Illustrate that the sun's energy arrives as radiation with a wide range of wavelengths, including infrared, visible, and ultraviolet, and that white light is made up of a spectrum of many different colors.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 7
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Big Idea: Forms of Energy -

A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science.

B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    Identify and compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum such as wavelength, frequency, use, and hazards and recognize its application to an understanding of planetary images and satellite photographs.

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify, compare and/or contrast the variety of types of radiation present in radiation from the Sun.

    Students will identify and/or compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum.

    Students will identify common uses and/or applications of electromagnetic waves.
  • Content Limits :
    Items may assess relative order of frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum but will not require memorization of specific frequencies and wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation.

    Items will not address hazards of electromagnetic radiation.

    Items will address only electromagnetic waves and the electromagnetic spectrum.

    Items will not require calculations.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    This benchmark grouping is foundational. These concepts have not been introduced in the NGSSS prior to this grade-level grouping.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Sunlight is composed of energy that is visible to humans and energy that is not visible to humans. Which statement describes how the visible energy from the Sun is different from the nonvisible energy?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice