Curriculum Resource Guide: Writing


Resource ID#: 170334 Primary Type: Teaching Idea

General Information

Subject(s): English Language Arts
Grade Level(s): K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Intended Audience: Educators educators
Keywords: access points, universal design for learning, writing
Instructional Design Framework(s): Direct Instruction
Resource Collection: Student Support Resources

Aligned Standards

This vetted resource aligns to concepts or skills in these benchmarks.

Aligned Access Points

This vetted resource aligns to concepts or skills in these access points.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.1a
Use descriptions and details of familiar people, places, things and events to support an opinion.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.1b
Write, draw or dictate an opinion statement using accurate information as reasoning about a topic or book of interest.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.1c
Organize an opinion piece starting with a topical or opinion statement followed by reasons.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.1d
Write an opinion piece that includes a sense of closure.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.2a
Write simple statements that name a topic and supply some facts about the topic.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.2b
Provide a concluding statement or section to a permanent product.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.3a
Describe orally or in writing a single event or a series of events that includes details about what happened.

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.3b
When appropriate, write about a series of events in the order in which they occurred using signal words (e.g., first, then, next).

LAFS.1.W.1.AP.3c
Write a narrative that includes a sense of closure.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support, use feedback on a topic (e.g., additional text, drawings, visual displays, labels) to strengthen writing.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support, use feedback (e.g., elaborate on story elements) to strengthen narrative writing.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support, use feedback (e.g., drawings, visual displays, labels) to strengthen persuasive writing.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from adults, respond to questions and suggestions from others to strengthen writing.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from adults, work with a peer to evaluate a permanent product.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.6a
With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools (e.g., word processing, Internet) to produce and publish writing, including collaborating with peers.

LAFS.1.W.2.AP.6b
With guidance and support from adults, use a writing template, tool or mentor text to develop writing skills.

LAFS.1.W.3.AP.7a
Participate in shared research to gather information about a topic (e.g., drawings, visual displays, labels).

LAFS.1.W.3.AP.7b
Participate in a shared writing project to produce a product to represent the group's research.

LAFS.1.W.3.AP.7c
Generate ideas and/or opinions when participating in shared writing projects.

LAFS.1.W.3.AP.8a
With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences to answer a question.

LAFS.1.W.3.AP.8b
Utilize various sources (e.g., word wall, book talks, visuals/images, Internet) that are provided to gather information in order to answer questions (how do we find out?).

LAFS.1.W.3.AP.8c
Use illustrations and details in a text to obtain facts and compose information on a topic.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1a
Introduce claim(s) for an argument that reflects knowledge of the topic.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1b
Use context or related text to establish the significance of the claim(s).

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1c
Identify claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims(s) in writing.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1d
Create a writing organizational structure (e.g., introduce claims, distinguish supporting and opposing claims and relevant evidence for each, provide conclusion) logically sequencing claim(s), counterclaims, reason and evidence.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1e
Select the most relevant evidence for claim(s) and counterclaim(s) for use in writing.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1f
Develop clear claim(s) with the most relevant evidence for a topic or text.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1g
Use words, phrases and clauses to create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1h
Use words, phrases and clauses to clarify the relationship among claims, counterclaims, reasons and evidence.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1i
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency, voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.1j
Provide a concluding statement or section that supports the argument presented by stating the significance of the claim and/or presenting next steps related to the topic.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2a
Create an organizational structure for writing that groups information logically (e.g., cause/effect, compare/contrast, descriptions and examples) to support paragraph focus.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2b
Provide a clear introduction previewing information to follow and summarizing stated focus.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2c
Provide the facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples that are most relevant to the focus and appropriate for the audience.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2d
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2e
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2f
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency, voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2g
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.2h
Report on a topic using a logical sequence of ideas, appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details that support the main ideas.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3a
Engage and orient the reader by setting out a problem, situation or observation and establishing one or multiple point(s) of view.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3b
Engage and orient the reader to the narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3c
Produce a narrative that includes dialogue that advances the plot or theme (e.g., reveals character motivation, feelings, thoughts, how character has changed perspectives).

