LAFS.6.W.1.1

Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
  1. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly.
  2. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.
  3. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
  4. Establish and maintain a formal style.
  5. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 6
Strand: Writing Standards
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
0800000: M/J Health Grade 6 Year (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
0800030: M/J Health Grade 6 Semester (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1000000: M/J Intensive Language Arts (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1001010: M/J Language Arts 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1001020: M/J Language Arts 1 Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1002000: M/J Language Arts 1 Through ESOL (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
1002180: M/J English Language Development (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1006000: M/J Journalism 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1007000: M/J Speech and Debate 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1009030: M/J Writing 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
1100000: M/J Library Skills/Information Literacy (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1700000: M/J Research 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1700060: M/J Career Research and Decision Making (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7810011: Access M/J Language Arts 1  (Specifically in versions: 2013 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1007025: M/J Speech and Debate (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
0800005: M/J Health & Career Planning Grade 6 Year (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
0800035: M/J Health Grade 6 Semester and Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1a: Write an introduction that introduces the writer’s claim within an argument.
LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1b: Create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s claim.
LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1c: Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence from credible sources.
LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1d: Use words, phrases and clauses to link claims and reasons.
LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1e: Provide a concluding statement or section that follows the argument presented.
LAFS.6.W.1.AP.1f: Distinguish claims presented orally or in writing that are supported by reasons and claims that are not.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessments

For It or Against It – Give Me the Facts!:

The student will support his/her claim on a given topic with evidence from credible sources by writing three to four paragraphs. The student will use evidence collected on the “For It or Against It—Tell Me Why” graphic organizer to write the body paragraphs.

Type: Formative Assessment

For It or Against It – I’ve Proved My Point!:

The student will wrap up his or her argument by writing a conclusion paragraph. The student will reiterate what he or she stated in the thesis statement and incorporate a brief summary of the main points made throughout the paper.

Type: Formative Assessment

For It or Against It – Tell Me Why?:

The student will write an argument on a given topic. The student will read one to three sources of informational texts on that topic in order to generate reasons and to gather evidence to support his/her claim(s). The student will organize his/her findings on a directed-note taking graphic organizer. The student will introduce his/her argument and claims through a thoroughly written introductory paragraph. The student will support his/her position on the topic with at least three claims.

Type: Formative Assessment

For It or Against It – Make It Flow:

The student will revise writing to bridge the relationship among his or her claims and reasons by adding words, phrases, and clauses to his or her writing.

Type: Formative Assessment

Is Your Claim on Thin Ice? :

The student will read an informational text and highlight text to identify the author’s claim and relevant supportive text information that serves as evidence of the claim. Using a graphic organizer, the student will record the author’s claims and list the supportive evidence. The student will use the graphic organizer information to plan, organize, and present his or her position in writing about the strength of the author’s claim and supportive text evidence for the claim.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Gr. 6 Lesson 3-Florida’s Limestone–Tums for Our Water and Soil :

Students will conduct a controlled experiment to determine the effect Florida's limestone has on the pH levels of Florida's water and soil. Students will compare limestone's effect to that of other rocks and minerals found naturally in Florida. At the end of this investigation, students should be able to articulate the effect limestone has on the pH of water in Florida, the importance of this phenomenon, and a basic understanding of the process by which limestone affects pH levels in water.

Type: Lesson Plan

Climate and Careers!:

Students will explore chosen outdoor careers and how the careers connect to certain climates based on temperature and precipitation. The guiding question states "How might you use evidence from weather data and dot plot displays to allow you to identify which location's climate would be best for your career and why?" Students will collect data online and display the data using dot plots on posters with analysis using the mean. Students will engage in collaboration throughout. A power point is included with all necessary resources.

Type: Lesson Plan

Conduction, Convection, Radiation! What's the Breeze Now?:

In this lesson students will be exploring how radiant energy causes the temperature of different Earth materials to rise at different rates. Students will observe that this difference in temperature has direct effect on air movement. Students will reach to conceptual understanding of future trends.

Type: Lesson Plan

Views on Freedom: Part 3 of 3:

This final lesson in a three-lesson unit guides students carefully through the entire process of writing an essay based on the concept of freedom and using text evidence from four sources - the poems "Words Like Freedom"/"Refugee in America" and "Sympathy," the nonfiction text "Nelson Mandela Reflects on Working toward Freedom" and the folk tale "The People Could Fly." The lesson consists of a review of the two previous lessons in the series, four days of organizing thoughts and getting teacher and peer feedback on each step in the essay, and producing a final copy. An assignment sheet, detailed organizer for students who need extra support, and rubric are all provided. Students must have completed lessons #1 and #2 in this series to complete this lesson.

Type: Lesson Plan

"The Scribe": A Close Reading Lesson:

This close reading lesson focuses on identifying theme in the short story, "The Scribe" by Kristin Hunter. The lesson incorporates information on the Great Depression and allows students to make a cross-curricular connection between history and language arts. Students will define unfamiliar words using context clues, analyze story elements, and identify stated and implied themes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Philosophical Chairs with Tom Sawyer:

In this lesson, students will close read a short section (chapter 23) of Twain"s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, gathering and organizing evidence to collaboratively defend a position with textual support in a debate-style activity. They will use this experience to assist with the creation of an extended written paragraph addressing the development of theme in Twain"s novel, this time citing evidence in writing to support their assertions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Decisions, Decisions!:

Use tables, graphs and models to represent, analyze and solve real world problems.

