LAFS.6.RI.3.8

Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 6
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , EBSR , MS , ST , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to trace or evaluate the argument or claims in a section of the text or throughout the entire text. Items may focus on distinguishing arguments or claims that are supported with evidence from those that are not. Items should not exclusively ask the student to identify the argument or claims in a text.
  • Text Types :
    Items assessing this standard may be used with one ormore grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess thisstandard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims,distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text

    • Requires the student to select claims that are supported by reasons and evidence.
    • Requires the student to select sentences from two sections of text that best further the speaker’s argument.
    • Requires the student to select claims from two sections of text that are supported by reasons and evidence. 
    EBSR
    • Requires the student to select an evaluation of the text and then to select words or phrases from the text to support the evaluation selected. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select the correct evaluation of an argument or claim in the text. 

    Multiselect

    • Requires the student to select multiple claims that are supported by reasons or evidence. 

    Table Match

    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching the author’s claims with supporting evidence from the text.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
0800000: M/J Health Grade 6 Year (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
0800030: M/J Health Grade 6 Semester (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
0500000: M/J Personal, Career, and School Development Skills 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
0500002: M/J Personal, Career, School Development Skills 1 & Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1000000: M/J Intensive Language Arts (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1000010: M/J Intensive Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1000020: M/J Intensive Reading and Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
1001010: M/J Language Arts 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1001020: M/J Language Arts 1 Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1002000: M/J Language Arts 1 Through ESOL (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
1002180: M/J English Language Development (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1006000: M/J Journalism 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1007000: M/J Speech and Debate 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1008010: M/J Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (course terminated))
1008020: M/J Reading 1, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (course terminated))
1100000: M/J Library Skills/Information Literacy (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1700000: M/J Research 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1700060: M/J Career Research and Decision Making (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7810011: Access M/J Language Arts 1  (Specifically in versions: 2013 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1002181: M/J Developmental Language Arts Through ESOL (Reading) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
1007025: M/J Speech and Debate (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
0800005: M/J Health & Career Planning Grade 6 Year (Specifically in versions: 2019 and beyond (current))
0800035: M/J Health Grade 6 Semester and Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2020 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.8a: Identify an argument or claim that the author makes.
LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.8b: Evaluate the claim or argument; determine if it is supported by evidence.
LAFS.6.RI.3.AP.8c: Distinguish claims or arguments from those that are supported by evidence from those that are not.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessments

Do You Believe Our Library is in Trouble?:

The student will demonstrate his or her ability to evaluate an argument in a piece of informational text by locating reasons and evidence for provided supporting claims in the text and recording it on a graphic organizer. The student will then use this evidence to determine if there is strong support for that claim, if there is weak support for that claim, or if there is no support for that claim.

Type: Formative Assessment

Is Your Claim on Thin Ice? :

The student will read an informational text and highlight text to identify the author’s claim and relevant supportive text information that serves as evidence of the claim. Using a graphic organizer, the student will record the author’s claims and list the supportive evidence. The student will use the graphic organizer information to plan, organize, and present his or her position in writing about the strength of the author’s claim and supportive text evidence for the claim.

Type: Formative Assessment

Name It, Claim It!:

The student will read an informational text and identify the author’s argument and claims by highlighting this information. Then, students will record the author’s argument and specific claims on the graphic organizer.

Type: Formative Assessment

Researching the Justices:

The student will read an informational text and highlight text to identify the author’s claim and relevant supportive text information that serves as reasons and evidence of the claim. The student will record the author’s claims and list the supportive evidence.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plan

Obama: The Editorials:

This lesson is part three of a three-part unit that describes the importance of teamwork to resolve life's issues and problems. The goal of this lesson is to compare and contrast two editorials that both describe President Barack Obama's State of the Union address. Students will use close reading, questioning, cooperative learning, note-taking, graphic organizers and discussion in order to get ready for the summative assessment: a debate as a culminating performance task to address the issue of working together to achieve unity.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

What's for Lunch?:

Learn how writers and speakers create arguments by stating a claim and backing it up with reasons and evidence. In this interactive tutorial, you'll hear speeches from candidates for Student Council President and complete practice exercises.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Arguments: Making Claims & Using Evidence:

Learn to evaluate argumentative claims based on evidence with this interactive tutorial.  You'll also learn about statistics, facts, expert quotations, and anecdotes, and how each kind of evidence can strengthen an argument.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Weighing the Evidence: Supporting Claims in Arguments:

In this interactive tutorial, you'll study written arguments and look at four kinds of evidence that can be used to support an argumentative claim: facts, statistics, anecdotes, and expert quotations.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

Arguments: Making Claims & Using Evidence:

Learn to evaluate argumentative claims based on evidence with this interactive tutorial.  You'll also learn about statistics, facts, expert quotations, and anecdotes, and how each kind of evidence can strengthen an argument.  

Weighing the Evidence: Supporting Claims in Arguments:

In this interactive tutorial, you'll study written arguments and look at four kinds of evidence that can be used to support an argumentative claim: facts, statistics, anecdotes, and expert quotations.  

What's for Lunch?:

Learn how writers and speakers create arguments by stating a claim and backing it up with reasons and evidence. In this interactive tutorial, you'll hear speeches from candidates for Student Council President and complete practice exercises.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

What's for Lunch?:

Learn how writers and speakers create arguments by stating a claim and backing it up with reasons and evidence. In this interactive tutorial, you'll hear speeches from candidates for Student Council President and complete practice exercises.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Arguments: Making Claims & Using Evidence:

Learn to evaluate argumentative claims based on evidence with this interactive tutorial.  You'll also learn about statistics, facts, expert quotations, and anecdotes, and how each kind of evidence can strengthen an argument.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Weighing the Evidence: Supporting Claims in Arguments:

In this interactive tutorial, you'll study written arguments and look at four kinds of evidence that can be used to support an argumentative claim: facts, statistics, anecdotes, and expert quotations.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.