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3d
Include plot techniques and pacing (e.g., flashback, foreshadowing, suspense) as appropriate in writing.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3e
Use a variety of techniques to sequence events so that they build on one another to create a coherent whole and build toward a particular tone and outcome (e.g., a sense of mystery, suspense, growth or resolution).

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3f
Create a smooth progression of experiences or events.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3g
Use precise words and phrases, telling details and sensory language to convey a vivid picture of the experiences, events, setting and/or characters.

LAFS.1112.W.1.AP.3h
Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on what is experienced, observed or resolved over the course of the narrative.

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task (e.g., topic), purpose (e.g., to inform) or audience (e.g., reader).

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.4b
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to entertain) or audience.

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.4c
Produce a clear coherent permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to argue or support claims) or audience.

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.5a
Develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion) focused on a specific purpose and audience.

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.5b
Develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce story elements, develop storyline, conclude story).

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.5c
Develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce argument topic, develop a claim, develop a counter claim, conclude argument).

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.5d
Strengthen writing by revising and editing.

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.5e
Strengthen writing by revising and editing (e.g., review product, strengthening story).

LAFS.1112.W.2.AP.6a
Use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use the Internet to gather information, word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short or sustained research project to build knowledge on a topic or text, answer a question and/or solve a problem (e.g., determine topic, locate information on a topic, organize information related to the topic, draft a permanent product).

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.8a
Gather (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) relevant information about the topic or text from authoritative print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.8b
Gather relevant information about the topic or text and stated claim from authoritative print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.8c
Integrate information presented by others that is determined to be the most appropriate for the task, purpose and audience into the writing product while avoiding plagiarism.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.8d
Use a standard format to write citations.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.8e
Avoid plagiarism when integrating multiple sources into a written text or when discussing/referring to text.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.9a
Provide evidence from literary or information texts to support analysis, reflection and research.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.9b
Evaluate an argument within a seminal text or adapted text to determine if reasoning is valid; reasoning is accurate; evidence is relevant; and evidence is sufficient.

LAFS.1112.W.3.AP.9c
Refine writing to assure accuracy/authenticity (e.g., historical, geographical, technical).

LAFS.1112.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.1112.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.1a
State an opinion or preference about the topic or text and at least one reason for the opinion.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.1b
Connect gathered facts to support an opinion using linking words in persuasive writing.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.1c
Write, draw or dictate an opinion statement, several reasons that support the opinion and a concluding statement about a topic or book of interest.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.1d
Organize an opinion piece starting with a topical or opinion statement followed by related reasons with supporting evidence and ending with a concluding statement.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.2a
Write statements that name a topic and supply some facts about the topic.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.2b
When writing information/explanatory texts, represent facts and descriptions through the use of illustrations and captions.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.2c
Order factual statements to describe a sequence of events or explain a procedure.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.2d
Provide a concluding statement or section to a permanent product.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.3a
Describe a single event or a series of events that describes actions, thoughts or feelings.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.3b
When appropriate, write about a series of events in the order in which they occurred using signal words (e.g., first, then, next).

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.3c
Organize text providing information regarding who, what and why while maintaining a single focus.

LAFS.2.W.1.AP.3d
Write a narrative that includes a sense of closure.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support, use feedback on a topic (e.g., additional text, drawings, visual displays, labels) to strengthen informational writing.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support, use feedback (e.g., drawings, visual displays, labels) to strengthen persuasive writing.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support, use feedback (e.g., elaborate on story elements) to strengthen narrative writing.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from adults and peers, respond to questions and suggestions from others to strengthen writing.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from adults, work with a peer to revise a permanent product.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.5f
With guidance and support from adults, work with a peer to edit a permanent product.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.6a
With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools (e.g., word processing, Internet) to produce and publish writing, including collaborating with peers.

LAFS.2.W.2.AP.6b
With guidance and support from adults, use a writing template, tool or mentor text to develop writing skills.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.7a
Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.7b
Generate ideas and/or opinions when participating in shared writing projects.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.8a
Recall information from experiences to answer a question.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.8b
With guidance and support from adults, gather information from provided sources (e.g., highlight) to answer a question.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.8c
Use simple note-taking strategies (e.g., double entry journal, Venn diagram, t chart, discussion web) to record reasons for or against a topic.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.8d
Create a permanent product (e.g., t-chart, word sort) to distinguish facts and opinion.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.8e
Use simple note taking strategies or organizers (e.g., numbering, t-charts, graphic organizers) to gather information from provided sources.

