- Lesson Plan Template: General Lesson Plan
- Learning Objectives: What should students know and be able to do as a result of this lesson?
- The students will manipulate two colors of linking cubes to take apart and put together different combinations of ten.
- The students will produce equations to match the combinations of ten that are made.
- Guiding Questions: What are the guiding questions for this lesson?
- How many cubes of each color are on each side of the work mat?
- When you put the cubes together, what combination of ten can you make?
- How many combinations can we make to represent ten?
- Do you see combinations of ten that use the same addends?
- Do you see a pattern to our equations for ten?
- Prior Knowledge: What prior knowledge should students have for this lesson?
- Students should have an understanding of numbers one through ten.
- Students should understand equality and be familiar with the equal symbol.
- Students should understand adding two whole numbers and recognize the addition symbol.
- Students should recognize the math terms sum, take apart, and put together.
- Teaching Phase: How will the teacher present the concept or skill to students?
- The teacher will introduce the lesson by reading Monster Math Picnic by Grace Maccarone.
- The teacher should then reread the story and follow the steps below.
- As the story is retold, students will be instructed by the teacher to use a work mat and two colors of linking cubes to show each combination of ten depicted in the story. Math Monster Recording Sheet
- The teacher will also show the students how to use their recording sheets to color in the combination made.
- Students will be instructed to make the corresponding combinations and record the equations as the story is retold. Students can record the equations on the attached sheet as well.
- Guided Practice: What activities or exercises will the students complete with teacher guidance?
- The teacher will distribute monster cutouts and recording sheets. Math Monsters Math Monsters Riddle Recording Sheet
- As the teacher reads the monster riddles (found in the back of the book Monster Math Picnic), students will manipulate their monster cutouts to make and record equations for ten.
- The teacher will ask the students to find the corresponding equations and record on the attached sheet. For example: 10=6+4 and 10=4+6
- Independent Practice: What activities or exercises will students complete to reinforce the concepts and skills developed in the lesson?
- As a small group or center activity, students will use dominos to show how to compose and decompose numbers to 10.
- Each student will choose a domino from a group of dominos and place it in the appropriate box on the recording sheet. Domino Recording Sheet
- Using crayons, the student will draw the dots on a blank domino.
- After drawing the dots, the student will record the equation that corresponds with dots.
- Then the student will turn the domino around, draw and record the corresponding equation on the recording sheet.
- The activity will continue with the student choosing additional dominoes, drawing and recording the corresponding equations until the recording sheet is completed.
- Closure: How will the teacher assist students in organizing the knowledge gained in the lesson?
The students will come together as a group to share how they solved each riddle. As they solve the riddles students will be asked to show the compositions of ten by showing the corresponding equations for ten.
ACCOMMODATIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
Accommodations: In a center activity, students will use dominoes to show how to compose and decompose number for ten. The student will choose a domino from a group of dominoes and place it in the appropriate box on the recording sheet. Using crayons, the student will draw the dots on a blank domino. After drawing the dots, the student will record the equation that corresponds with dots. Then the student will turn the domino around, draw and record the corresponding equation on the recording sheet. The activity will continue with the student choosing additional dominoes, drawing and recording the corresponding equations until the recording sheet is completed.
Dots can be already provided so the student just add the equations, or have the equation and student produces the dots for the domino.
Extensions: Game - How Many Are Hiding?
Students will use ten Teddy Bear counters. Playing with a partner, one student will hide some of the counters in one hand, and the rest in the other hand. The other student will tap on one of his hands. When the partner opens his hand, the student will count the Teddy Bear counters in his hand. He then tries to figure out how many counters are in the partner's other hand. Once he guesses, the partner opens his hand and they count the counters together. The partners record the equation on a dry erase board. Then the partners change the combination around to show the matching equation and record the equation on the dry erase board. Students take turns hiding the counters and recording the corresponding equations.
Teacher Note: If students hands are not large enough to hold the teddy bear counters small cups can be used instead.
Writing Extension - Students will write their own Monster Riddle and use the Monster Cutouts to illustrate their riddle.
Special Materials Needed:
- Book Monster Math Picnic by Grace Maccarone
- Two colors of linking cubs (ten of each color)
- Recording sheet
- Monster Cutouts
- Domino Recording Sheet
- Teddy Bear Counters
- Dry Erase Boards
- Monster Cutouts
- Writing Paper
The standards for Mathematical Practice aligned to this lesson are MAFS.K12.MP.7.1 and MAFS.K12.MP.8.1.
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