# Mathematically Modeling Eddy Shedding

#### Please sign in to access this resource

Not a Florida public school educator?

Access this resource
on CPALMS.com

### General Information

Subject(s): Mathematics, Science
Grade Level(s): 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Intended Audience: Educators
Keywords: Oceanographer, Eddy, Shedding, Math Models, regression, Gulf of Mexico, f test, predictions, line of best fit, oceanography, modeling, models, linear regression, linear relationship, scatterplot, scatter plot, Dmitry Dukhovskoy, COAPS, cyclonic eddies, loop current
Instructional Component Type(s):

## Aligned Standards

This vetted resource aligns to concepts or skills in these benchmarks.

## Related Videos

Isotopes and Paleoclimates

Let this researcher explain how studying fossils and isotopes can help us understand ancient climate conditions!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Waves

When your classroom is the open ocean, which is the longest period? The one from the tsunami.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Mathematical Modeling of El NiĂ±o

Hear how mathematics helped shape Dr. James O'Brien's groundbreaking research in ocean modeling of El NiĂ±o.

Monsoons & Moist Atmospheric Rivers

Listen to a discussion about how moist atmospheric rivers are influencing increased monsoonal events.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Improving Hurricane Modeling by Reducing Systematic Errors

This FSU professor discusses the limitations and need for improvement to models used to forecast hurricanes.

How Himalayan Monsoons Melt Arctic Ice

In the Earth's systems, everything is connected! This meteorologist explains the relationship between monsoonal heat columns and polar ice-melt.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Hurricane Dennis and Meteorology Majors

A discussion focusing on the predictions that underestimated the storm surge from Hurricane Dennis on the Florida panhandle.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Implications of the Spherical Earth

To understand atmospheric and oceanic currents, one needs a well-rounded understanding of geometry and the shape of the Earth.

Dissolved Oxygen in Aquatic Ecosystems

Dissolved oxygen is important to all life in and out of the water! Learn more in this video!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

How do Landforms and Water Impact Climate?

A climatologist rains down information about how physical factors form regional climates.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

What's Up? Weather Balloons and Forecasting

Listen up as a meteorologist explains how weather balloons work and how they collect data for models they can use to make forecasts.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Oceanography & Math

A discussion describing oceanÂ currents studied by a physical oceanographer and how math is involved.Â

Hurricane Dennis & Failed Math Models

What happens when math models go wrong in forecasting hurricanes?

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Hurricanes & Strong Deep Ocean Currents

COAPS oceanographer Steve Morey describes how math is used to help research hurricanes and strong deep ocean currents that could effect deep water oil rigs.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Light Reflection, Refraction and Absorption

Description needed.Â Light Reflection, Refraction, & Absorption

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Severe Weather Demo

A climatologist raises the bar with this classroom-ready 3D fluid dynamics weather demonstration.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

El NiĂ±o and La NiĂ±a

Learn how the ocean pressures the climate into changing.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Severe Weather Formation

In a fog about weather patterns? This climatologist will demystify the topic for you.

Global Weather Modeling for Military Applications

Major Paul HomanÂ describes the needs and capabilities of the United States Air Force with regard to global weather prediction and modeling.Â

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Waste Reduction from Glass Art Fabrication

Glass artist RusselÂ ScaturroÂ explains how fine control of gas flow aids efforts to minimize his carbon footprint toward a larger goal of environmentally-conscious fabrication methodology.Â

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Analyzing Antarctic Ice Sheet Movement to Understand Sea Level Changes

In this video, Eugene Domack explains how past Antarctic ice sheet movement ratesÂ allow us to understand sea level changes.Â Video funded byÂ NSFÂ grant #:Â OCE-1502753.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Assessment of Antarctic Ice Sheet Movement Rate by Sediment Core Sampling

Eugene Domack, a geological oceanographer, describes how sediment cores are collected and used to estimate rates ofÂ ice sheet movement in Antarctica.Â Video funded byÂ NSFÂ grant #:Â OCE-1502753.

Assessment of Past and Present Rates of Sea Level Change

In this video, Brad Rosenheim describes how Louisiana sediment cores are used to estimate sea level changes over the last 10,000 years.Â Video funded byÂ NSFÂ grant #:Â OCE-1502753.

Assessment of Sea Level by Sediment Core Sampling and Analysis

Watch as Brad Rosenheim, a geological oceanographer, explains how modern technology and sampling methods are used forÂ sea level research.Â Video funded byÂ NSFÂ grant #:Â OCE-1502753.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Remote Measurement of Ice Sheet Mass via Satellite

Watch as Don Chambers explains the role of satellites in measuring the mass of ice sheets and the connections between ice sheet mass changes and sea level.Â Video funded byÂ NSFÂ grant #:Â OCE-1502753.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Satellite Technology for Investigating Ice Sheet Mass and Sea Level Changes

In this video, Don Chambers explains how satellite technology is essential for assessment of sea level changes.Â Video funded byÂ NSFÂ grant #:Â OCE-1502753.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Mathematically Modeling Hurricanes

Entrepreneur and meteorologist Mark Powell discusses the need for statistics in his mathematical modeling program to help better understand hurricanes.

How Math Models Help Insurance Companies After a Hurricane Hits

Hurricanes can hit at any time! How do insurance companies use math and weather data to help to restore the community?

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Improving Hurricane Scales

Meteorologist, MichaelÂ Kozar, discusses the limitations to existing hurricane scales and how he is helping to develop an improved scale.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Probabilistic Weather Modeling

Meteorologist from Risk Management discusses the use ofÂ probability in predicting hurricane tracks.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Studying Biogeochemical Cycles in the Ocean

Dean Grubbs discusses biogeochemicalÂ cycles in the oceans and their impact.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Solving Systems of Equations, Oceans & Climate

Angela Dial discusses how she solves systems of equations to determine how the compositionÂ of ocean floor sediment has changed over 65 million years to help reveal more informationÂ regardingÂ climate change.

Factors of Weather

Michael Kozar speaks about severe weather and hurricane impacts.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Severe Weather and Water

Michael Kozar talks about the influence land and water have on severe weather.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Hurricane Forecasting

Mark Powell discusses the models used for hurricane predictions and the limitations that exist.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Earth's Past Climate

Angela Dial talks about using ocean core proxy data to investigate Earth's climate from the past.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Past Climate Change

Angela Dial discusses the geologic and scientific evidence related toÂ climate change in the past.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Hurricanes and Human Impacts

Mark Powell discusses the impacts that a hurricane can have.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Weather, Climate, and Forecasting

JonÂ AhlquistÂ discusses the various factors in weather predictions and why they are so important to our lives.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Ensemble forecasting and the use of technology in weather predicting

JonÂ AhlquistÂ discussesÂ ensembleÂ forecasting and how technology has allowed us to collect important data for the understanding of weather.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Aquifers

KentÂ KoptiuchÂ talks about aquifers and the importance of water quality.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Watershed

KentÂ KoptiuchÂ talks about watersheds and water quality.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Deep Sea Ecosystems

Sandra Brooke, from FSU Marine Lab, talks about undersea canyon ecosystems.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Symbiotic Plant-Bacteria Interactions

Agriculture takes teamwork! Watch now to learn more about how plants, bacteria, and viruses interact.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Ephemeral Wetlands Teaching Resources

Learn about wetlands and how they meet the needs of various inhabitants. Learn more about how to learn more at .

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Managing Lionfish Populations

Invasive lionfish are taking a bite out of the ecosystem of Biscayne Bay. Biologists are looking for new ways to remove them, including encouraging recreational divers to bite back!

Negative Impacts of Oil Spills

Learn how the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution experts track oil-soaked sand patties on the Gulf Coast to monitor possible negative environmental impacts from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Monitoring Oil Spill Impacts through Community Involvement

Don't cry over spilled oil. Take action instead! Learn how students can help scientists who are studying what happens to spilled oil and over time how it affects the environment.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Estimating Oil Seep Production by Bubble Volume

You'll need to bring your computer skills and math knowledge to estimate oil volume and rate as it seeps from the ocean floor. Dive in!

Causes of Ocean Currents

Don't get stuck in a loop on ocean currents. Let this oceanography student explain.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Ocean Currents and Aquatic Life

Too many ideas about ocean currents swirling around in your head? Get into the flow of things with this video.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Teaching Food Webs with the Encyclopedia of Life

Dr. Jeff Holmes from the Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology discusses the Encyclopedia of Life as a teaching resource for concepts regarding food webs.

This video was created in collaboration with the Okaloosa County SCIENCE Partnership including the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Sea Turtle Conservation

Watch as this scientist shines a light on a type of pollution that affects sea turtles.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Protecting Biodiversity in At-Risk Ecosystems

Dr. Bill McShea from the Smithsonian Institution discusses how he works to ameliorate negative human impacts on the enviroment to maintain healthy biodiversity.

This video was created in collaboration with the Okaloosa County SCIENCE Partnership, including the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Large Animal Population Characteristics

Dr. Bill McShea from the Smithsonian Institution discusses population characteristics related to large animal species.

This video was created in collaboration with the Okaloosa County SCIENCE Partnership, including the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Oil Spills and Biodiversity

Do you think you know oil there is to know about human impact on the environment? Let this biologist explain.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Protect our Fisheries from Invasive Species

Lionfish and other species are roaring past our native populations. Learn more.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Environmental Restoration Techniques

Scientists can be superheroes when it comes to saving rivers! Watch this video to find out more.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Physical Adaptation to Low Light Aquatic Environments

This biologist will brighten your day with a discussion on colorful (or not) ways that marine organisms have adapted to ocean lighting.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

How do Fish Stay in their Zone?

Sink into science as a biologist floats a few thoughts about physiological adaptations marine animals use to stay at the right depth.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Graphs Help Identify Cost-Effective Sea Turtle Conservation Strategies

This marine biologist discusses her use of graphical representations to help determine the most cost-effective management strategies for sea turtle conservation.

On the Origin of Crude Oil

An oil scientist explains how crude oil is formed and how it behaves in the environment.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

MicroGravity Sensors & Statistics

Statistical analysis played anÂ essential role in using microgravity sensors to determine location of caves in Wakulla County.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Mathematically Exploring the Wakulla Caves

The tide is high!Â  How can we statistically prove there is a relationship between the tides on the Gulf Coast and in a fresh waterÂ spring 20 miles from each other?

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Energy Transfer through Model Food Web Communities

Dr. Tom Miller explains the major roles in food web communities and describes a model system for exploring energy transfer between organisms.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Conserving Resources with an Electric Car

Charles Carpenter gives an overview of what it is like to own an electric car.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Interaction of the Spheres

Jeff DutrowÂ discusses how the interactions of spheres impacts fish behaviors including tides, currents, and seasons.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Building Websites about Endangered Species

Technology and web design can help students communicate information about an endangered species.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Outdoor Exploration to Observe Nature

Take a hike! This teacher presents an idea for students to learn about nature by collecting and categorizing specimens.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Protecting Wetland Habitats from the Negative Impacts of Roadways

Roads are a great resource for humans, but what do they mean for fragile ecosystems? Find out in this video.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Measuring Biodiversity to Evaluate Human Impact

Humans impact the environment in a number of ways. Learn more about how we interact with nature!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Everglades Invertebrate Biodiversity

Pick up the pace and learn how snails fit into the Florida food web!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Coral Varieties and their Place in Aquatic Systems

Learn all the information about coral and corral that knowledge!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Observing Invertebrate Biodiversity with Live Rock

This teaching activity rocks! Learn about aquatic ecosystems and hands-on learning!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

The Role of Mangroves in Coastal Ecosystems

What lurks beneath the water's surface? Lots of creatures, big and small! Learn how mangroves grow in an unusual environment and support many other organisms both in and out of the water.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Invasive Species Research Projects

Listen in as this teacher explains how students can do their own research to can help them understand invasive species and the dangers they pose to an ecosystem.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Building Model Food Webs in the Classroom

