LAFS.2.L.1.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
  1. Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.
  2. Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
  3. Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
  4. Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil).
  5. Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 2
Strand: Language Standards
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
5010043: Language Arts - Grade Two (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
7710013: Access Language Arts - Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
5010102: Introduction to Debate Grade 2 (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.2.L.1.AP.2a: Capitalize dates, name of people, holidays, product names and geographic names.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Can We Ever Have Too Many Toys?:

Using David Shannon's book Too Many Toys (600L), students will learn the art of writing an opinion paragraph.

Type: Lesson Plan

Celebrity Parties Inc. MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) requires students to develop a procedure to determine which month to hold an outdoor party for a celebrity pop star. Students will need to apply their knowledge of weather patterns and severe weather effects to determine which month would most likely have the best weather for the event.

Type: Lesson Plan

Choosing a Host City for the Olympic Games:

In this model eliciting activity, students are asked to help the International Olympic Committee choose the best host city for the 2024 Summer Olympic Games. Students are provided with data about three applicant cities and then must rank the cities and write a proposal to the IOC explaining their rankings. At the end of the MEA, the students will write an opinion piece for the International Olympic Committee that tells their final decision about which city would be the best choice to host the Summer Olympic Games in 2024.

Type: Lesson Plan

Carnival:

Written at a second grade level, in this MEA the students will use problem solving skills, two-digit addition, and knowledge of greater than and less than to rank order carnival games based on provided criteria.

Type: Lesson Plan

Class Pets:

The focus of this lesson is to devise a plan, and justify it, in order to choose the best class pet. Students will use problem-solving skills, data sets presented in a chart, two and three digit addition, writing skills. Students will complete bar graphs using data from their data set sheets and answer questions about the graphs. Students will also need to check their procedure to determine if it will work when given additional data.

Type: Lesson Plan

Our School Store:

The focus of this lesson is to devise a plan and justify it in order to choose the best school supply company. Students will use problem-solving skills, data sets presented in a chart, two- and three-digit addition, writing skills, and money skills to determine the best school supply company. Students will also need to check their procedure to determine if it will work when given additional data.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Toy Box Company:

The focus of this lesson is to devise a plan, and justify it, in order to select the most appealing toy box.

Type: Lesson Plan

Kelly's Jelly:

Students use problem solving skills, data sets presented in a chart, two and three digit addition, writing skills and money skills to determine which brand of jelly beans they would like to purchase. The jelly beans differ in taste, quantity, and cost. The students must then check their procedure to determine if it will work when given an additional piece of data.

Type: Lesson Plan

Restaurant Rankings: Which meal would you want to add to your cafeteria menu?:

The students have been selected by the cafeteria manager to help rank healthy meal options that have been proposed to be added to the school cafeteria. The students will use information about the food and drink included in the meal, total calories, sodium content, calories from saturated fat, and calories from sugar to come up with a procedure for ranking the meal options. Then students will have to use or adapt their original procedures to include two more meal options in the rankings.

Type: Lesson Plan

Chocolate Delight:

Although, chocolate sales in America have continued to grow, due to the increased awareness of childhood obesity, there is major concern about the nutritional value of chocolate candy bars. Chocolate Delight, a chocolate bar company, wants to improve its sales to elementary students by creating a healthy chocolate bar. They have tested 5 new recipes and need to determine which candy bar is best for children. The students will rank the recipes from best to worst based on the following criteria: healthiness, taste, and nut allergies and make a recommendation of the healthiest recipe to Chocolate Delight.

Type: Lesson Plan

Give Me Your Opinion:

Students will demonstrate their understanding of writing an opinion text to include the various steps of the writing process - prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing.

Type: Lesson Plan

Contraction Surgery:

Students will learn how to write contractions while acting like surgeons.

Type: Lesson Plan

Friendly Writing:

At the start of this lesson, students will review the friendly letter format as the teacher reads I Wanna Iguana and I Wanna New Room by Karen Kaufman Orloff to the students. These books are told in a friendly letter format between the boy and his parents. With teacher modeling and support, students will then generate a topic and practice writing a friendly letter as a class. Next, students will apply the friendly letter format to create a writing piece in which they write to a reader of their choice on a topic they have chosen. Students will receive practice at editing their writing for proper conventions (independently, through peer review, and in teacher-student mini conferences). A graphic organizer, a letter writing frame, and a guide for revision are provided in the lesson. A closing activity has students writing a letter to their teacher asking for something they would like for their class.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Captain Capitalization's Treasure Hunt:

Capitalize holidays, product names, and names of places around the world as you hunt for treasure in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Vocabulary: Spin Sort:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will identify and sort contractions, synonyms, antonyms, abbreviations, homophones, and homographs.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Abbreviation Match-Up:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will identify common abbreviations.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Contraction Connection:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will match words to contractions on a game board.

