# SC.K.P.13.1

Observe that a push or a pull can change the way an object is moving.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Big Idea: Forces and Changes in Motion - A. It takes energy to change the motion of objects.

B. Energy change is understood in terms of forces--pushes or pulls.

C. Some forces act through physical contact, while others act at a distance.

Clarification for grades K-5: The target understanding for students in the elementary grades should focus on Big Ideas A, B, and C.

Clarification for grades 6-8: The target understanding for students in grades 6-8 should begin to transition the focus to a more specific definition of forces and changes in motion. Net forces create a change in motion. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

Grades 9-12, Standard 12: Motion - A. Motion can be measured and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Net forces create a change in motion. B. Momentum is conserved under well-defined conditions. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

## Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020010: Science - Grade K (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720015: Access Science Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2023, 2023 and beyond (current))
5020070: STEM Lab Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))

## Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.K.P.13.In.1: Demonstrate pushing or pulling of an object to make it move.
SC.K.P.13.Su.1: Recognize that pushing or pulling an object makes it move.
SC.K.P.13.Pa.1: Track the movement of objects that are pushed or pulled.

## Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Lesson Plans

Forces: Pushing and Pulling:

This lesson demonstrates how students can use cause and effect to describe how objects move using a push or pull (forces). The students will understand that forces put objects in motion and that a strong force could change the direction and speed of an object.

Type: Lesson Plan

Forces: Gravity:

This lesson demonstrates how students can compare and contrast multiple texts about the same topic to understand how gravity pulls objects to the center of the earth.

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Use Force:

The students will be able to explain how a push or pull affects how an object moves, the difference of a push and pull, and the way to change how something is moving is to give it a push or a pull.

Type: Lesson Plan

All Aboard! Pushes and Pulls:

After completing performance tasks in science on pushing and pulling, students will have an opportunity to apply their new learning to reading informational text about vehicles that can push and pull. This lesson focuses specifically on pushing and pulling of trains by the engine.

Type: Lesson Plan

## Teaching Ideas

Students will observe and discuss motion in learning stations or in demonstration. They will observe and discuss how a push or pull affects motion.

Type: Teaching Idea

How and Where Things Move:

Students explore a variety of objects to discover the many ways the objects move-up and down, straight line, in circles, back and forth. They will discover that a force (push or pull) makes it move.

Type: Teaching Idea

Investigating Motion With Marbles:

In this guided inquiry activity, students will use 2 marbles of different size and a box to investigate what makes the marbles move and what will cause the marbles to change speed and direction.

Type: Teaching Idea

## Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

## Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.