It's all connected. Check out this food web lesson idea.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Oil Spill Cleanup Kits

Wade into science with students by cleaning up model oil spills!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Exploring Bay Biodiversty

Sometimes science means going outside. Get going!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

The Importance of Sea Grass Beds

Alicia Brown describes the role of sea grass beds in the environment.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Longleaf Pine Forests and Renewable Resources

Coleman MackieÂ discusses longleafÂ pine forests as renewable resources.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Salvaging Timber from Riverbeds

Coleman Mackie discusses the process of how he salvages pre-cut timbersÂ from the bottom of river beds, the importance of ring density, buoyancyÂ and the uses of the recovered logs.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Ocean Currents

Dr. Nico Wienders from the Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science at Florida State University discusses factors related to currents and energy transfer in the ocean.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Fish and Bacteria Symbiosis

Dr. Andrea Larsen describes interactions between bacteria and fish that allow both to thrive.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Fish Microbiota, Dysbiosis, and Disease Prevention

Dr. Andrea Larsen explains how fishÂ microbiotaÂ are connected to fish health for aquaculture applications.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Rapid Genetic Identification of Sharks

Dr. Mahmood Shivji explains how rapid genetic testing of shark tissue samples is used to address societal pressures on marine environments.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Coral Research Driving Florida Reef Restoration Policy

Dr. Erinn Muller explains how coral health research at Mote Marine Laboratory is driving policy decisions regarding coral reef restoration in Florida.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Linear Regression for Analysis of Sea Anemone Data

Will Ryan describes how linear regression models contribute towards his research on sea anemones.

Sample Size and Shark Research

Deep sea shark researcher, Chip Cotton, discusses the need for a Power Analysis to determine the critical sample size in order to make inferences on how oil spills affect shark populations.

Research Methods to Understand Phosphorous in the Everglades

Dr.Â MelodieÂ NajaÂ of The Everglades Foundation describes research and modeling programs designed to better understand origins and localized levels of phosphorous pollution in the Everglades.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Bioaccumulation of Methylmercury in the Everglades

Dr.Â MelodieÂ NajaÂ describes the link between agricultural pollutantsÂ and theÂ bioaccumulationÂ ofÂ methylmercuryÂ in the fresh surface waters of the Everglades.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Limiting Factors Affecting Coral Health Populations

Dr. ErinnÂ Muller describes limiting factors affecting coral health.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Habitat Changes in Related to Phosphorous Pollution in the Everglades

Watch as Dr. Stephen E. Davis, III explains how excess phosphorous pollution is impacting the Everglades.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Periphyton in the Everglades

PeriphytonÂ plays several vital roles in the Everglades. Watch now toÂ find out more!

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Fishery Independent vs Dependent Sampling Methods for Fishery Management

NOAAÂ Scientist Doug Devries discusses the differences between fishery independent surveys and fishery independent surveys. Â DiscussionÂ includes trap sampling as well as camera sampling. UsingÂ graphs to show changes in population of red snapper.

Histograms Show Trends in Fisheries Data Over Time

NOAA Fishery management relies on histograms to show patterns and trends over time of fishery data.

Why did we throw it away?

Dean GrubbsÂ explains how different types of trash, like plastics, ends up in the ocean and how they become a detrimentÂ to marine life.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Statistical Sampling Results in setting Legal Catch RateÂ

Fish Ecologist, Dean Grubbs, discusses how using statisticalÂ sampling can help determineÂ legal catch rates for fish that may be endangered.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Bycatch and the Impact on Biodiversity

Dean Grubbs of Florida State Universisty, discusses the impact bycatch has on ocean life.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Shark Population Analysis and Policy

Enric Cortes discuses shark population data collected and the use of data to influence policy decisions.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Determining Remote Locations with Math

Ecologist, Rebecca Means, describes the process of determining remote locations in theÂ USAÂ and developing quantitative questions that are appropriate.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Invasive Ants and Competition in the Kenyan Savannah

Patrick MilliganÂ shares his research on invasive ant species in the Kenyan savannah.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Relationships of Organisms in the Kenyan Savannah

PatrickÂ MilliganÂ discusses the relationship of organisms in the KenyanÂ savannah.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Migration in the Kenyan Savannah

PatrickÂ MilliganÂ discusses the impetus for organisms to migrate in the KenyanÂ savannah.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Ant Populations in the Kenyan Savannah

PatrickÂ MilliganÂ discusses biotic and abiotic factors that affect populationsÂ of ants in the KenyanÂ savannah.