Type: Student Center Activity

Advanced Phonics: Double Time:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will write corresponding spelling patterns for long vowels in multisyllabic words. As an extension activity, students will write the correct vowel for the schwa sound.

Type: Student Center Activity

Advanced Phonics: Sound Choice:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will decode and spell words containing vowel diphthongs while playing a board game.

Type: Student Center Activity

Advanced Phonics: The Write Word:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will produce words with different spelling patterns while playing a game.

Type: Student Center Activity

Advanced Phonics: Word-O-Matic:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will make words using letter cards containing digraphs, silent letter combinations, vowel teams, and vowel diphthongs.

Type: Student Center Activity

Advanced Phonics: Star Search:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will decode and spell words with r-controlled vowel patterns.

Type: Student Center Activity

Phonics: Word Plus:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will identify and write individual words in compound words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Contraction Bingo!:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will identify contractions by playing a bingo-type game.

Type: Student Center Activity

Teaching Idea

One Earth, Step Gently:

This teaching idea describes a project where students studied a specific topic about protecting the environment, created collages in the style of children's illustrator, Eric Carle, and wrote a book which includes 23 ways people can help our planet.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resource

Guide to Grammar and Writing: Capitalization:

This text resource is a guide to proper capitalization. A PowerPoint is included.

Type: Text Resource

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Carnival:

Written at a second grade level, in this MEA the students will use problem solving skills, two-digit addition, and knowledge of greater than and less than to rank order carnival games based on provided criteria.

Celebrity Parties Inc. MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) requires students to develop a procedure to determine which month to hold an outdoor party for a celebrity pop star. Students will need to apply their knowledge of weather patterns and severe weather effects to determine which month would most likely have the best weather for the event.

Chocolate Delight:

Although, chocolate sales in America have continued to grow, due to the increased awareness of childhood obesity, there is major concern about the nutritional value of chocolate candy bars. Chocolate Delight, a chocolate bar company, wants to improve its sales to elementary students by creating a healthy chocolate bar. They have tested 5 new recipes and need to determine which candy bar is best for children. The students will rank the recipes from best to worst based on the following criteria: healthiness, taste, and nut allergies and make a recommendation of the healthiest recipe to Chocolate Delight.

Choosing a Host City for the Olympic Games:

In this model eliciting activity, students are asked to help the International Olympic Committee choose the best host city for the 2024 Summer Olympic Games. Students are provided with data about three applicant cities and then must rank the cities and write a proposal to the IOC explaining their rankings. At the end of the MEA, the students will write an opinion piece for the International Olympic Committee that tells their final decision about which city would be the best choice to host the Summer Olympic Games in 2024.

Class Pets:

The focus of this lesson is to devise a plan, and justify it, in order to choose the best class pet. Students will use problem-solving skills, data sets presented in a chart, two and three digit addition, writing skills. Students will complete bar graphs using data from their data set sheets and answer questions about the graphs. Students will also need to check their procedure to determine if it will work when given additional data.

Kelly's Jelly:

Students use problem solving skills, data sets presented in a chart, two and three digit addition, writing skills and money skills to determine which brand of jelly beans they would like to purchase. The jelly beans differ in taste, quantity, and cost. The students must then check their procedure to determine if it will work when given an additional piece of data.

Our School Store:

The focus of this lesson is to devise a plan and justify it in order to choose the best school supply company. Students will use problem-solving skills, data sets presented in a chart, two- and three-digit addition, writing skills, and money skills to determine the best school supply company. Students will also need to check their procedure to determine if it will work when given additional data.

Restaurant Rankings: Which meal would you want to add to your cafeteria menu?:

The students have been selected by the cafeteria manager to help rank healthy meal options that have been proposed to be added to the school cafeteria. The students will use information about the food and drink included in the meal, total calories, sodium content, calories from saturated fat, and calories from sugar to come up with a procedure for ranking the meal options. Then students will have to use or adapt their original procedures to include two more meal options in the rankings.

The Toy Box Company:

The focus of this lesson is to devise a plan, and justify it, in order to select the most appealing toy box.

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

Captain Capitalization's Treasure Hunt:

Capitalize holidays, product names, and names of places around the world as you hunt for treasure in this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Captain Capitalization's Treasure Hunt:

Capitalize holidays, product names, and names of places around the world as you hunt for treasure in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Student Center Activity

Advanced Phonics: Word-O-Matic:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, students will make words using letter cards containing digraphs, silent letter combinations, vowel teams, and vowel diphthongs.

Type: Student Center Activity