Access Point #: SC.912.N.2.In.3

Recognize that scientific knowledge can be challenged or confirmed by new investigations and reexamination.
General Information
Number: SC.912.N.2.In.3
Category: Independent
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Standard: The Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge

A: Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, and is appropriate for understanding the natural world, but it provides only a limited understanding of the supernatural, aesthetic, or other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, or religion.

B: Scientific knowledge is durable and robust, but open to change.

C: Because science is based on empirical evidence it strives for objectivity, but as it is a human endeavor the processes, methods, and knowledge of science include subjectivity, as well as creativity and discovery.

Related Benchmarks

This access point is an alternate version of the following benchmark(s).

Related Courses

This access point is part of these courses.
2001350: Astronomy Solar/Galactic
2020910: Astronomy Solar/Galactic Honors
2000320: Biology 1 Honors
2000330: Biology 2 Honors
2000370: Botany
2003340: Chemistry 1
2003350: Chemistry 1 Honors
2003360: Chemistry 2 Honors
2001310: Earth/Space Science
2001320: Earth/Space Science Honors
2000380: Ecology
2001340: Environmental Science
2002480: Forensic Science 1
2002490: Forensic Sciences 2
2002410: Integrated Science 1 Honors
2002420: Integrated Science 2
2002430: Integrated Science 2 Honors
2002440: Integrated Science 3
2002450: Integrated Science 3 Honors
2002460: Integrated Science 4
2000300: Intensive Science
2000390: Limnology
2002500: Marine Science 1
2002510: Marine Science 1 Honors
2002520: Marine Science 2
2002530: Marine Science 2 Honors
2003400: Nuclear Radiation
2020710: Nuclear Radiation Honors
2003310: Physical Science
2003320: Physical Science Honors
2003380: Physics 1
2003390: Physics 1 Honors
2003410: Physics 2 Honors
2003600: Principles of Technology 1
2003610: Principles of Technology 2
2002540: Solar Energy Honors
2002550: Solar Energy 2 Honors
2002330: Space Technology and Engineering
2000410: Zoology
2002340: Experimental Science 1 Honors
2002350: Experimental Science 2 Honors
2002360: Experimental Science 3 Honors
2002370: Experimental Science 4 Honors
7920011: Access Chemistry 1
7920020: Access Earth/Space Science
2000500: Bioscience 1 Honors
2000510: Bioscience 2 Honors
2000520: Bioscience 3 Honors
2002425: Integrated Science 2 for Credit Recovery
2002445: Integrated Science 3 for Credit Recovery
2003345: Chemistry 1 for Credit Recovery
2003385: Physics 1 for Credit Recovery
2003500: Renewable Energy 1 Honors
2003836: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Physics 1
2003838: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Physics 2
7920022: Access Physical Science
2001341: Environmental Science Honors
2001330: Meteorology Honors

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this access point.

Lesson Plan

Checks Lab:

Each team has an envelope containing a series of bank checks. A few are removed at a time, and the team attempts to construct a plausible scenario which involves those checks. With each subsequent removal of checks, appropriate revision of the scenario is done. Final scenarios are compared by the class. Class discussion is designed to show how human values and biases influence observation and interpretation, even in science. This is one of the few nature-of-science lessons which have a biological connection.

Type: Lesson Plan

Unit/Lesson Sequence

Modeling for Understanding Natural Selection:

This series of lessons introduces students to evolutionary reasoning and to the explanatory power of the Darwinian model of natural selection. Students read three evolutionary scientists' (Paley, Lamarck and Darwin) original work and compare their thinking, proposed mechanism of evolution, use of evidence, and explanatory power of their theory. They apply the three scientists thinking to another scenario to refine their understanding of the explanations.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Student Resources

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Parent Resources

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