Enduring Understanding 1: Cognition and reflection are required to appreciate, interpret, and create with artistic intent.

General Information
Number: VA.912.C.1
Title: Cognition and reflection are required to appreciate, interpret, and create with artistic intent.
Type: Enduring Understanding
Subject: Visual Art
Grade: 912
Big Idea: Critical Thinking and Reflection

Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks.

Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.


Express a range of interests and contextual connections in the art-making process.
Identify qualities of exemplary artworks that are evident and transferable to the judgment of personal work.
Use visual evidence and prior knowledge to analyze multiple interpretations of works of art.
Assess personal artwork during production to refine work and achieve artistic objective.


Integrate ideas during the art-making process to convey meaning in personal works of art.
Examine exemplary artworks to identify qualities that make the work unique or appealing.
Describe observations and apply prior knowledge to interpret visual information and analyze works of art.
Analyze and revise artworks to meet established criteria.


Use the art-making process to communicate personal interests and self-expression.
Examine exemplary artworks to recognize qualities that make the work unique or appealing.
Use visual information or tactile sensations, prior knowledge, and experience to interpret works of art.
Use defined criteria to analyze and revise artworks.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this topic.

Lesson Plans

Working with Artistic Revision:

Students will create a collage image representing one of the character traits (communicator, risk-taker, caring, open-minded, balanced) and then learn how to redesign and revise.

Type: Lesson Plan

Anatomy and Figure Drawing:

This series of lesson help students understand and apply sighting techniques while drawing the figure from observation.

Type: Lesson Plan

Podcasting in the Artroom:

Students will create podcasts to communicate about and analyze a body of work (or individual artwork) from a given artist.

Type: Lesson Plan

NASA Space Shuttle Mission Patches:

Students apply geometric measures and methods, art knowledge, contextual information, and utilize clear and coherent writing to analyze NASA space shuttle mission patches from both a mathematical design and visual arts perspective.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Text Resource

Cavemen Were Much Better at Illustrating Animals Than Artists Today:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area.

Analyzing dozens of examples of cave art from places such as Lascaux, France, scientists determined that prehistoric artists were better at depicting the way four-legged animals walk than artists from the 19th and 20th centuries.

Type: Text Resource

Student Resources

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Parent Resources

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