LAFS.2.W.3.AP.8f
Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.1a
Introduce the topic or text within persuasive writing by stating an opinion.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.1b
Provide reasons or facts that support a stated opinion.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.1c
Use linking words and phrases that connect the opinions and reasons.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.1d
Provide a concluding statement or section.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.2a
Introduce a topic and group related information together.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.2b
Use linking words and phrases (e.g., also, another, and, more, but) to connect ideas within categories of information.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.2c
Provide a concluding statement or section to summarize the information presented.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.2d
Develop the topic (e.g., offer additional information that supports the topic) by using relevant facts, definitions and details.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.2e
Include text features (e.g., numbers, labels, diagrams, charts, graphics) to enhance clarity and meaning.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.3a
Establish the situation by setting up the context for the story and introduce a narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.3b
Sequence events in writing that unfold naturally.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.3c
When appropriate, use dialogue and descriptions of actions, thoughts and feelings to develop a story.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.3d
Use temporal words and phrases to signal event order.

LAFS.3.W.1.AP.3e
Provide a conclusion (concluding sentence, paragraph or extended ending) that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.4a
With guidance and support from adults, produce a permanent product in which the development and organization are appropriate to the task and purpose.

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing.

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing based on a literary topic (e.g., select a topic, draft outline, develop narrative).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from adults, draft an outline in which the development and organization are appropriate to the task and purpose (e.g., to introduce real or imagined experiences or events, elaborate on experiences or events with details and techniques, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from adults, draft an outline in which the development and organization are appropriate to the task and purpose (e.g., define purpose, state your opinion, gather evidence, create your argument, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5f
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising.

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5g
With guidance and support from adults, draft an outline in which the development and organization are appropriate to the task and purpose (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5h
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising (e.g., review product, strengthening story).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.5i
With guidance and support from peers and adults, edit writing for clarity and meaning.

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.6a
With guidance and support from adults, use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use Internet to gather information, word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.3.W.2.AP.6b
Develop keyboarding skills.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short research project (e.g., determine topic, locate information on a topic, organize information related to the topic, draft a permanent product).

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8a
Recall relevant information from experiences for use in writing.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8b
Recall information from experiences for use in writing.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8c
Gather facts (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from persuasive text or discussion) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8d
Gather information from stories (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8e
Gather information (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) from informational text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively and orally.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8f
Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic with the purpose of creating a permanent product (e.g., select/generate responses to form paragraph/essay).

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8g
Locate important points on a single topic from two informational texts or sources.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8h
Identify key details in an informational text.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8i
Take brief notes (e.g., graphic organizers, notes, labeling, listing) on sources.

LAFS.3.W.3.AP.8j
Sort evidence collected from print and/or digital sources into provided categories.

LAFS.3.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.3.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.1a
Introduce the topic or text within persuasive writing by stating an opinion.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.1b
Provide reasons that include relevant facts and details that support a stated opinion.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.1c
Create an organizational structure that lists reasons in a logical order.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.1d
Use transitional words and phrases appropriately to link opinion and reasons.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.1e
Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.2a
Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.2b
Develop the topic (add additional information related to the topic) with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples related to the topic.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.2c
Include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations and multimedia when appropriate to convey information about the topic.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.2d
Link ideas within categories of information, appropriately using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.2e
Use increasingly precise language and domain-specific vocabulary over time to inform about or explain a variety of topics.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.2f
Provide a concluding statement or section to support the information presented.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.3a
Orient the reader by setting up the context for the story and introducing a narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.3b
Sequence events in writing that unfold naturally.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.3c
When appropriate, use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.3d
Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.3e
Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events.

LAFS.4.W.1.AP.3f
Provide a conclusion (concluding sentence, paragraph or extended ending) that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear, coherent draft (e.g., select/generate responses to form paragraph/essay) that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose and audience for use in developing a permanent product.

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing that is appropriate to the topic, task and purpose.

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising for clarity of meaning (e.g., review product, strengthening story, adding precise language).

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by editing (e.g., capitalization, spelling, punctuation).

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.6a
With guidance and support from adults, use technology to produce writing (e.g., use the Internet to gather information, word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.6b
Develop and use keyboarding skills.

LAFS.4.W.2.AP.6c
With guidance and support from adults, use technology to publish writing (e.g., post finished writing product on the Web, use software to display writing with accompanying illustration).

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to engage in a short research project (e.g., determine topic, generate research questions, locate information on a topic, organize information related to the topic, draft a permanent product).

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.7b
Build knowledge on topics through continued engagement in research investigation.

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.8a
Recall relevant information from experiences for use in writing.

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.8b
Gather relevant information (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text or discussion) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.8c
Identify key details from an informational text that are relevant to the specific topic.

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.8d
Take brief notes and categorize relevant information (e.g., graphic organizers, notes, labeling, listing) from sources.

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.8e
Provide a list of sources that contributed to the content within a writing piece.

LAFS.4.W.3.AP.9a
Analyze mentor texts to support knowledge of different types of thinking and writing (e.g., analyze newspaper editorials to explore the way the author developed the argument, reflective essays, investigation).

LAFS.4.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames using a variety of writing opportunities (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.4.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames to engage in the writing process (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.1a
Provide an introduction that states own opinion within persuasive text.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.1b
Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s opinion.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.1c
Provide relevant facts to support stated opinion or reasons within persuasive writing.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.1d
Link opinions and reasons using words, phrases and clauses.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.1e
Provide a clear concluding statement or section related to the opinion stated.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2a
Write an introduction that includes context/background information and establishes a central idea or focus about a topic.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2b
Organize ideas, concepts and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast and cause/effect.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2c
Support the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2d
Include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables) and multimedia appropriate to convey information about the topic.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2e
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2f
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.2g
Provide a concluding statement or section to summarize the information presented.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3a
Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3b
Organize ideas and events so that they unfold naturally.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3c
Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3d
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses to manage the sequence of events.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3e
Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3f
Write a narrative that includes smaller segments of conflict and resolution in the text that contribute to the plot.

LAFS.5.W.1.AP.3g
Provide a conclusion (concluding sentence, paragraph or extended ending) that follows from the narrated events.

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task (e.g., topic), purpose (e.g., to inform) and audience (e.g., reader).

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.4b
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to entertain) and audience.

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.4c
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product (e.g., select/generate responses to form paragraphs or essay) that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose and audience.

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for narrative writing (e.g., define purpose, state your claim, gather evidence, create your argument, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for informative writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce story elements, develop storyline, conclude story).

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing.

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting or trying a new approach.

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.6a
Use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use the Internet to gather information, use word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.5.W.2.AP.6b
Develop keyboarding skills.

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short research project (e.g., determine topic, locate information on a topic, organize information related to the topic, draft a permanent product).

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.8a
Gather relevant information that relates to a persuasive topic (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text or discussion) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.8b
Gather relevant information that relates to a topic or idea within a story (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.8c
Gather information that relates to an informational topic or subject (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) relevant to the topic from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.8d
Provide a list of sources that contributed to the content within a writing piece.

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.9a
Draw evidence from literary text to support an analysis or reflection.

LAFS.5.W.3.AP.9b
Draw evidence from informational text to support an analysis, reflection or research.

LAFS.5.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.5.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1a
Write an introduction that introduces the writer’s claim within an argument.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1b
Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s claim.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1c
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence from credible sources.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1d
Use words, phrases and clauses to link claims and reasons.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1e
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows the argument presented.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1f
Distinguish claims presented orally or in writing that are supported by reasons and claims that are not.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2a
Organize ideas, concepts and information (e.g., using definition, classification, comparison/contrast, cause/effect).