Composting with Worms

In this video, Molly Jameson explains how worm composting can work for the classroom.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Composting and Decomposers

In this video, Mark Tancig explains how decomposers are vital to the process of composting.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Tree Rings Research to Inform Land Management Practices

In this video, fire ecologist Monica Rother describes tree ring research and applications for land management.

Fire and the Carbon Cycle

In this video, fire ecologist Kevin Robertson explains the role of fire in the carbon cycle in fire-dependent ecosystems.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Field Sampling with the Point-centered Quarter Method

In this video, Jim Cox describes a sampling method for estimating the density of dead trees in a forest ecosystem.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Residuals and Laboratory Standards

Laws and regulations that affect the public are being formed based on data from a variety of laboratories. How can we be sure that the laboratories are all standardized?

Analyzing Wildlife Data Trends with Regression

Dr. Bill McShea from the Smithsonian Institution discusses how regression analysis helps in his research.

This video was created in collaboration with the Okaloosa County SCIENCE Partnership, including the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University.

Determining Strengths of Shark Models based on Scatterplots and Regression

Chip Cotton, fishery biologist, discusses his use of mathematical regression modeling and how well the data fits his models based on Â his deep sea shark research.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Slope and Deep Sea Sharks

Shark researcher, Chip Cotton, discusses the use of regression lines, slope, and determining the strengthÂ of the models he uses in hisÂ research.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Birdsong Series: Statistical Analysis of Birdsong

WeiÂ Wu discusses his statistical contributions to the Birdsong project which help to quantifyÂ the differences in the changes of the zebra finch's song.

Revolutionize Wing Design with Equations and Statistics

Brandon Reese, a PhD candidate in the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, discusses the significance of both Bernoulli's equation and statistical analysis for the design of a "smart wing."

Statistics and Scientific Data

Hear this oceanography student float some ideas about how statistics are used in research.

Normal? Non-Normal Distributions & Oceanography

What does it mean to be normally distributed? Â What do oceanographers do when the collected data is not normally distributed?Â

Winning the Race with Data Logging and Statistics

Data logging has transformed competitive racing! These SCCA drivers discuss how they use computers to compare multiple sets of data after test runs.

Sampling Amphibian Populations to Study Human Impact on Wetlands

Ecologist Rebecca Means discusses the use of statistical sampling and comparative studies in field biology.

Smile Statistics

This quantitative measurement and statistics activity will allow you to save face.

Statistical Inferences and Confidence Intervals

Florida State University Counseling PsychologistÂ discusses how he uses confidence intervals to make inferences on college students' experiences on campus based on a sample of students.

Sampling Strategies for Ecology Research in the Intertidal Zone

Will Ryan describes methods for collecting multiple random samples of anemones in coastal marine environments.

Statistical Art: Four Words

Graphic designer and artist,Â DrexstonÂ RedwayÂ infuses statistics into his artwork to show population distribution and overlap of poverty and ethnicity in Tallahassee, FL.

Birdsong Series: STEM Team Collaboration

Researchers Frank Johnson, Richard Bertram,Â WeiÂ Wu, and RickÂ HysonÂ explore the necessity of scientific and mathematical collaboration in modern neuroscience, as it relates to their NSF research on birdsong.

Nestle Waters & Statistical Analysis

HydrogeologistÂ from Nestle Waters discusses the importanceÂ of statistical tests in monitoringÂ sustainability and in maintaining consistentÂ water quality in bottled water.

## Related Resources

Other vetted resources related to this resource.