### Examples

For Kevin’s science fair project, he is growing plants with different soils. He plotted the point (5,7) for one of his plants to indicate that the plant grew 7 inches by the end of week 5.### Clarifications

*Clarification 1:*Coordinate planes include axes scaled by whole numbers. Ordered pairs contain only whole numbers.

**Subject Area:**Mathematics (B.E.S.T.)

**Grade:**5

**Strand:**Geometric Reasoning

**Date Adopted or Revised:**08/20

**Status:**State Board Approved

## Benchmark Instructional Guide

### Connecting Benchmarks/Horizontal Alignment

### Terms from the K-12 Glossary

- Coordinate Plane (first quadrant)
- Origin
*x*-axis*y*-axis

### Vertical Alignment

Previous Benchmarks

Next Benchmarks

### Purpose and Instructional Strategies

The purpose of this benchmark is for students to interpret coordinate values plotted in mathematical and real-world contexts. Students have been plotting and interpreting numbers on a number line since Kindergarten. Students’ first experience with interpreting points plotted on a coordinate plane is in grade 5, which leads to the foundational understanding needed throughout middle school.- An example of interpreting coordinate values of points in a mathematical context could be identifying points of a rectangle plotted on the coordinate plane.
- An example of interpreting coordinate values of points in a real-world context could look like the example in the benchmark description. In this real-world example, students would interpret that each axis represents a variable describing a situation. The
*x*-axis represents number of weeks and the*y*-axis represents plants’ heights in inches. - During instruction, teachers should provide plenty of opportunities for students to both plot and interpret ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. Teachers should connect the expectations of this benchmark with MA.5.GR.4.1 by having students represent the points plotted on two-column tables as well (MTR.4.1, MTR.7.1).
- In real-world contexts teachers should allow students the flexibility to decide which variable is represented by
*x*and which is represented by*y*. Students may be encouraged to explain their preference. - During instruction, students should be given the flexibility to decide how to scale their graphs for a given real-world context. Students may be encouraged to explain their preference.

### Common Misconceptions or Errors

- Students can confuse the
*x*- and*y-*values in an ordered pair and move vertically along the*y*-axis before moving horizontally along the*x*-axis.- For example, they may mean to plot and label the ordered pair (2, 4), but plot and label (4, 2) instead.

- Some students may not understand what an
*x*- or*y*-coordinate value of 0 represents. During instruction, students should justify why ordered pairs with a 0 will plot on the*x*- axis or*y*-axis.

### Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction

- Instruction includes the teacher providing coordinate points to graph in quadrant 1 of the coordinate plane along with two small objects. The students explain how they move the object along the
*x*-axis and then up the*y*-axis to the location provided. The teacher then provides the points reversed to graph and has students explain the difference in how they move the second object compared to the first.- For example, the teacher may provide students with a coordinate plane like the one shown below. The teacher provides a set of coordinate points such as (8,2). Students take turns moving an object, such as a two-colored counter, and explain the location of the point using the
*x*- and*y*-axis in their explanation. The teacher will then provide the points in reverse, (2,8). Students will move a second object and explain the location of the point as well as the difference between the two locations.

- For example, the teacher may provide students with a coordinate plane like the one shown below. The teacher provides a set of coordinate points such as (8,2). Students take turns moving an object, such as a two-colored counter, and explain the location of the point using the

- Instruction includes the teacher providing a set of cards that have coordinates points on them, some with 0 as the location on the
*x*-axis, some with 0 as the location on the*y*- axis, others with no 0 in the coordinates. Students sort the cards into three categories: points located on the*x*-axis, points located on the*y*-axis and neither. Students justify their reasoning by explaining how the 0, or lack of a 0, in each set of points helped them.- For example, the teacher provides cards with the following points on them: (2,5), (0,8), (3,0), (2,0), (1,9), (0,4), (6,0), (7,2), (9,0), (0,5)
- Students sort the points into three categories as shown below.

- Instruction includes the teacher creating a giant coordinate plane on the floor with painters' tape or outside with sidewalk chalk. The teacher or a student will then create directions for their peers to follow. The teacher or student provides a set of coordinate points, including those with 0 as the
*x*- or*y*-coordinate. Another student physically moves to the location, describing as they move, which axis they are moving on and counting the spaces until they reach their final location.- For example, the teacher or a student tells another student to move to the location of (4,6) on the coordinate plane. The student says, “I begin at the origin which is (0,0) and move 1, 2, 3, 4 spaces to the right on the
*x*-axis. I then move 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 spaces up on the*y*-axis to my final location of (4,6).” - For example, the teacher provides a student with the location (5,0). The student moves along the
*x*-axis 5 spaces and stop. The teacher provides another student with the location (0,5). That student moves up the*y*-axis 5 spaces and stop. The teacher then has students explain how their location ended up on the*x*- or*y*-axis as well as the relationship between those located on the*y*-axis and those located on the*y*-axis.

- For example, the teacher or a student tells another student to move to the location of (4,6) on the coordinate plane. The student says, “I begin at the origin which is (0,0) and move 1, 2, 3, 4 spaces to the right on the

### Instructional Tasks

*Instructional Task 1* (MTR.7.1)

Plot points on the coordinate plane to represent your table, where the

*x*-coordinate represents the number of hours worked and the

*y*-coordinate represents the number of bracelets made.

### Instructional Items

*Instructional Item 1 *

- a. (4, 2)
- b. (2, 4)
- c. (4, 8)
- d. (8. 4)

*Instructional Item 2 *

- a. (6, 2)
- b. (2, 6)
- c. (2, 0)
- d. (0, 2)

**The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.*

## Related Courses

## Related Access Points

## Related Resources

## Formative Assessments

## Lesson Plans

## Original Student Tutorial

## Perspectives Video: Teaching Idea

## Tutorial

## Worksheet

## STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

On this MEA activity, students will create a procedure to rank five lunch bags as to which one is the best in keeping food and drinks at a safe temperature and appealing to the taste, while keeping design and price on target.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Students are asked to complete one of two number patterns, write ordered pairs composed of corresponding terms, graph the ordered pairs, and identify a relationship between corresponding terms of the patterns.

Students determine and graph the relationship between two variables set in a real world context, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation.

Students are asked to determine and graph the relationship between two variables within a real world context.

Students determine the coordinates of the fourth vertex of a rectangle on the coordinate plane.

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

Practice plotting coordinates, in Quadrant I, using ordered pairs in this interactive tutorial for students.

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorial

Practice plotting coordinates, in Quadrant I, using ordered pairs in this interactive tutorial for students.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Tutorial

This Khan Academy tutorial video presentation represents a word problem's solution on a coordinate plane to determine the number of blocks walked from a home to a school.

Type: Tutorial