Distinguish among the following objects of the Solar System -- Sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets -- and identify Earth's position in it.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Big Idea: Earth in Space and Time - Humans continue to explore Earth's place in space. Gravity and energy influence the formation of galaxies, including our own Milky Way Galaxy, stars, the Solar System, and Earth. Humankind's need to explore continues to lead to the development of knowledge and understanding of our Solar System.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.5.E.5.2.


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer planets.

  • Clarification :
    Students will distinguish among objects in our solar system based on their relative positions and/or their characteristics.

    Students will identify common characteristics of all planets.

    Students will compare and/or contrast the common characteristics of inner and outer planet groups.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will address a conceptual understanding of our solar system and the characteristics of objects in our solar system.

    Items will not assess characteristics of the Sun.

    Items assessing inner and outer planet groups are limited to: surface composition (whether they are mostly solid or gas), presence of an atmosphere, size, relative position to the Sun, presence of moons or rings, relative temperature, and relative length of a year.

    Items will not require specific knowledge of quantitative astronomical data.

    Items will not assess interactions of objects in our solar system.

    Items will not assess the force of gravity.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    This benchmark grouping is foundational. These concepts have not been introduced in the NGSSS prior to this grade band.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question:

    Jacob started creating a diagram to show some of the common characteristics of the planets in our solar system.

    Which characteristic should Jacob write in the empty circle of the diagram?

  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice