Cluster 1: Key Ideas and DetailsArchived

General Information
Number: LAFS.4.RI.1
Title: Key Ideas and Details
Type: Cluster
Subject: English Language Arts - Archived
Grade: 4
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.1a
Refer to details and examples in a text that are relevant to explaining what the text says explicitly.
LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.1b
Refer to details and examples in a text that are relevant to drawing basic inferences from an informational text.
LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.2a
Determine the main idea of an informational text.
LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.2b
Identify supporting details of an informational text.
LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.2c
Identify how ideas are organized to summarize the text.
LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify events, procedures, ideas or concepts in a historical, scientific or technical text.
LAFS.4.RI.1.AP.3b
Identify specific causes and effects that relate to events, procedures, ideas or concepts in historical, scientific or technical text.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

The Civil Rights Movement in Florida: Tallahassee Bus Boycott :

African-Americans in Tallahassee boycotted the bus system for nearly seven months after the arrest of two Florida A&M University (FAMU) students for sitting beside a white woman. During the boycott, African-Americans in Tallahassee used car pools to get to and from work and for other necessary transportation. Twenty-one members of the Inter Civic Council were convicted on charges of operating an illegal transportation system for arranging the car pool without a franchise. In this lesson students analyze primary source images to write journal responses focused on what they learned about the Tallahassee Bus Boycott.

Type: Lesson Plan

Railroads Change Florida: Henry Flagler in Florida:

Henry Flagler was the founder of what became the Florida East Coast Railway. During the 1880s and 1890s, Henry Flagler expanded train lines through Jacksonville and down the East coast to Miami.

Henry Flagler began the Oversea Railway in 1906 to connect Miami to Key West. This ambitious and innovative project required money, earth-moving, man-hours, and miles of bridges. In this lesson students analyze a letter from Henry Flagler to learn about about Flagler and his contributions to Florida.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida During World War II: World War II Homefront: Rationing:

During World War II, shortages of a variety of civilian goods became commonplace. To ensure fair distribution, and that vital materials would be conserved for military use, the Federal government implemented a rationing policy on a wide variety of products. Gasoline, rubber, bicycles, shoes, sugar, fruits and vegetables, fats and oils, cheese, coffee, butter, meats, fish, certain canned goods, and even dried peas and beans were among the many products rationed for all or part of the war.

In this lesson students will use primary sources to learn how the rationing of goods effected the lives of adults and children during World War II.

Type: Lesson Plan

Mary McLeod Bethune: Photographs of Mary McLeod Bethune and Her School:

Students will use photographs that depict different aspects of the Daytona Normal and Industrial School. Students will use prior knowledge to describe what they believe a day at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School would look like. Students write using evidence from the photographs.

Type: Lesson Plan

Mary McLeod Bethune: Primary and Secondary Sources:

In this lesson, students will examine documents and decide which are primary sources and which are secondary sources. This lesson is intended to give students an introduction to the concept of primary versus secondary sources and to prepare them for future study using more complex documents.

The documents referenced in this lesson plan are from the Daniel M. Williams Papers, held by the State Archives of Florida. Williams collected various documents and photographs in order to write a biography of Mary McLeod Bethune.

Type: Lesson Plan

Florida in the Civil War: Risking Their Lives for Salt:

With the seemingly limitless supply of salt available to us today, it is hard to imagine the hardship imposed by its lack. The Confederate army's meat supply was preserved with salt. With the Union blockade in place, the Confederate states turned to local sources for this important mineral. Salt production became a crucial endeavor for citizens of Florida. In this lesson students will compare Confederate and Union perspectives of the salt works using an illustration, a letter and an excerpt from a memoir.

Type: Lesson Plan

What Did You Say Happened to the Everglades?:

In this lesson, students will conduct a close reading of an informational article about pythons in the Everglades. Students will use a variety of strategies to determine the meaning of selected academic words in context, and they will sort selected tier 3 words into categories and examine the relationships between words in a category. Students will also answer text-dependent questions about the article and identify and describe the cause/effect structure used throughout the article. Students will complete an informational paragraph about the events that are occurring in the Everglades using text evidence to support their ideas. Graphic organizers, answer keys, and a writing rubric have been provided with the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

How Important is the Amazon Rainforest?:

In this lesson, students will conduct a close reading of an informational article about the destruction of the Amazon rain forest. Students will use a variety of strategies to determine the meaning of selected academic words in context, and they will sort selected tier 3 words into categories and examine the relationships between words in a category. Students will also answer text-dependent questions about the article and identify and describe the cause/effect structure used throughout the article. Students will write an informational paragraph about the events that are occurring in the Amazon rain forest. Graphic organizers, answer keys, and a writing rubric have been provided with the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Tree that Saved the Day!:

In this lesson, students will conduct a close reading of an informational picture book about a community in Africa that is saved by the planting of mangrove trees. Students will use a variety of strategies to determine the meaning of selected academic words in context. Students will also answer text-dependent questions about the book and identify and describe the cause/effect structure used throughout the book. Graphic organizers, answer keys, and a writing rubric have been provided with the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Identifying Themes in Biographies: Lessons on Theme (2 of 2):

This is the second lesson of a two-part unit on theme. Students will identify a universal theme in the biographical texts A Picture Book of Anne Frank by David Adler and Sojourner Truth by Gwenyth Swain. Students will chart significant events in each text and work to understand how these events create a universal theme in a person's life. The teacher modeling phase uses the text "Honoring King" about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the text is provided with the lesson. The first lesson in this unit has been attached as a related resource.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of The Life and Times of the Ant:

This lesson will provide an in depth look at informational text that is heavy with graphic features and links science to reading. By the completion of the lesson, the students will have studied the key features and text structure of an informational text and explored content-specific vocabulary. They will use information provided to compare and contrast the lives of ants to the lives of humans.

Type: Lesson Plan

Civil Rights for All: Women and the Fight for Voting Rights:

In this lesson, students will learn about the history of the women's suffrage movement and what it took for women in America to get the right to vote. Throughout the lesson, the teacher and students will look at primary sources such as pictures and original documents, as well as videos about the movement and a PowerPoint to help build students' background knowledge. Then students and the teacher will work through a Reader's Theatre script called "Failure is Impossible" that describes the evolution of the Women's Suffrage Movement. Text-dependent questions for the script have been included. At the end of the lesson, students will work in groups to complete a timeline (an answer key is included) and then individually write an opinion piece on this topic. A rubric is provided to help teachers assess students' writing.

Type: Lesson Plan

Everglades Adventure:

Students will learn about text features, note taking, and informational writing using a series of short videos about the Everglades. As a final product, students will practice their expository writing by creating an informational brochure about the Everglades.

Type: Lesson Plan

Snapshot Sleuths:

Students will learn how to analyze primary documents and discover facets of Native American life by analyzing images of a variety of Native American villages. After careful analysis, students will write an expository paragraph based on a text-dependent question.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shall We Rescue the Amazon?:

In this lesson, students will learn how humans are impacting the environment by reading various informational texts on the topic of saving the rain forests. Students will determine the meanings of unknown content-specific words and identify the main idea and supporting details within the text. They will write a summary of the text and respond to a prompt by writing an opinion essay.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Chocolate Miracle:

In this lesson, students will learn about the Berlin Airlift following World War II and then read a story, Mercedes and the Chocolate Pilot (850L) by Patricia A. Pierce. Students will then create a narrative story in which the students will write as a pilot, dispersing their favorite candy or gum over a different town or country. Students will utilize a story elements graphic organizer, peer editing checklist, and a narrative rubric to assist them in the writing process.

Type: Lesson Plan

Differentiating Instruction: Finding the Main Idea and Supporting Details in Informational Texts:

This lesson is meant to be done in small groups at the students' individual reading levels. Students will read an informational text, will identify the main idea and supporting details, and record their findings on a graphic organizer. They will use the informational text and their graphic organizer to create a summary based on the text. The students will also answer questions based on the text. As a summative assessment for the lesson, the students will repeat this activity using a different informational text and will conduct the work alone, rather than in a group.

Type: Lesson Plan

Wake up America!:

Students explore the impact plants, animals, and humans are having on the environment - especially native plants and animals. This lesson has some interesting hands-on investigations to help students visualize the impact pollution is having on habitats. For the final project, students use their research to create a class book informing others about plants and animals that are endangered. Students also share ways people can help!

This lesson includes reading and writing activities that could be integrated into daily reading and language arts time blocks.

Type: Lesson Plan

Glow Kitty, Glow!:

This lesson studies the emerging science of using glow technology (phosphorescence and fluorescence) to improve the well-being of living things. Students will be introduced to the Glow Kitten and other animals that are naturally bioluminescent or have been modified by human impact. Then students will take part in their own investigation and create a glowing carnation while considering ways this technology can be used in their own lives. Along the way, students will research books, articles, and websites and use journal entries to record their learning. Finally, students will create their own advertisement highlighting their glowing carnation and its amazing uses!

Type: Lesson Plan

Holey Rusted Metal!:

Students will conduct a guided inquiry lab involving the chemical change that creates rust. This lab is meant to be set up in one day and then observed over the course of 3 weeks.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sound-Why can we hear it?:

Using a main idea and detail organizer students will identify the different details about sound that relate to the main idea. Students will also be able to understand the concept of using an informational text to help them comprehend information about a science topic.

Type: Lesson Plan

Properties of Matter: Mass, Shape, and Volume:

Using the main idea and details graphic organizer, students will be able to distinguish between information given on the properties of matter – mass, shape, and volume. Students will also demonstrate their understanding of science concepts learned from reading an informational text passage on the properties of matter.

Type: Lesson Plan

Magnets and Magnetism:

This lesson demonstrates how students can apply the process of identifying main idea and supporting details to show how the force of magnetism works and how it can be useful in everyday life. The lesson provides an opportunity for students to interact with informational text and participate in a jigsaw learning activity.

Type: Lesson Plan

Physical and Chemical Changes in the Digestion Process:

This lesson demonstrates how students can determine the cause and effect relationship in the digestion process. Students will be able to determine where chemical and physical changes occur in the digestion process and support their findings from an informational text. This lesson provides students with an opportunity to apply their knowledge of physical and chemical changes in matter to the process of digestion.

Type: Lesson Plan

“Chemical Changes: Rusting and Tarnishing”:

In this integrated ELA lesson, students will determine the cause and effect relationship for types of metals that experience rusting and tarnishing. The students can also compare and contrast the chemical changes of rusting and tarnishing, which will help them further understand how matter can change. This integrated lesson will help students apply comprehension skills to better understand informational text.

Type: Lesson Plan

CIS Wind at Work:

This lesson is using complex text to teach "close reading" strategies using the Comprehension Instructional Sequence Method (CIS). It includes a lesson plan, a National Geographic article, and a summative assessment rubric. CIS is a detailed instructional method that should be used by those who have been trained in this strategy.

Type: Lesson Plan

Chemical Changes: Burning:

This lesson demonstrates how students can apply the process of identifying main idea and supporting details to show the different ways burning can chemically change matter. The students can identify these changes and discuss the details that support these changes, which will help them further understand how burning matter is considered a chemical change.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading Exemplar: "The Making of a Scientist":

The goal of this two to three day exemplar is to give students the opportunity to use the reading and writing habits they've been practicing on a regular basis to absorb deep lessons from Richard Feynman's recollections of interactions with his father. By reading and rereading the passage closely, and focusing their reading through a series of questions and discussion about the text, students will identify how and why Feynman started to look at the world through the eyes of a scientist. When combined with writing about the passage, students will discover how much they can learn from a memoir.

Type: Lesson Plan

Editorials- Facts that Support Opinions :

In this resource, students will identify facts that are used to support an opinion in an editorial. Students will review three different editorials throughout the teacher modeling, guided practice, and independent practice. The practice passages are provided with the resource. With each passage, students will identify the subject of the editorial, the author's opinion, and facts that support the author's opinion.

Type: Lesson Plan

Identifying Elements of a Biography:

In this resource, students will identify and describe evidence in a text showing that it is a biography. In guided and independent practice activities students will use A Picture Book of Anne Frank by David A. Adler.

Type: Lesson Plan

Keep it Cool –an Engineering Design Challenge:

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help fourth grade students apply the concepts of the flow of heat from a hot object to a cold object and that heat flow may cause objects to change temperature. It is not intended as an initial introduction to this benchmark.

Type: Lesson Plan

Properties of Matter: Color, Hardness, Texture, Odor, and Taste:

In this lesson, students will use a compare and contrast chart (graphic organizer) to compare and contrast the different properties of matter – color, hardness, texture, odor, and taste. Students will also demonstrate the science concepts learned from reading informational text passages on the properties of matter.

Type: Lesson Plan

Recycle This!:

Students will learn about recycling renewable and nonrenewable resources while completing a model eliciting activity in which they help Sunshine School District to decide which material to start their recycling program with.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's your Resource: Renewable or Nonrenewable?:

Students will learn about renewable and nonrenewable resources and share their ideas by writing an expository paragraph.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Digging Deeper: Inferences:

Learn the difference between explicit and implicit information, make an inference based on the information you read, and refer to details from the text to explain your thinking. This interactive tutorial will also help you learn about the largest turtle on earth, the Leatherback sea turle.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Uncovering the Main Idea:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text

Sometimes the main idea likes to hide out in the texts that you read. Lenny Lizard will give you some pointers on how to uncover the main idea and use key details to support your answers.

By the end of this tutorial, you will be able to find the directly and indirectly stated main idea of a text. You will also learn how to identify and explain how key details support the main idea.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Edcite: ELA Reading Grade 4-5:

Students can practice answering reading comprehension questions with a text about online learning. With an account, students can save their work and send it to their teacher when complete.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Read and Respond:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies (predicting, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing) to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategies Game:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies to answer questions and comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sum-thing Special:

In this activity, students will summarize text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Question Creation:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions while they read to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Stop and Ask:

In this activity, students will answer teacher-generated questions while reading to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Answer Know-How:

In this activity, students will identify question types (right there, think and search, author and me, on my own) to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Agree to Disagree:

In this activity, students will read teacher-generated statements about a text prior to reading the text and agree or disagree based on prior knowledge. Then, students will read the text and confirm or change their initial choice based on text evidence.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: What Do You Know?:

In this activity, students will activate prior knowledge and generate questions about the topic. They will then answer those questions and add what they learn during and after reading grade-appropriate text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Inquisitive Inquiries:

In this activity, students will answer questions about the author's purpose.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Ask and Answer:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Classic Classifying:

In this activity, students will record key words/phrases in categories on a graphic organizer to generate main idea statements.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Distinguishing Details:

In this activity, students will identify significant and minor details in text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Expository Exploration:

In this activity, students will identify the main topic, supporting details, and main idea(s) in text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Incredible Inferences:

In this activity, students will identify inferences by reading clues. NOTE: This is an introductory activity for making inferences.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Inference Innovations:

In this activity, students will make inferences while reading a text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Main Idea Highlights:

In this activity, students will identify details and main idea(s) in text by highlighting key words/phrases pertaining to the topic.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Main Idea Mania:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and main ideas in expository text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: More Incredible Inferences:

In this activity, students will identify inferences by reading clues. NOTE: This is an introductory activity for making inferences.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Simple Summary:

In this activity, students will summarize text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategic Strategies:

In this activity, students will use multiple strategies (e.g., prior knowledge, ask and answer questions, make and confirm predictions, summarize) to comprehend narrative or expository text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sum Summary!:

In this activity, students will summarize text (narrative and expository) using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Super Summary:

In this activity, students will summarize expository text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: What's the Big Idea?:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and main ideas in expository text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Text Resources

Green Invaders!:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This National Geographic Kids article explains how the invasion of non-native plants is threatening native food webs.

Type: Text Resource

Metamorphosis:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article describes the complete and incomplete metamorphosis stages.

Type: Text Resource

Weathering:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article describes chemical, biological and mechanical weathering and includes causes and examples for each.

Type: Text Resource

Another Link in the Food Chain:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. The article describes how energy passes through food chains. Examples of each link in the chain and a description of its role in the food chain are given.

Type: Text Resource

Unit/Lesson Sequences

Ruby Bridges: A Simple Act of Courage:

In this unit, students will learn about the Civil Rights Movement through the perspective of Ruby Bridges, a young girl caught in the struggle for equality during this time. Vocabulary strategies, slideshows, graphic organizers, and text-based questions are all included to help students compare/contrast Ruby's world with their own.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Weathering and Erosion: A Comprehension Instructional Sequence (CIS) Lesson Plan:

This lesson plan follows the template for the Comprehension Instructional Sequence (CIS), developed to implement academic standards in English/Language Arts. This sequence scaffolds students as they read and response to complex content-area informational text. This particular lesson plan uses informational text about weathering and erosion, which ties into the 4th grade benchmark .

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Honeybee Mystery--a Comprehension Instructional Sequence Lesson Plan:

In this lesson tied to academic standards for English/Language Arts, students receive support as they read a complex informational text about honeybees. The teacher facilitates a close reading and writing a response-to-text.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Reading and Writing About Pollution to Understand Cause and Effect:

In this lesson, third grade students access prior knowledge about water pollution before exploring the topic further using read-alouds. They then complete a sequencing graphic organizer using a story of a fish and its journey from the mountains to a polluted waterway. Finally, students' understanding of cause and effect is reinforced using a hands-on experiment, art project, and graphic organizer.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorials

Digging Deeper: Inferences:

Learn the difference between explicit and implicit information, make an inference based on the information you read, and refer to details from the text to explain your thinking. This interactive tutorial will also help you learn about the largest turtle on earth, the Leatherback sea turle.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Uncovering the Main Idea:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text

Sometimes the main idea likes to hide out in the texts that you read. Lenny Lizard will give you some pointers on how to uncover the main idea and use key details to support your answers.

By the end of this tutorial, you will be able to find the directly and indirectly stated main idea of a text. You will also learn how to identify and explain how key details support the main idea.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activity

Edcite: ELA Reading Grade 4-5:

Students can practice answering reading comprehension questions with a text about online learning. With an account, students can save their work and send it to their teacher when complete.

Type: Student Center Activity

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.