Access Point #: MAFS.4.NF.2.AP.4a

Multiply a fraction by a whole number using a visual fraction model.

Essential Understandings


  • Place fraction manipulatives in groups as indicated by the whole number in a given multiplication expression (e.g., 2 × 1/3 = 2 groups of 1/3 or 3 × 1/4 = 3 groups of 1/4).
  • Use repeated addition/skip counting to find the product (e.g., 1/3 + 1/3 = 2/3 or 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 3/4).
  • Use a visual representation of a whole divided into equal pieces (each piece may be labeled with the corresponding unit fraction). Shade the number of groups of the fraction (e.g., 3 groups of 1/5 ) as indicated by the whole number.
  • Use repeated addition/skip counting to find the product (e.g., 1/5 + 1/5 +1/5 = 3/5).
  • Understand the following vocabulary: numerator, denominator.
General Information
Number: MAFS.4.NF.2.AP.4a
Category: Access Points
Cluster: Build fractions from unit fractions by applying and extending previous understandings of operations on whole numbers. (Major Cluster)

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

Related Standards

This access point is an alternate version of the following benchmark(s).

Related Courses

This access point is part of these courses.
5012060: Mathematics - Grade Four
7712050: Access Mathematics Grade 4
5012065: Grade 4 Accelerated Mathematics
5012015: Foundational Skills in Mathematics 3-5

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Element Cards

4th Grade Math Element Cards:

Element Cards are available to assist in planning for instruction. They are designed to promote understanding of how students move toward the academic standards. Element Cards contain one or more access points, essential understandings, suggested instructional strategies and suggested supports.

Type: Element Cards

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