Cluster 1: Key Ideas and Details

General Information
Number: LAFS.2.RI.1
Title: Key Ideas and Details
Type: Cluster
Subject: English Language Arts
Grade: 2
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text

Related Standards

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Access Points

LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.1a
Answer who, what, where, when, why and how questions from informational text.
LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.2a
Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph informational text.
LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.2b
Identify the focus of specific paragraphs within in an informational text.
LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.3a
Identify the connection between a series of historical events in an informational text.
LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.3b
Identify the steps in a process in an informational text and describe how they are connected.
LAFS.2.RI.1.AP.3c
Identify the connection between scientific ideas or concepts in an informational text.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

Home is Where the Heart Is: Researching Habitats:

In this lesson, students will learn about different types of habitats as they gather information based on provided research questions. Students will summarize the information from their research in an informative paragraph and create a diorama to present their habitat to their peers.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading of Throw Your Tooth on the Roof: Tooth Traditions from Around the World:

This lesson follows the close reading model using the book Throw Your Tooth on the Roof. This story is an informational text that is sure to get the attention of any second grader. The author takes the reader around the world to examine different traditions children have when they lose a tooth. A series of text-dependent questions are provided along with independent practice on text features and author's purpose. Also included is a culminating writing task along with a rubric for scoring.

Type: Lesson Plan

Digging for Differences:

In this lesson, students will use the book Stellaluna, along with informational text, to create a Venn diagram comparing and contrasting bats and birds. They will then compare and contrast two other similar animals using the text A Whale Is Not a Fish and Other Animal Mix-ups, completing a Venn diagram and writing an informative paragraph that describes the similarities and differences between the two animals.

Type: Lesson Plan

Ace High Flying Writers!:

In this lesson, students will work with teacher and peer support on two informational texts (one on whales, another on zones of the ocean) to determine the main topic of the text and the focus of specific paragraphs within the text. They will answer text dependent questions to demonstrate their understanding of the articles. Students will work with the teacher and their peers to brainstorm and construct an informative paragraph about each article. Independently, students will repeat this process using a text titled "A Deep-Sea Wonderland." The summative assessment for the lesson provides teachers with flexibility on what text or topic students read and write an informative paragraph about. In the end, through this scaffolded practice, students will become Ace High Flying Writers!

Type: Lesson Plan

Bloom Where You're Planted!:

Students will learn all about the life cycle of plants. They will work in a whole group setting while completing a K-W-L graphic organizer with the teacher and building meaning for vocabulary words relevant to the understanding of the text. They will have an opportunity to work in small groups and share the information they have learned by writing an expository paragraph.

Type: Lesson Plan

Helen Keller: A Journey in Time:

After reading the story A Picture Book of Helen Keller by David Adler, students will demonstrate an understanding of the text by answering who, what, when, where, why and how questions. In addition, students will write a narrative piece recounting the events in proper sequential order using temporal words.

Type: Lesson Plan

Is Wind Gentle or Strong?:

In this lesson, students will define wind as they read informational text about the wind. They will learn new vocabulary and identify the main idea, key details, and main topic of a text. Students will write an informational paragraph in which they define wind using details from the texts they have read.

Type: Lesson Plan

Look How It Changes:

Students will have an opportunity to use informational text to explore the physical and chemical changes that occur throughout the seasons of the year. and complete a graphic organizer.

Type: Lesson Plan

Ant Text Feature and Writing Picnic:

In this lesson, students will demonstrate an understanding of key details in National Geographic Kids: Ants by answering who, what, when, where and how questions about the text. The students will be able to use various text features in order to locate information in the text. Students will use the knowledge gained by reading National Geographic Kids: Ants to write and explanatory paragraph about how ants live and work together in their colony.

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Dive and Jive!:

In this lesson, students will learn about different types of habitats as they ask and answer questions about informational text. They will compare and contrast two texts on the same topic and write an informative paragraph about what they learn.

Type: Lesson Plan

How Does Your Garden Grow?:

Within this MEA, the main problem the students will solve is to determine which brand of soil the client will use in their new garden center. The student teams will take on the role of an Agricultural Review Board that is composed of top scientists who will help organizations and companies review information related to plant life. The MEA will explore students reviewing different brands of soil that have been submitted by the Franklin Farming Agency that plans to develop community garden centers within the state of Florida. The students will need to examine the data submitted by the agency and respond in a letter as to what brand of soil they think is best. The students will consider price, composition, and consumer commentary to determine a ranking system. The students may need to reconsider their thought process if they encounter a conflict with any of the data points submitted by the agency.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Jack's Magic Beans:

Jack traded the family cow for some magic beans. The woman traded Jack the beans, said that if he planted the beans in the best soil, something magical would happen. Students will examine the properties of different types of soils to recommend the best soil for Jack to use to plant his beans. They will ask and answer questions about informational text on soils from various websites.They will create a procedure for ranking soils and will present their recommendations to the class.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Sun's Hot Hot Hot:

This lesson plan introduces the concept of main topic and supporting details. Students will be able to read a text and identify the main topic and supporting details.

Type: Lesson Plan

Help Ms. Betty!:

This Model Eliciting Activity is written at a second-grade level. In teams, students will make decisions about how to select the best cookie shop to help Ms. Betty with the purchasing of chocolate chip cookies while still being cost effective for her school.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Yummy Tummy Baby Food Company:

This Model Eliciting Activity is written at a second-grade level. In teams, students will make decisions about how to select the best baby food based on several characteristics. They will need to calculate the cost to produce two types of baby food.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Compare/Contrast Life Cycle Texts:

Students will learn to compare and contrast texts about life cycles using a Venn diagram. Then, using the Venn diagram, students will write an expository paragraph including an introductory sentence, comparing/contrasting sentences, and a concluding sentence.

Type: Lesson Plan

Video Game City:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 2nd grade level. In this MEA students need to help the owner of Video Game City help his customers decide which gaming system best meets their needs. Students can consider the cost of each gaming system in their rankings. In part 2, students will need to add the cost of each gaming system and accessory.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cheesy Pizza Delivery: I Need a New Car:

The Cheesy Pizza Delivery MEA gives students the opportunity to work in collaborative groups to solve the problem of buying new delivery cars. It also touches upon the topic of Hybrid vehicles.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Holey Rusted Metal!:

Students will conduct a guided inquiry lab involving the chemical change that creates rust. This lab is meant to be set up in one day and then observed over the course of 3 weeks.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Past Hero: Reading and Writing about Martin Luther King, Jr.:

This lesson uses the nonfiction texts Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by Doreen Rappaport and Martin Luther King Day by Linda Lowery to give students the opportunity to understand the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. and why we still honor him today. Using the second book, they will answer who, what, when, where, how, and why questions about the text. Students will create a graphic organizer that uses adjectives to describe Martin Luther King, Jr. and they will use the information gained from reading this text to support their descriptions. For their final assessment, students will write an opinion piece describing Martin Luther King, Jr. and use supporting details from the text. They will use the linking word "because" in their writing and also include opening and closing statements. Teachers also have the option to give students a multiple choice/short answer comprehension test as another way to assess their understanding of the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Body is Your Universe:

In this lesson, students will work in groups of two or three to read an article about one of the major human body parts. They will create a list of facts related to their body part and turn them into questions.

The students will be reading online articles from kidshealth.org. These articles can be read online or printed. Each article describes the major purpose for each body part, how it relates to other systems in the body, and fun facts. Videos are also included.

Each group will present their facts and questions generated with the entire class. The teacher will create an anchor chart for each major body part and post them in the classroom.

Each student will use the key details generated during their group work to assist them in writing a paragraph about their body part. A diagram will be completed to go along with their paper. The questions generated by each group will be compiled into a final assessment for the class.

Type: Lesson Plan

Cookie Cravings: How to Read and Understand a Recipe:

This lesson begins with a read aloud of The Gingerbread Man By Eric Kimmel. After that, students will learn how to read a recipe for gingerbread men. They will discuss author's purpose and the genre of the writing. They will use sequencing words to aid in their understanding of the recipe. Students will answer who, what, when, why, and how questions about the nonfiction text during a guided reading lesson. Students will be assessed on their ability to read and comprehend a recipe by doing a "cold read" of a different recipe and answering comprehension questions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Becoming a Butterfly: Reading and Writing about the Life Cycle of a Butterfly:

In this lesson students will read the informational text The Life Cycle of a Butterfly by Lisa Trumbauer in order to understand the 4 stages of a butterfly's life. Students will use elements of nonfiction, such as photographs and diagrams, to aid in their understanding of the text. They will create a graphic organizer and use it to produce an informative piece of writing that illustrates what they have learned through their reading.

Type: Lesson Plan

What's The Weather?:

This is an introductory lesson to teaching the students how to ask questions about the key details of a story.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Tree's Life: Creating Text Based Questions Utilizing Informational Text:

In this lesson, students will be able to create text based questions utilizing informational text.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Writing Activity- Learning about Penguins:

In this lesson, students will read the informational text National Geographic Kids: Penguins. They will ask and answer questions about the text and demonstrate an understanding of the author's purpose for writing the text. Using the information learned from National Geographic Kids: Penguins, students will write an informative paragraph on penguins, providing support and details from the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Ants in Your Pants! - Part 1:

This is the first lesson of a four-lesson unit on ants. In this lesson, students will ask and answer questions both verbally and in writing using an informational text called "Ants in Action" (Lexile 450.) Students will create a KWLQ plus chart. While reading, the students will describe how the author uses text features. The learners will use exit slips to explain what they learned about ants. Included in this lesson are a sample KWLQ plus chart and rubrics to evaluate students skills. By the end of the four-lesson unit, the students will research and write about a type of ant.

