# Big Idea 6: Earth Structures

Humans continue to explore the composition and structure of the surface of Earth. External sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth’s water and natural resources.
General Information
Number: SC.3.E.6
Title: Earth Structures
Type: Big Idea
Subject: Science
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science

## Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

## Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

## Independent

SC.3.E.6.In.1
Identify that energy from the Sun heats objects.

## Supported

SC.3.E.6.Su.1
Recognize that many things will get hot when left in the Sun.

## Participatory

SC.3.E.6.Pa.1
Distinguish between hot and cold objects.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

## Lesson Plans

Physical Science Unit: Water Beach Vacation Lesson 3 Changes to Water: Condensation, Melting & Evaporation:

Students learn water can change state of matter through the addition or removal of heat. Students will learn that water can condense, melt and evaporate.

This is a lesson in the Grade 3 Physical Science Unit on Water. This is a themed unit ofSaM-1's adventures while on a Beach Vacation.  To see all the lessons in the unit please visit https://www.cpalms.org/page818.aspx.

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Type: Lesson Plan

Physical Science Unit: Properties Lesson 19 Sand Temperature Lab Investigation: Graphing Data for Evidence:

Students will create line graphs from the collected data on the temperature of shaded and non-shaded sand from the previous lesson. Students will use the data and graphs as evidence to make conclusions on if the shading had an impact on sand temperature. This lesson could also be taught using Math instructional time.

This is a lesson in the Grade 3 Physical Science Unit on Properties. This is a themed unit of SaM-1's adventures at the CPALMS Rehabilitation and Conservation Center.  To see all the lessons in the unit please visit https://www.cpalms.org/page818.aspx .

Type: Lesson Plan

Physical Science Unit: Properties Lesson 18 Sand Temperature Lab Investigation: Data Collection:

Students will set up the lab investigation that they planned in the previous lesson and collect data on the temperature of shaded and non-shaded sand. This lesson could also be taught using Math instructional time.

This is a lesson in the Grade 3 Physical Science Unit on Properties. This is a themed unit of SaM-1's adventures at the CPALMS Rehabilitation and Conservation Center.  To see all the lessons in the unit please visit https://www.cpalms.org/page818.aspx .

Type: Lesson Plan

Marshmallow Mania:

After experiencing measuring objects to the nearest one-fourth inch, students are given diagrams of the results from using different colors of paper to cook marshmallows in a solar oven. Students measure diagrams' lengths to the nearest quarter inch and record the data on a line plot. Next students determine which color showed evidence of the melted marshmallows' lengths closest to the ideal 2inches and use this information to make a proposal to a fictional company for the best color to use in their solar ovens for s'more making.

Type: Lesson Plan

Not that Hot Anymore:

The students will rank companies offering canopies to a school for their Physical Education area.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

Type: Lesson Plan

## Original Student Tutorials

Our Most Important Star - Part 2:

Discover how radiant energy from the Sun can heat objects and how heat may be lost when the Sun is not present.

This interactive tutorial is part 2 of 2. Click to open Part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Our Most Important Star - Part 1:

Discover how radiant energy from the Sun is the light and heat that lights and warms the Earth.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 2. Click to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Unit/Lesson Sequence

Don't Marry the Mole! (Sun as an Energy Source):

Students conduct a series of activities to better understand solar energy and the broader concept of the sun as an energy source. Some of the activities include: observing how heat energy blows up a balloon, launching a solar air balloon, and making a solar oven.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

## Original Student Tutorials

Our Most Important Star - Part 2:

Discover how radiant energy from the Sun can heat objects and how heat may be lost when the Sun is not present.

This interactive tutorial is part 2 of 2. Click to open Part 1.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Our Most Important Star - Part 1:

Discover how radiant energy from the Sun is the light and heat that lights and warms the Earth.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 of 2. Click to open Part 2.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

## Unit/Lesson Sequence

Don't Marry the Mole! (Sun as an Energy Source):

Students conduct a series of activities to better understand solar energy and the broader concept of the sun as an energy source. Some of the activities include: observing how heat energy blows up a balloon, launching a solar air balloon, and making a solar oven.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence