Access Point #: SC.912.P.12.In.6

Identify that gases exert pressure in a closed surface, such as pressure inside a basketball or a hot air balloon.
General Information
Number: SC.912.P.12.In.6
Category: Independent
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Standard: Motion

A. Motion can be measured and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Net forces create a change in motion. When objects travel at speeds comparable to the speed of light, Einstein's special theory of relativity applies.

B. Momentum is conserved under well-defined conditions. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

C. The Law of Universal Gravitation states that gravitational forces act on all objects irrespective of their size and position.

D. Gases consist of great numbers of molecules moving in all directions. The behavior of gases can be modeled by the kinetic molecular theory.

E. Chemical reaction rates change with conditions under which they occur. Chemical equilibrium is a dynamic state in which forward and reverse processes occur at the same rates.

Related Benchmarks

This access point is an alternate version of the following benchmark(s).

Related Courses

This access point is part of these courses.
2003340: Chemistry 1
2003350: Chemistry 1 Honors
2002440: Integrated Science 3
2002450: Integrated Science 3 Honors
2000300: Intensive Science
2003310: Physical Science
2003320: Physical Science Honors
2003380: Physics 1
2003390: Physics 1 Honors
2003410: Physics 2 Honors
2003800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Chemistry 1
7920011: Access Chemistry 1
2002445: Integrated Science 3 for Credit Recovery
2003345: Chemistry 1 for Credit Recovery
7920040: Fundamental Integrated Science 3
2003838: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Physics 2
7920022: Access Physical Science

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this access point.

Lesson Plan

Gas Laws:

This is a "gold star" lesson plan that incorporates the virtual manipulative "Gas Properties" from PhET (University of Colorado). Students investigate properties of gases, represent predictions graphically, test predictions using the manipulative, and then extend the knowledge into real investigations (i.e. non virtual).

Type: Lesson Plan

Video/Audio/Animation

Temperature, Pressure and American Football: Introduction to Gay-Lussac's Gas Law:

This lesson provides an introduction to Pressure, Temperature and Gay-Lussac's Gas Law, using as an example the Deflategate controversy that took place in the sport of American Football in January 2015. The main learning objectives are: (1) to define temperature and pressure; (2) to introduce the concepts of absolute pressure and absolute temperature, including the use of Kelvin measurement units; (3) to use Gay-Lussac's law to predict how the pressure of a fixed container of gas, such as a football, will change due to an increase or decrease in temperature; (4) to compare predictions from a physical law with experimental measurements of the same quantity; (5) to introduce the concept of measurement error and to discuss sources of uncertainty in pressure and temperature measurements; and (6) to use the Ideal Gas Law to compute the amount of gas that would need to be added or removed from a fixed volume of gas, held at constant temperature, to achieve a given increase or decrease in pressure.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Student Resources

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Parent Resources

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