SC.5.P.10.1

Investigate and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical.

Clarifications

Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.3.P.10.1, SC.3.P.10.3, SC.3.P.10.4, SC.3.P.11.1, SC.3.P.11.2, SC.4.P.10.1, and SC.4.P.10.3.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Forms of Energy -

A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science.

B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    SC.3.P.10.1 Identify some basic forms of energy such as light, heat, sound, electrical, and mechanical.

    SC.3.P.10.3 Demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another.

    SC.3.P.10.4 Demonstrate that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed.

    SC.3.P.11.1 Investigate, observe, and explain that things that give off light often also give off heat.

    SC.3.P.11.2 Investigate, observe, and explain that heat is produced when one object rubs against another, such as rubbing one’s hands together.

    SC.4.P.10.1 Observe and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, and the energy of motion.

    SC.4.P.10.3 Investigate and explain that sound is produced by vibrating objects and that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates.

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify and/or describe some basic forms of energy.

    Students will describe that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one material to another.

    Students will explain that heat is produced when two objects are rubbed against each other.

    Students will explain that sound is produced by vibrations and/or that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates.
  • Content Limits :
    Items assessing basic forms of energy are limited to light, heat (thermal), sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical energy.

    Items will not assess the transfer of energy.

    Items assessing light reflection, refraction, or absorption should use the terms reflect, bend, or absorb to describe light’s behavior.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    The terms material or substance should be used rather than the terms medium or media.

    Scenarios referring to mechanical energy should not use the terms kinetic energy or potential energy.
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.P.10.1 and SC.2.P.10.1.
Sample Test Items (1)
  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Jason stretches a rubber band between his fingers, as shown below. When he plucks the rubber band, it makes a sound.

    Which of the following best explains why the rubber band makes a sound when Jason plucks it?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020060: Science - Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
7720060: Access Science Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
5020120: STEM Lab Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2016 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.5.P.10.In.1: Identify forms of energy, including heat, light, sound, electrical, and mechanical.
SC.5.P.10.Su.1: Recognize uses of electrical energy (popcorn popper, vacuum cleaner), heat energy (grill, heater), light energy (sunlight, flashlight), and mechanical energy (bicycle).
SC.5.P.10.Pa.1: Recognize a source of light energy (Sun, light bulb).

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Weather: How Does Temperature Affect Air?:

In this lesson students will perform experiments and collect data to gather empirical evidence about how air molecules behave when heated and cooled. This is the 4th lesson in the 5th grade unit and  uses sensors and computer science skills to learn about weather.

Type: Lesson Plan

Electric Energy & Temperature:

This lesson introduces how electrical devices transform electrical energy to thermal energy to alter the temperature of a substance resulting in the freezing, melting, or boiling of the substance. Each electrical device produces thermal energy as a byproduct that is conducted from a source like an electrical socket or battery; this lesson discusses how that energy is transferred while also comparing and contrasting the states of matter of different substances. 

This is lesson 1 in a Unit on Detecting Thermal & Electrical Energy. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather: How Does Air Warm Up?:

This experiment will model how sunlight striking the Earth’s surface warms the air around us. Students will investigate how surfaces of differing reflectivity determine how much sunlight is absorbed and converted to heat which in turn serves to warm the adjacent air.

This is lesson 3 in the fifth grade unit on weather. The lesson uses weather sensors and connects computer science concepts within the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

SPS2064 Inc. Energy of the Future:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. SPS2064 Inc. MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best company that will send and build solar energy equipment in space.

Type: Lesson Plan

Not that Hot Anymore:

The students will rank companies offering canopies to a school for their Physical Education field.

Type: Lesson Plan

Inventions and Innovations MEA:

Inventive minds have persisted throughout history. Inventors have improved our lives with inventions created out of a desire to solve a problem or make the quality of peoples' lives better. Our president is concerned that we are not keeping up with other countries in the area of engineering and inventive thinking. Why is this? As students explore famous inventions from around the world throughout history, they will decide what the best inventions of all time are and support their opinion with strong reasons.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Shocking Truth About Circuits - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of electrical energy, circuits, insulators and conductors in standards SC.5.P.10.4, SC.5.P.11.1, SC.5.P.11.1, SC.5.P.11.2 by constructing circuits. It may also be used as introductory instruction of the content.

Type: Lesson Plan

Soccer Team Uniform Decision:

Students will learn about energy from the sun and how it is transformed into heat energy. Students will use this information to decide on a manufacturing company to order team shirts from.

Type: Lesson Plan

Transformation of Electrical Energy:

This lesson helps students learn that electrical energy can be transformed into: sound, heat, and light energy. In this lesson, students will participate in a hands-on lab to explore what forms of energy electrical energy will be transformed into. This lesson can be completed in one 60 minute science block.

Type: Lesson Plan

All Sorts of Energy:

This lesson will explore six forms of energy including mechanical, heat, electrical, chemical, sound and nuclear. Through the 5E lesson plan model, students will become engaged in this hands-on lesson. This lesson will take place over 5 days, allowing students an introduction and summary as well as hands-on opportunities to explore the 6 forms of energy.

Type: Lesson Plan

Solar Energy QR Hunt:

This lesson allows students to read and internalize information about solar power from the article "Solar-Powered Plane" from Time For Kids (1080L Lexile Level). After reading the article independently, discussing and answering the questions in pairs, the students get to go for a hunt around the classroom with a smartphone or scanner capable device to find the answers that are in the forms of QR Codes! This lesson can be completed in one 50 minute science block.

Type: Lesson Plan

Exploring Forms of Energy:

This lesson helps students explore and learn about different forms of energy: mechanical, chemical, electrical, sound, light and heat. This lesson works students through the Engage, Explore, and Explain sections of the 5E model. This lesson can be completed over one or two 50-minute science blocks depending on time you give students for each activity. During this lesson students will work in groups to sort pictures according to different forms of energy. After sorting the pictures, the teacher and students will come together to discuss and define the different forms of energy and where each picture should be sorted and why.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shady Day MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. The Shady Day MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best beach umbrella for certain situations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sail Away - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of forces from SC.5.P.13.1 and SC.5.P.13.2 as well as energy and its ability to cause motion from SC.5.P.10.1 and SC.5.P.10.2 by designing a boat and racing it. It may also be used as introductory instruction of the content.

Type: Lesson Plan

Enlightening Explorations, Part I:

This lesson contains three student experiments: How Light Travels, Comparing Light Sources, and Reflective Surfaces.

Type: Lesson Plan

Transformation of Energy: Constructing an Electromagnet:

In this hands-on lesson, students will work in groups to construct an electromagnet.  This lesson focuses energy, forms of energy, and how energy is transformed in a circuit.  This lesson also can be used to address variables in an experiment, conductors and insulators, data tables and graphs, and open and closed circuits. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Energy Scavenger Hunt at an Amusement Park:

Visit an amusement park to be able to investigate and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Some Like It Hot:

Learn how heat is a form of energy. You will also look at other examples of energy as they are found during a camping trip.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiasts

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Energy Storage:

This video about energy storage has a lot of potential to help you learn about solar power and batteries.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Energy and Nutrition:

Calorie-dense foods can power the human body across the ocean? Feel the burn.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Waves:

When your classroom is the open ocean, which is the longest period? The one from the tsunami.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Resource Collection

Energy Kids:

This website provides information and resources for teachers seeking to make learning about energy fun and exciting for students. Renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy are well organized and supplemented with diagrams, maps, and graphs. Other sections include fun facts about energy, games & activities, history, and classroom activities. This resource was developed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Type: Resource Collection

Teaching Ideas

Design Squad - Feel the Heat:

A project challenge that uses an engineering approach to build a solar water heater out of common materials.

Type: Teaching Idea

Good Vibrations-SeaWorld Classroom Activity:

In this activity, students investigate how sound travels through air, solids, and water, students will be able to explain why sound is an effective means of communication and navigation for whales.

Type: Teaching Idea

Text Resources

Tower Of Power:

The article describes a new kind of solar energy which concentrates light waves from the sun.

Type: Text Resource

Introduction to energy:

This document examines and introduces the learner to energy. The reading will define energy and discuss topics such as (1) Potential energy, (2) Kinetic energy, (3) Conservation of Energy, (4) Energy Efficiency, (5) Sources of Energy, (6) Measuring Energy, (7) Energy use, (8) Who uses energy?, and (9) Energy use and prices. The document also depicts illustrations of energy transformations, efficiency of power plants, U.S. energy consumption by source, and percentage of energy use by industrial, commercial, residential, and transportation sectors. This resource is structured as an informational handout to supplement energy activities or to generate discussion questions. A copy of the document can be found in the attachments section.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorial

Energy Story:

This site provides text explaining what energy is and how it works in our world. The site includes simple definitions of energy and interesting pictures that help students relate energy to their everyday world. To navigate through the site click the titles beside each chapter in the blue box on the left side of the homepage.

Type: Tutorial

Unit/Lesson Sequence

Electricity and Energy:

Students will learn about light energy including light waves with which the students will study shadows they make. They will also learn to relate certain forms of energy to real life scenarios by using illustrations. The students will learn how static electricity works and will even create some of their own in an experiment. They will also realize how light and heat energy are often involved in the same situations.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Inventions and Innovations MEA:

Inventive minds have persisted throughout history. Inventors have improved our lives with inventions created out of a desire to solve a problem or make the quality of peoples' lives better. Our president is concerned that we are not keeping up with other countries in the area of engineering and inventive thinking. Why is this? As students explore famous inventions from around the world throughout history, they will decide what the best inventions of all time are and support their opinion with strong reasons.

Not that Hot Anymore:

The students will rank companies offering canopies to a school for their Physical Education field.

Shady Day MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. The Shady Day MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best beach umbrella for certain situations.

Soccer Team Uniform Decision:

Students will learn about energy from the sun and how it is transformed into heat energy. Students will use this information to decide on a manufacturing company to order team shirts from.

SPS2064 Inc. Energy of the Future:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. SPS2064 Inc. MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best company that will send and build solar energy equipment in space.

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

Energy Scavenger Hunt at an Amusement Park:

Visit an amusement park to be able to investigate and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical.

Some Like It Hot:

Learn how heat is a form of energy. You will also look at other examples of energy as they are found during a camping trip.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Energy Scavenger Hunt at an Amusement Park:

Visit an amusement park to be able to investigate and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Some Like It Hot:

Learn how heat is a form of energy. You will also look at other examples of energy as they are found during a camping trip.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Energy Story:

This site provides text explaining what energy is and how it works in our world. The site includes simple definitions of energy and interesting pictures that help students relate energy to their everyday world. To navigate through the site click the titles beside each chapter in the blue box on the left side of the homepage.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Teaching Idea

Design Squad - Feel the Heat:

A project challenge that uses an engineering approach to build a solar water heater out of common materials.

Type: Teaching Idea