Type: Lesson Plan

Ants in Your Pants! - Part 2:

This is the second lesson of a four-lesson unit on ants. In this lesson, students will write questions for their KWLQ plus chart. The students will orally answer guided questions about "Ants in Action" (Lexile 450.) Then, they will fluently read the text, recording and graphing their fluency on a graph daily for the rest of this unit. By the end of the unit, the students will research and write about a type of ant.

Type: Lesson Plan

Ants in your Pants! - Part 3:

This is the third lesson of a four-lesson unit on ants. This lesson may take 2 or 3 days.

The students will read and chart fluency rates for "Ants in Action" (Lexile 450). The students will identify research materials. They will use research materials to take notes to answer their questions from their KWLQ plus charts. By the end of the unit, the students will write about a type of ant.

Type: Lesson Plan

Clouds, Rain, and Fog: A Closer Look:

Teach a repertoire of comprehension strategies to successfully process informational text for content knowledge. The students will be able to describe what clouds, rain, and fog are and how they are made.

Type: Lesson Plan

Footsteps that Changed Society:

Students will learn various contributions made by famous African Americans throughout history. They will ask and answer questions about informational text while identifying the reasons an author gives in the text. They will then write about two famous African Americans and the contributions they made, using information from the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

It's Attracted:

In this lesson, students will use informational text to gather information on objects made of matter that have properties that make them either attracted or not attracted to magnets.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Physical Changes of Matter:

Students will be using the open inquiry (student-driven) approach to conducting a science investigation. They will be looking at matter and how it can be affected physically by it's size, shape, color, and by adding/taking away heat.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Topical Travels:

Identify paragraphs in a text, use key details to identify the topic of a paragraph, and identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text using the topics and details from each paragraph in this Florida-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Comprehension: Read and Respond:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies (predicting, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing) to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategies Game:

In this activity, students will use multiple reading strategies to answer questions and comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Question Creation:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions while they read to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Stop and Ask:

In this activity, students will answer teacher-generated questions while reading to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Answer Know-How:

In this activity, students will identify question types (right there, think and search, author and me, on my own) to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Agree to Disagree:

In this activity, students will read teacher-generated statements about a text prior to reading the text and agree or disagree based on prior knowledge. Then, students will read the text and confirm or change their initial choice based on text evidence.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: What Do You Know?:

In this activity, students will activate prior knowledge and generate questions about the topic. They will then answer those questions and add what they learn during and after reading grade-appropriate text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Ask and Answer:

In this activity, students will generate and answer questions to comprehend text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Match:

In this activity, students will match causes and effects. NOTE: This is an introductory level activity. It will need to be extended using grade-appropriate text to meet the complexity of the aligned standards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Organizer:

In this activity, students will identify cause and effect relationships in text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Cause and Effect Roll:

In this activity, students will identify the relationship between cause and effect. NOTE: This is an introductory level activity. It will need to be extended using grade-appropriate text to meet the complexity of the aligned standards.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Classic Classifying:

In this activity, students will record key words/phrases in categories on a graphic organizer to generate main idea statements.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Distinguishing Details:

In this activity, students will identify significant and minor details in text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Expository Exploration:

In this activity, students will identify the main topic, supporting details, and main idea(s) in text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Keys to the Main Idea:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and the main idea in text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Main Idea Highlights:

In this activity, students will identify details and main idea(s) in text by highlighting key words/phrases pertaining to the topic.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Main Idea Mania:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and main ideas in expository text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Question Quest:

In this activity, students will answer questions while reading teacher-selected text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Simple Summary:

In this activity, students will summarize text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Strategic Strategies:

In this activity, students will use multiple strategies (e.g., prior knowledge, ask and answer questions, make and confirm predictions, summarize) to comprehend narrative or expository text.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Sum Summary!:

In this activity, students will summarize text (narrative and expository) using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: Super Summary:

In this activity, students will summarize expository text using a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Comprehension: What's the Big Idea?:

In this activity, students will identify supporting details and main ideas in expository text and record them on a graphic organizer.

Type: Student Center Activity

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this topic.

Original Student Tutorial

Topical Travels:

Identify paragraphs in a text, use key details to identify the topic of a paragraph, and identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text using the topics and details from each paragraph in this Florida-themed interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this topic.