TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS
- Reporting Category: Vocabulary
This benchmark will be assessed using:
- Clarification :
The student will analyze the meanings of words, phrases, and word relationships by using strategies, including, but not limited to, context clues and word structure.
- Content Limits :
Grade-level appropriate texts should be used to assess the analysis of words and phrases and the identification of word relationships (e.g., synonyms, antonyms).
Analogies should not be assessed.
When assessing Analyze Words/Phrases
- excerpted text should contain clear and sufficient context for determining the meaning of the phrase being assessed; and
- if an item stem directs a student back to the text to determine the meaning of an unfamiliar phrase, the text should contain clear and sufficient context for determining the meaning of the assessed phrase.
When assessing Word Relationships
- the terms synonym and antonym should not be used in stem construction. Wording should be most similar in meaning or most opposite in meaning;
- excerpted text should not be used when students are required to analyze word relationships within answer choices;
- only grade-level appropriate words found within the text should be assessed; and
- the text should contain clear and sufficient context for determining the meaning of the assessed words.
- Content Focus :
- Text Attributes :
Texts should be literary or informational.
Other stimuli may include, but are not limited to, illustrations with captions, graphics, and charts.
Texts must contain appropriate words, phrases, and word relationships to assess knowledge of vocabulary at grade level.
- Distractor Attributes :
Distractors may include, but are not limited to
- incorrect meanings of assessed phrases found within the excerpted text;
- word relationships constructed similarly to the correct response;
- meanings of the assessed phrases that are correct but are not appropriate for the context;
- details drawn from the text but unrelated to the assessed phrases or test questions; and
- plausible but incorrect distractors based on the text.
Note: Excerpted text should not be used to assess word relationships.
SAMPLE TEST ITEMS (2)
- Test Item #: Sample Item 1
- Question: The sample item below is based on “Ben’s Harmonica” on page G–2.
Read this sentence from the article.
Although the delicate tones of the glass harmonica were perfect for drawing-room musicales and garden party concerts, the instrument gradually faded from fashion as concert halls grew larger . . .
What does the author mean by the phrase faded from fashion as used in the sentence above?
- Difficulty: N/A
- Type: MC: Multiple Choice