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LAFS.910.RL.1.3

Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 910
Strand: Reading Standards for Literature
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS

  • Item Type(s): This benchmark will be assessed using: TM , EBSR , MS , MC , OR , GR , SHT item(s)
  • N/A
  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may address any aspect of character development over the course of a text. Items should focus on major characters who may exhibit evidence of change over the course of the passage. Items that address character interactions should focus only on significant character interactions. Focus should be on character development that is consistent with the major theme(s) of the passage or significantly contributes to the advancement of the plot.
  • Text Types :
    Items assessing this standard may be used with one or more grade-appropriate literary texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Technology-Enhanced Item Descriptions section on pages 3 and 4 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice and Editing Task item types). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Explain how complex characters develop, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or theme.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Hot Text

    • Requires the student to select sentences or phrases that show the development of a complex character over the course of the text, which are used to advance the plot or theme.
    • Requires the student to select the correct description of a character’s development and then to select words or phrases from the text that support this development and advance the plot or theme. 
    • Requires the student to select the correct description of a dynamic character’s development from the choices and then to select an explanation of this change’s impact on the plot or theme. 

    Multiple Choice

    • Requires the student to select a correct analysis of how a character develops and advances the plot or theme.
    • Requires the student to explain how characters interact with other characters and advance the plot or theme. 

    Multiselect

    • Requires the student to select several quotations that provide key details about how a complex character develops over the course of a text and advances the plot or theme.

    EBSR

    • Requires the student to select the correct analysis of a dynamic character’s development and then to select evidence that supports this development and advances the plot or theme. 

    Open Response

    • Requires the student to explain, in one or two sentences, a significant change in a complex character that advances the plot or theme. 

    GRID

    • Requires the student to identify key details about the development of major characters that advance the plot or theme and place them into a graphic organizer. 

    Table Match

    • Requires the student to complete a table by analyzing complex characters’ development with respect to plot or theme.