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2b
Provide an introduction that includes context/background information establishing a central idea or focus about a topic.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2c
Develop the topic (add additional information related to the topic) with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2d
Include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables) and multimedia when useful to promote reading understanding.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2e
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2f
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2g
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.2h
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and summarizes the information presented.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3a
Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3b
Organize ideas and event so that they unfold naturally.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3c
When appropriate use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3d
Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3e
Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3f
Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

LAFS.6.W.1.AP.3g
Use figurative language appropriately, including similes and metaphors.

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task (e.g., topic), purpose (e.g., to inform) and audience (e.g., reader).

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.4b
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to entertain) and audience.

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.4c
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to make an argument supported by claims) and audience.

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., define purpose, state your claim, gather evidence, create your argument, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce story elements, develop storyline, conclude story).

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing.

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing (e.g., review product, strengthening story).

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5f
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.5g
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting or trying a new approach.

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.6a
Use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use the Internet to gather information, word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.6.W.2.AP.6b
Develop sufficient keyboarding skills.

LAFS.6.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short research project (e.g., determine topic, locating information on a topic, organizing information related to the topic, drafting a permanent product).

LAFS.6.W.3.AP.8a
Gather relevant information (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text or discussion) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.6.W.3.AP.8b
Gather information (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) relevant to the topic from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.6.W.3.AP.8c
Quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others in writing while avoiding plagiarism.

LAFS.6.W.3.AP.8d
Provide a bibliography for sources that contributed to the content within a writing piece.

LAFS.6.W.3.AP.9a
Analyze mentor texts to support knowledge of persuasive writing (e.g., analyze newspaper editorials to explore the way the author developed the argument).

LAFS.6.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.6.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.1a
Produce an introduction that introduces the writer’s claims and acknowledges alternate or opposing claims.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.1b
Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s claim.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.1c
Write arguments to support claims with logical reasoning and relevant evidence from credible sources.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.1d
Use words, phrases and clauses to link opinions and reasons and clarify relationship of ideas.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.1e
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency, voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.1f
Provide a concluding statement or section that supports and summarizes the argument presented.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2a
Organize ideas, concepts and information (using definition, classification, comparison/contrast and cause/effect).

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2b
Introduce a topic clearly, previewing information to follow and summarizing stated focus.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2c
Develop the topic (add additional information related to the topic) with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2d
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2e
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2f
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency and voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2g
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information presented.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2h
Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details and examples.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.2i
Report on a topic, with a logical sequence of ideas, appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details that support the main ideas.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3a
Orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing the narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3b
Organize ideas and events so that they unfold naturally.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3c
When appropriate, use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3d
Use a variety of transition words, phrases and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3e
Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3f
Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

LAFS.7.W.1.AP.3g
Use words, phrases or gathered information to accurately reflect literary context.

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear coherent permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task (e.g., topic), purpose (e.g., to inform), and audience (reader).

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.4b
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to entertain) and audience.

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.4c
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to produce an argument supported by claims) and audience.

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., define purpose, state your claim, gather evidence, create your argument, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce story elements, develop storyline, conclude story).

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion) focused on a specific purpose and audience.

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing.

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing (e.g., review product, strengthening story).

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.5f
Use feedback from adults and peers to improve writing.

LAFS.7.W.2.AP.6a
Use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use the Internet to gather information, word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short research project (e.g., determine topic, locating information on a topic, organizing information related to the topic, drafting a permanent product).

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8a
List Internet search terms for a topic of persuasive writing.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8b
List Internet search terms for a topic of study.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8c
Gather relevant information (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text or discussion) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8d
Gather information (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) relevant to the topic or text from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8e
Quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others in writing while avoiding plagiarism.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8f
Use a standard format to produce citations.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.8g
Evaluate print and digital sources to refine ideas or thoughts while writing.

LAFS.7.W.3.AP.9a
Provide evidence from grade-appropriate literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection and research.

LAFS.7.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.7.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.1a
Provide an introduction that introduces the writer’s claims and distinguishes it from alternate or opposing claims.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.1b
Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s claim.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.1c
Write arguments to support claims with logical reasoning and relevant evidence from credible sources.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.1d
Use words, phrases and clauses to link opinions and reasons and clarify relationship of ideas.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.1e
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.1f
Provide a concluding statement or section that supports and summarizes the argument presented.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2a
Create an organizational structure for writing that groups information logically (e.g., cause/effect, compare/contrast, descriptions and examples) to support paragraph focus.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2b
Provide a clear introduction, previewing information to follow and summarizing stated focus.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2c
Develop the topic (e.g., add additional information related to the topic) with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2d
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2e
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2f
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency, voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2g
Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a coherent manner with relevant evidence.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2h
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.2i
Report on a topic with a logical sequence of ideas, appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details that support the main ideas.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3a
Orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters .

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3b
Organize ideas and events so that they unfold naturally.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3c
When appropriate, use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3d
Use a variety of transition words, phrases and clauses to convey sequence, signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another and show the relationships among experiences and events.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3e
Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3f
Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

LAFS.8.W.1.AP.3g
Use literacy devices (e.g., similes, metaphors, hyperbole, personification, imagery) in narrative writing.

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task (e.g., topic), purpose (e.g., to inform) and audience (e.g., reader).

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.4b
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to entertain) and audience.

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.4c
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to persuade or make an argument) and audience.

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., define purpose, which is to persuade, state your claim, gather evidence, create your argument, provide a meaningful conclusion).

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce story elements, develop storyline, conclude story).

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion) focused on a specific purpose and audience.

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.5d
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing.

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.5e
With guidance and support from peers and adults, strengthen writing by revising and editing (e.g., review product, strengthening story).

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.5f
Use feedback from adults and peers to improve writing.

LAFS.8.W.2.AP.6a
Use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short research project (e.g., determine topic, locate information on a topic, organize information related to the topic, draft a permanent product).

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.8a
Gather information (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) relevant to the topic from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.8b
Quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others in writing while avoiding plagiarism.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.8c
Use a standard format to produce citations.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.8d
Gather relevant information (e.g., highlight in text, quote or paraphrase from text or discussion) from print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.8e
Evaluate print and digital sources to refine ideas or thoughts while writing.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.8f
Use a standard format to write citations.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.9a
Provide evidence from grade-appropriate literary texts to support analysis and reflection.

LAFS.8.W.3.AP.9b
Provide evidence from grade-appropriate informational texts to support analysis, reflection and research.

LAFS.8.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.8.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1a
Introduce claim(s) for an argument that reflects knowledge of the topic.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1b
Identify claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims(s) in writing.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1c
Create a writing organizational structure (e.g., introduce claims, distinguish supporting and opposing claims and relevant evidence for each, provides conclusion) developing relationships among claim(s), reason and evidence.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1d
Identify evidence for claim(s) and counterclaim(s).

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1e
Develop clear claim(s) with specific evidence for a topic or text.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1f
Use words, phrases and clauses to create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1g
Use words, phrases and clauses to clarify the relationship among claims, counterclaims, reasons and evidence.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1h
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency, voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.1i
Provide a concluding statement or section that supports the argument presented by stating the significance of the claim.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2a
Create an organizational structure for writing that groups information logically (e.g., cause/effect, compare/contrast, descriptions and examples) to support paragraph focus.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2b
Provide a clear introduction previewing information to follow and summarizing stated focus.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2c
Provide relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations or other information and examples appropriate for the audience.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2d
Use transitional words, phrases and clauses that connect ideas and create cohesion within writing.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2e
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2f
Maintain a consistent style and voice throughout writing (e.g., third person for formal style, accurate and efficient word choice, sentence fluency, voice should be active versus passive).

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2g
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.2h
Report on a topic, using a logical sequence of ideas, appropriate facts and relevant, and descriptive details that support the main ideas.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3a
Engage and orient the reader by setting out a problem, situation or observation and establishing one or multiple point(s) of view.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3b
Engage and orient the reader to the narrator and/or characters.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3c
Produce a narrative that includes dialogue that advances the plot or theme (e.g., reveals character motivation, feelings, thoughts, how character has changed perspectives).

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3d
Include plot techniques and pacing (e.g., flashback, foreshadowing, suspense) as appropriate in writing.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3e
Sequence events so that they build on one another to create a coherent whole.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3f
Create a smooth progression of experiences or events.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3g
Use precise words and phrases, telling details and sensory language to convey a vivid picture of the experiences, events, setting and/or characters.

