Describe the methods used in the pursuit of a scientific explanation as seen in different fields of science such as biology, geology, and physics.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 7
Body of Knowledge: Nature of Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: The Practice of Science -

A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.

B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."

C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.

D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


  • Reporting Category: Nature of Science
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark will be assessed using: MC item(s)
    Also Assesses
    SC.7.N.3.2 Identify the benefits and limitations of the use of scientific models.

    SC.8.N.1.5 Analyze the methods used to develop a scientific explanation as seen in different fields of science.

    SC.8.E.5.10 Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.

  • Clarification :
    Students will describe and/or analyze common methods and/or models used in different fields of study.

    Students will identify the benefits and/or limitations of the use of scientific models.

    Students will identify how technology is essential to science.
  • Content Limits :
    Items assessing technology will focus on the role of technology in science as opposed to specific technologies.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.3.N.3.2, SC.3.N.3.3, SC.4.N.3.1, and SC.6.N.3.4.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Two types of models that can be used to show details of the structures of cells are shown below.
    Which of the following describes a limitation of the drawing but NOT the clay model?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice