calculate how many holiday lights will need to be purchased and its total cost for each. They also need to take into consideration the owner's primary concerns. In the twist, the owner finds different holiday lights made from another material.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

Students are asked to plan a playground for a new park within a given budget and area limit. They will analyze the best use of playground equipment using a data table of area requirements and cost. Students will convert units within a single measurement system, calculate the area of a rectangle, and perform addition/subtraction calculations involving money using decimal notation.

The Park by the Bay is having its grand opening soon and your students are needed to help figure out what playground equipment to use. 4th grade students will look at a data set and make decisions as to how to rank the playground equipment. Also, students will practice their area and perimeter skills by calculating the area and perimeters for the different playground equipment.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this MEA, students decide which type of pioneer dwelling was the best to build if you were traveling west.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal studentsâ€™ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

In this Model Eliciting Activity (MEA), students are asked to help rank possible locations for a new park. They will need to perform certain calculations as part of the process, such as finding the unknown factor in a perimeter and area formula and multiply 2-digit by 1- and 2-digit numbers to calculate total costs.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this Model Eliciting Activity, MEA students will decide which type of protective surface should be put in under a new playground unit. They will consider many factors before ranking their decisions about the best surface.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

In this MEA, students are being asked to rank which rocks would be best to use for a rock garden based on a given set of data. Only one group of rocks can be chosen to build Mr. Potter's rock garden.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought processes. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEAs visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this open-ended problem, students will work in teams to determine a procedure for ranking shoe closet styles for a person’s dream closet. Students will need to calculate the perimeter and cost for the closet, make decisions based on a table of data, and write a letter to the client providing evidence for their decisions.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

This MEA allows students to calculate the area of tents in order to determine if they will hold a given number of people. Students will determine which tent is best for the customer by analyzing each tent's specific features, calculating space for each family member, and using deductive reasoning and key details from the reading passages.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought processes. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEAs visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this Model Eliciting Activity, MEA, students will be asked to rank and choose from the potential docks the Lake Wonder Camp could purchase before next summer based on the data given. In the process, students will need to find area and perimeter as part of their criteria for ranking. The data provided is: dock dimensions, price per square foot for materials, warranty, and material quality. In the twist, students will be asked to calculate the cost of adding a safety bumper around each dock (after finding the perimeter) and calculate the total cost of each dock with the price of the safety bumper added. They must also stay within a $5,000 budget. Students must decide how to change their procedure with the new information.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

The main problem students will encounter in this MEA is determining the appropriate placement of required furniture in a classroom with a new school that is being constructed. The MEA provides students the opportunity to use their knowledge of Measurement and Geometry in order to work as an engineer in solving a realistic problem. The students will need to review and incorporate the usage of Mathematical formulas and sketching in order to help make their final determination to the client within the MEA. The students may need to reconsider their initial thinking once they encounter a problem with the specifications.

The students are ranking the building of a new park according to the criteria that the town wants. They need to determine the total area of the space and how it is being used.

This video can be played with Data Set 1 for the Volunteer Trash Cleanup MEA (199167).

This video can be played with Data Set 2 for the Volunteer Trash Cleanup MEA (199167).

This video can be played with Reading Passage 1 for the Volunteer Trash Cleanup MEA (199167).

This video can be played with Reading Passage 2 for the Volunteer Trash Cleanup MEA (199167).

Students will be asked to rank the different floor tiles for the playrooms in activity centers throughout community parks. They will need to take certain factors into consideration when making their rankings. They will also need to calculate the costs of installing the floor tiles using the given measurement of the playroom and the floor tiles. The "twist" will be that the client now needs to include a storage room for some of the playroom's equipment. They will need to decide if to use the same floor tile or different from the playroom and the additional cost of the storage closet. After, they will add the total costs of the playroom and the storage closet. They will report their findings and reasons by writing letters to the client.

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Students are asked to find the dimensions of rectangles by applying the formulas for area and perimeter.

Students are given the area and width of a rectangle in the context of a word problem and are asked to determine the perimeter.

Students are asked to find the perimeter of a hexagon in which the lengths of two sides are not given but can be found.

Students are asked to solve real world problems by applying the formulas for area and perimeter.

Students are asked to find the length of a missing side on two polygons given the perimeter of each and the lengths of the other sides.

Students are asked to use known lengths, areas, and perimeters to determine the perimeter of one section of a rectangle.

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Help April calculate area and missing measurements for items in her perfect dream home in this interactive tutorial.

This is the first in a three-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series

Learn how to calculate perimeter and find a missing side measurement for a shape given the perimeter in this interactive tutorial.

This is the third in a three-part series about designing a dream house. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Learn to calculate the perimeter of rectangular and composite shapes to help April finish designing her dream home in this interactive tutorial.

This is the second in a three-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorials

Learn to calculate the perimeter of rectangular and composite shapes to help April finish designing her dream home in this interactive tutorial.

This is the second in a three-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn how to calculate perimeter and find a missing side measurement for a shape given the perimeter in this interactive tutorial.

This is the third in a three-part series about designing a dream house. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Help April calculate area and missing measurements for items in her perfect dream home in this interactive tutorial.

This is the first in a three-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in this series

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of the task is for students to solve a multi-step multiplication problem in a context that involves area. In addition, the numbers were chosen to determine if students have a common misconception related to multiplication. Since addition is both commutative and associative, we can reorder or regroup addends any way we like. Students often believe the same is true for multiplication.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Tutorials

This Khan Academy tutorial video presents a step-by-step solution for finding the length and width of a table when given its area and perimeter.

Type: Tutorial

Find area of two rectangles to solve a word problem.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore the relationship between area and perimeter. For example, if you know the area and the length, can you find the perimeter?

Type: Tutorial

## Parent Resources

## Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of the task is for students to solve a multi-step multiplication problem in a context that involves area. In addition, the numbers were chosen to determine if students have a common misconception related to multiplication. Since addition is both commutative and associative, we can reorder or regroup addends any way we like. Students often believe the same is true for multiplication.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, explore the relationship between area and perimeter. For example, if you know the area and the length, can you find the perimeter?

Type: Tutorial