LAFS.910.W.1.AP.3h
Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on what is experienced, observed or resolved over the course of the narrative.

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.4a
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task (e.g., topic), purpose (e.g., to inform) or audience (e.g., reader).

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.4b
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to entertain) or audience.

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.4c
Produce a clear, coherent, permanent product that is appropriate to the specific task, purpose (e.g., to argue) or audience.

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.5a
Develop a plan for writing (e.g., determine the topic, gather information, develop the topic, provide a meaningful conclusion) focused on a specific purpose and audience.

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce story elements, develop storyline, conclude story).

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.5c
Develop a plan for writing (e.g., choose a topic, introduce argument topic, develop a claim, develop a counter claim, conclude argument) focused on a specific purpose and audience.

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.5d
Strengthen writing by revising and editing.

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.5e
Strengthen writing by revising and editing (e.g., review product, strengthening story).

LAFS.910.W.2.AP.6a
Use technology to produce and publish writing (e.g., use the Internet to gather information, word processing to generate and collaborate on writing).

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.7a
Follow steps to complete a short or sustained research project to build knowledge on a topic or text, answer a question and/or solve a problem (e.g., determine topic, locating information on a topic, organizing information related to the topic, drafting a permanent product).

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.8a
Gather (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) relevant information about the topic from authoritative print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.8b
Gather relevant information about the topic or text and stated claim from authoritative print and/or digital sources.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.8c
Integrate information presented by others into the writing product while avoiding plagiarism.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.8d
Use a standard format to write citations.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.8e
Avoid plagiarism when integrating multiple sources into a written text or when discussing/referring to text.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.9a
Provide evidence from literary or information texts to support analysis, reflection and research.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.9b
Evaluate an argument within a text to determine if reasoning is valid; reasoning is accurate; evidence is relevant; and evidence is sufficient.

LAFS.910.W.3.AP.9c
Refine writing to assure accuracy/authenticity (historical, geographical, technical).

LAFS.910.W.4.AP.10a
Write routinely over shorter time frames (e.g., journal entry, letter, graphic organizer) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.910.W.4.AP.10b
Write routinely in a genre over extended time frames (planning, drafting, editing, revising, publishing) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.1a
Draw, dictate or write an idea about a topic or text.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.1b
State an opinion or preference about the topic.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.1c
Write, draw or dictate an opinion statement about a topic or book of interest.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.2a
With prompting and support, create a permanent product (e.g., select/generate responses to form paragraph/essay) that contains a main topic and details about an informational topic.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.2b
Use a combination of drawing, dictating and writing in response to a topic, text or stimulus (e.g., event, photo).

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.2c
Organize information on a topic that includes two pieces of relevant content.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.3a
Use a combination of drawing, dictating and writing when generating story ideas in response to a topic, text or stimulus (e.g., event, photo, text, daily writing log).

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.3b
Write, dictate or draw about an event.

LAFS.K.W.1.AP.3c
Describe a single event or a series of events using drawings or simple sentences.

LAFS.K.W.2.AP.5a
With guidance and support, use feedback on a topic (e.g., additional text, drawings, visual displays, labels) to strengthen informational writing.

LAFS.K.W.2.AP.5b
With guidance and support, use feedback to (e.g., elaborate on story elements) to strengthen narrative writing.

LAFS.K.W.2.AP.5c
With guidance and support, use feedback (e.g., drawings, visual displays, labels) to strengthen persuasive writing.

LAFS.K.W.2.AP.6a
With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

LAFS.K.W.3.AP.7a
Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them).

LAFS.K.W.3.AP.8a
Identify various sources that can be used to gather information (e.g., library books, magazines, Internet) or to answer questions (e.g., how do we find out?).

LAFS.K.W.3.AP.8b
Use provided illustrations or visual displays to gain information on a topic.

LAFS.K.W.3.AP.8c
With guidance and support from adults, gather information from provided sources (e.g., highlight, quote or paraphrase from source) to answer a question.

LAFS.K.W.3.AP.8d
With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences to answer a question.

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