Type: Lesson Plan

Vacation:

The purpose of this lesson is to provide students with the opportunity to solve real-world and mathematical problems using add, subtraction, multiply, and divide multi-digit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. They will write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions.

Type: Lesson Plan

I want a cell phone:

Students develop a procedure to select a cell phone based on qualities they think their parents value in a cell phone. Students present their solution in writing to a marketing company, who wishes to use the results to market cell phones to parents of elementary students.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lilys Cola TV Commercial:

Given a tight budget, students need to find the number of people that can be hired to film a soda commercial. Students will make the selection using a table that contains information about two types of extras. The union extra earns more money per hour than the non-union extra; however, the non-union extra needs more time to shoot the commercial than the union extra. In addition, students will select the design that would be used for the commercial taking into account the area that needs to be covered and the aesthetic factor.

Type: Lesson Plan

Let's Ride!:

Let's Ride! is a model-eliciting activity that asks students to use pluses and minuses to indicate if eight models of 4-door sedans meet specific standards based on gas mileage, seating capacity, warranty, and type of engine. The students then have to rank the cars and indicate their top four choices.

Type: Lesson Plan

A Room with a View: Which Characters Reached their Peak Potential in The View from Saturday?:

In this lesson, students will compare two characters from the novel, The View from Saturday, analyzing how many of their physical and emotional needs were met by the time the story ends. This determination will be reached by using Abraham Maslow's "Hierarchy of Needs" as a guide. Students will also explore the influence of gender on how many human needs are reached in someone's lifetime. As a summative assessment, students will compare two characters from the novel, identifying the needs each character fulfilled and interpreting their findings in the form of a written analysis. Students will use their analysis and comparison as the basis for an informal class debate.

Type: Lesson Plan

Vacation Time:

The students will create a package list for a travel company. They must use all operations with decimals as well as compare decimals.

Type: Lesson Plan

Exercising A Right or a Wrong?:

In this lesson, students will debate the issue of whether a character was justly punished for his violation of a school rule: standing in respectful silence during the national anthem. They will assume the identities of administrators, teachers, parents, and students while arguing the issue in a mock PTSA meeting held in a school library or auditorium. In preparation for the debate, students will be asked to speak and write from the perspective of a character, stating their opinions in a slanted or biased way in both a newspaper article and persuasive paragraph using text evidence to support their perspective.

Type: Lesson Plan

Mucho Mulch:

In this MEA students will continue to explore and discuss the problems faced when soil is weathered and eroded away. Through the activity they will explore one of many solutions to this issue. They will also gain more perspective on the importance of considering the choices they make daily and how every choice can and does affect the environment.

Type: Lesson Plan

Teen Cell Phone Plans:

The purpose of this lesson is to solve real-world and mathematical problems using ratio and rate reasoning. Students will also use equivalent forms of decimals, percent applications to solve problems. They will write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Students will engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions.

Type: Lesson Plan

Fancy Fractions Catering Company Project:

Fancy Fractions Catering Company will be hosting a party and need your help to make it happen! Your help is needed to find out how much of each ingredient is needed to feed 200 people and the most economical way of doing this (Brand name brands or store brand). You also have the option of omitting up to three ingredients from the recipe.

Type: Lesson Plan

Best School for Kevin:

In this MEA, the students will compare data to decide which school would be the best for a couple's son who is transferring into the county.

Type: Lesson Plan

Orange Juice Conversion:

In this MEA, the students will be able to convert measurements within systems and between systems. They will be able to use problem solving skills to create a process for ranking orange juices for a Bed and Breakfast.

Type: Lesson Plan

Protecting Our Dunes:

An environmental conservation group is asked to plant vegetation on existing sand dunes in South Florida to reduce the erosion of the dunes. Group members must decide which vegetation is best to plant.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lola's Landscaping MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) asks students to develop a procedure to fit the most amount of plant packages on one sheet of cardboard, using nets and surface area.

Type: Lesson Plan

Earth's Spheres WebQuest:

This WebQuest is designed for 6th grade students. Students will work individually or in pairs to explore interactive websites and answer the questions on their Task Sheet. This is designed as an introduction to Earth's spheres (Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Cryosphere, Biosphere, Geosphere) and how these spheres interact to support life on our planet.

Type: Lesson Plan

Arguing for the Sake of WINNING!:

This lesson is based on teaching 6th graders the art of assertively communicating in argumentative writing. They will use the topic of "Banning Cell Phones in Schools" to practice identifying a topic, exploring the PROS and CONS of the topic, identifying arguments and then supporting those arguments with details and evidence. They will write in the form of an argumentative letter and the culminating activity will be a presentation to the principal of their school, who is considering banning cell phones in the school.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading Exemplar: "The Great Fire":

The goal of this three day exemplar is to give students the opportunity to use the reading and writing habits they've been practicing on a regular basis to explore the historic Great Fire of Chicago. By reading and rereading the passage closely combined with classroom discussion about it, students will explore the historical truths related to poverty, city construction, and city services that led to the disaster. In this reading, students learn about historical disasters, but they may not fully comprehend causes or how human actions, nature, or even luck contributed to them, rendering history a flat subject to be memorized rather than explored. When combined with writing about the passage and teacher feedback, students will better understand the dangers inherent in cities and the government role in mitigating that danger.

Type: Lesson Plan

Counting down from 11: Analysis of Point of View in "Eleven" by Sandra Cisneros:

In this lesson, students create their own definitions of a child and a tween and use their definitions to guide their reading of the short story "Eleven" by Sandra Cisernos. After collecting text evidence, students will develop their own argument about the point of view of the narrator in the story through discussion and writing. In the closing activity, students will also write a found poem.

Type: Lesson Plan

Lincoln the Leader:

In this lesson, students will work cooperatively to read and analyze a poem that describes President Abraham Lincoln. Through teacher led and small-group discussions of "Abraham Lincoln Walks at Midnight by Vachel Lindsay, students will learn vocabulary in context, identify the speaker's point of view, and write an argument presenting and supporting their analysis of the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

State Your Claim:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text…

This tutorial is about stating a claim in an argumentative essay.  The tutorial includes information about grabbers, central ideas, and previewing reasons in a claim.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Using Supporting Examples:

In this tutorial you will practice using supporting details. Each practice gives you a main idea and three possible details. Your job is to choose the detail that best supports the main idea. Each question gives you feedback on why your answer is correct or incorrect.

Type: Tutorial

Unit/Lesson Sequence

Investigating a Mystery in "Chasing Vermeer":

This sixth grade unit is based on the mystery novel Chasing Vermeer by Blue Balliett. Students will analyze clues and motives, study plot, and make predictions while learning about the artist Johannes Vermeer. It includes a complete packet with creative activities, graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Best School for Kevin:

In this MEA, the students will compare data to decide which school would be the best for a couple's son who is transferring into the county.

Decisions, Decisions!:

Use tables, graphs and models to represent, analyze and solve real world problems.

Fancy Fractions Catering Company Project:

Fancy Fractions Catering Company will be hosting a party and need your help to make it happen! Your help is needed to find out how much of each ingredient is needed to feed 200 people and the most economical way of doing this (Brand name brands or store brand). You also have the option of omitting up to three ingredients from the recipe.

I want a cell phone:

Students develop a procedure to select a cell phone based on qualities they think their parents value in a cell phone. Students present their solution in writing to a marketing company, who wishes to use the results to market cell phones to parents of elementary students.

Let's Ride!:

Let's Ride! is a model-eliciting activity that asks students to use pluses and minuses to indicate if eight models of 4-door sedans meet specific standards based on gas mileage, seating capacity, warranty, and type of engine. The students then have to rank the cars and indicate their top four choices.

Lilys Cola TV Commercial:

Given a tight budget, students need to find the number of people that can be hired to film a soda commercial. Students will make the selection using a table that contains information about two types of extras. The union extra earns more money per hour than the non-union extra; however, the non-union extra needs more time to shoot the commercial than the union extra. In addition, students will select the design that would be used for the commercial taking into account the area that needs to be covered and the aesthetic factor.

Lola's Landscaping MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) asks students to develop a procedure to fit the most amount of plant packages on one sheet of cardboard, using nets and surface area.

Mucho Mulch:

In this MEA students will continue to explore and discuss the problems faced when soil is weathered and eroded away. Through the activity they will explore one of many solutions to this issue. They will also gain more perspective on the importance of considering the choices they make daily and how every choice can and does affect the environment.

Orange Juice Conversion:

In this MEA, the students will be able to convert measurements within systems and between systems. They will be able to use problem solving skills to create a process for ranking orange juices for a Bed and Breakfast.

Protecting Our Dunes:

An environmental conservation group is asked to plant vegetation on existing sand dunes in South Florida to reduce the erosion of the dunes. Group members must decide which vegetation is best to plant.

Teen Cell Phone Plans:

The purpose of this lesson is to solve real-world and mathematical problems using ratio and rate reasoning. Students will also use equivalent forms of decimals, percent applications to solve problems. They will write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Students will engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions.

Vacation:

The purpose of this lesson is to provide students with the opportunity to solve real-world and mathematical problems using add, subtraction, multiply, and divide multi-digit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. They will write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions.

Vacation Time:

The students will create a package list for a travel company. They must use all operations with decimals as well as compare decimals.

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

State Your Claim:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text…

This tutorial is about stating a claim in an argumentative essay.  The tutorial includes information about grabbers, central ideas, and previewing reasons in a claim.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

State Your Claim:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text…

This tutorial is about stating a claim in an argumentative essay.  The tutorial includes information about grabbers, central ideas, and previewing reasons in a claim.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Using Supporting Examples:

In this tutorial you will practice using supporting details. Each practice gives you a main idea and three possible details. Your job is to choose the detail that best supports the main idea. Each question gives you feedback on why your answer is correct or incorrect.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.