SC.5.E.7.3

Recognize how air temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation determine the weather in a particular place and time.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Big Idea: Earth Systems and Patterns - Humans continue to explore the interactions among water, air, and land. Air and water are in constant motion that results in changing conditions that can be observed over time.
Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    SC.5.E.7.4
    Distinguish among the various forms of precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, and hail), making connections to the weather in a particular place and time.

    SC.5.E.7.5
    Recognize that some of the weather-related differences, such as temperature and humidity, are found among different environments, such as swamps, deserts, and mountains.

    SC.5.E.7.6
    Describe characteristics (temperature and precipitation) of different climate zones as they relate to latitude, elevation, and proximity to bodies of water.

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify and/or describe how air temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation describe weather in a particular place and time.

    Students will identify or distinguish the forms of precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, and hail) and their related weather conditions.

    Students will distinguish weather conditions among different environments.

    Students will describe the temperature and precipitation of different climate zones as they relate to latitude, elevation, and/or proximity to bodies of water.
  • Content Limits :
    Items assessing weather and climate are limited to conceptual understanding.

    Items will not assess the difference between climate and weather.

    Items will not address or assess the interpretation of specific characteristics used to forecast weather.

    Items addressing the types of clouds are limited to cumulus, cirrus, stratus, and cumulonimbus as they relate to weather but will not require differentiation among these types of clouds.

    Items assessing climate zones are limited to polar, tropical, and temperate.

    Items assessing weather-related differences among different environments may include desert, grassland, rainforest, tundra, and wetland.

    Items will not require knowledge of specific geographic locations.

    Items will not assess fronts.

    Items may refer to common tools used to measure air temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation but will not assess specific knowledge of the tools.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    Scenarios may include a weather map with a key explaining weather symbols.

    Dual thermometers showing degrees Fahrenheit and degrees Celsius must be used if the scenario requires an illustration of a thermometer.

    Wind speeds will be shown in miles per hour (mph).

    The phrase air pressure should be used rather than the phrase barometric pressure.
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.2.E.7.1, SC.2.E.7.2, SC.2.E.7.4, SC.2.E.7.5, SC.2.P.8.4, and SC.2.P.8.5.
Sample Test Items (1)
  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Earth has many types of climate zones. The map below shows the tundra climate zones of the Northern Hemisphere.



    Which of the following best describes this type of climate zone?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020060: Science - Grade Five (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720060: Access Science Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.5.E.7.In.3: Identify elements that make up weather, including temperature, precipitation, and wind speed and direction.
SC.5.E.7.Su.3: Recognize elements of weather, including temperature, precipitation, and wind.
SC.5.E.7.Pa.3: Recognize the weather conditions including hot/cold and raining/not raining during the day.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Educational Game

Science Vocabulary Hangman:

This interactive game uses the traditional hangman premise with all questions and answers involving science vocabulary. There are general sets of science vocabulary to choose from, as well as specific topics. You can even choose vocabulary pertaining to 5th or 8th grade FCAT Science Tests!

Type: Educational Game

Lesson Plans

Which Weather Would You Rather?:

During the activity, student’s will organize, analyze, and draw conclusions about the weather in a particular place and time to assist 4cast Engineering and Development to choose a seminar location. Students will use their understanding of how air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation to determine a location for the seminar. They will also create a blueprint of an object appropriate to the climate which they will submit to be manufactured and sold at the seminar locations. Students will accurately label the length, width, height and angles of the object as to have an accurate blueprint.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather: What is Air Pressure?:

What is air pressure? This set of experiments will explore the properties of air to determine how its behavior affects the weather. 

Students will make conclusions about the properties of air based on the data they've recorded from their experiments.

This is lesson 1 for the air pressure component of a 5th grade unit on weather. The lesson uses weather sensors and connects computer science concepts within the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather: How Does Temperature Affect Air?:

In this lesson students will perform experiments and collect data to gather empirical evidence about how air molecules behave when heated and cooled. This is the 4th lesson in the 5th grade unit and  uses sensors and computer science skills to learn about weather.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather: How Does Air Warm Up?:

This experiment will model how sunlight striking the Earth’s surface warms the air around us. Students will investigate how surfaces of differing reflectivity determine how much sunlight is absorbed and converted to heat which in turn serves to warm the adjacent air.

This is lesson 3 in the fifth grade unit on weather. The lesson uses weather sensors and connects computer science concepts within the lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather: Water Vapor in Our Atmosphere :

Learn about relative humidity: how to measure it, what causes it to change, and why it is an important component of our weather. This is lesson 2 in a fifth grade unit on weather and has two inquiry based experiments for students. The lesson uses weather sensors and connects computer science concepts within the lesson

Type: Lesson Plan

Where in the World:

In the first lesson, students will determine latitude, longitude, continents, and ocean on a world map and label them correctly. In the second lesson, the students will be "dropped" off at an unknown location and they will have to figure out where in the world they are based on the plants, animals, and climate of that location so that they can be rescued by Professor Sohn.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather and Pressure Systems:

Approaching weather systems are generally associated with atmospheric pressure. This 45 minute lesson is designed to help your students understand what type of weather is associated with low-pressure systems and high-pressure systems.

Type: Lesson Plan

When Weather is Right…We Camp!:

This exciting MEA requires students to review data and rank travel dates from best to worst in terms of weather conditions, to help the Neely Family decide what the best dates would be to go camping in Madison Fl. Students will consider wind speed, air pressure, humidity, air temperature by analyzing the given charts which include these data week by week. Students will work as a groups and create a model for ranking these dates. Students have fun, use problem solving and collaborative strategies while learning about the properties of weather.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Weather Tools International:

Teams will be given the task of ranking weather tools for a weather station kit. Students will read an informative supplemental reading about the factors that influence weather so students can determine the relation to the tools that measure these factors. Once teams have ranked the tools, they will respond to the client in a letter with their choices. The client will respond by asking that ease of use be considered as a factor and will request that students respond with a second letter with a revised ranking.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Go Fly A Kite MEA:

Students analyze a weekly weather forecast to rank and determine which day would be best for flying a kite.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Vacation, All I Ever Wanted- Weather Conditions MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. In this open-ended problem, students are presented with a variety of vacation choices, the predicted weather conditions at each location, prices, and previous guest comments. Students must rank the hot vacation spots and describe their procedures for ranking.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Type: Lesson Plan

Feeling the Pressure — An Engineering Design Challenge:

"This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of air pressure from SC.5.E.7.3 as they improve upon a common homemade barometer design to create one that is more accurate. It is not intended as an all encompassing lesson for this benchmark."

Type: Lesson Plan

Wild Wind:

Students will learn the difference between global, prevailing and local winds. In this activity, students will make a wind vane out of paper, a straw and a soda bottle and use it to measure wind direction over time. Finally, they will analyze their data to draw conclusions about the prevailing winds in their area.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Air Pressure Part 1: What is it?:

Explore the basics of air pressure in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 3: OR Gates:

Explore how temperature, wind speed and other weather data affects a biome like the temperate grasslands. While exploring the different aspects of the biome, learn the OR logic gate that computers use to make decisions.

This is part 3 of 4 in a tutorial series on biomes and logic gates.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How's the Weather?:

Discover how air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind, and precipitation determine the weather in a particular place and time as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Expert

Mathematically Modeling Hurricanes:

Entrepreneur and meteorologist Mark Powell discusses the need for statistics in his mathematical modeling program to help better understand hurricanes.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Kites, Rowing, Wind, and Navigation:

What’s your vector, Victor? Understanding math and wind helps get you where you want to go.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Tutorials

Clouds and Moisture:

The Treehouse Weather Kids is designed for teachers and students in the 5th – 8th grades. It provides basic information on weather topics such as winds, moisture, air pressure, seasons, and storms. This tutorial discusses clouds, humidity, and precipitation.

Type: Tutorial

Air Pressure and Wind:

The Treehouse Weather Kids is designed for teachers and students in the 5th – 8th grades. It provides basic information on weather topics such as winds, moisture, air pressure, seasons, and storms. This tutorial discusses air pressue and wind.

Type: Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animation

Kid Meteorologist:

In this ZOOM-adapted video clip, a student explains how her interest in weather observation led her to volunteer at a local weather center so she could get practical experience with weather instruments and learn from a practicing meteorologist how forecasts are created.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Go Fly A Kite MEA:

Students analyze a weekly weather forecast to rank and determine which day would be best for flying a kite.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Vacation, All I Ever Wanted- Weather Conditions MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. In this open-ended problem, students are presented with a variety of vacation choices, the predicted weather conditions at each location, prices, and previous guest comments. Students must rank the hot vacation spots and describe their procedures for ranking.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Weather Tools International:

Teams will be given the task of ranking weather tools for a weather station kit. Students will read an informative supplemental reading about the factors that influence weather so students can determine the relation to the tools that measure these factors. Once teams have ranked the tools, they will respond to the client in a letter with their choices. The client will respond by asking that ease of use be considered as a factor and will request that students respond with a second letter with a revised ranking.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

When Weather is Right…We Camp!:

This exciting MEA requires students to review data and rank travel dates from best to worst in terms of weather conditions, to help the Neely Family decide what the best dates would be to go camping in Madison Fl. Students will consider wind speed, air pressure, humidity, air temperature by analyzing the given charts which include these data week by week. Students will work as a groups and create a model for ranking these dates. Students have fun, use problem solving and collaborative strategies while learning about the properties of weather.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

Air Pressure Part 1: What is it?:

Explore the basics of air pressure in this interactive tutorial.

How's the Weather?:

Discover how air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind, and precipitation determine the weather in a particular place and time as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Computer Science Original Student Tutorials

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 3: OR Gates:

Explore how temperature, wind speed and other weather data affects a biome like the temperate grasslands. While exploring the different aspects of the biome, learn the OR logic gate that computers use to make decisions.

This is part 3 of 4 in a tutorial series on biomes and logic gates.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Air Pressure Part 1: What is it?:

Explore the basics of air pressure in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 3: OR Gates:

Explore how temperature, wind speed and other weather data affects a biome like the temperate grasslands. While exploring the different aspects of the biome, learn the OR logic gate that computers use to make decisions.

This is part 3 of 4 in a tutorial series on biomes and logic gates.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How's the Weather?:

Discover how air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind, and precipitation determine the weather in a particular place and time as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

Clouds and Moisture:

The Treehouse Weather Kids is designed for teachers and students in the 5th – 8th grades. It provides basic information on weather topics such as winds, moisture, air pressure, seasons, and storms. This tutorial discusses clouds, humidity, and precipitation.

Type: Tutorial

Air Pressure and Wind:

The Treehouse Weather Kids is designed for teachers and students in the 5th – 8th grades. It provides basic information on weather topics such as winds, moisture, air pressure, seasons, and storms. This tutorial discusses air pressue and wind.

Type: Tutorial

Video/Audio/Animation

Kid Meteorologist:

In this ZOOM-adapted video clip, a student explains how her interest in weather observation led her to volunteer at a local weather center so she could get practical experience with weather instruments and learn from a practicing meteorologist how forecasts are created.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.