LAFS.6.RI.2.5

Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 6
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , EBSR , ST , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to analyze the purpose ofspecific sentences, paragraphs, chapters, or sections. Items may ask the student to consider the effect of a particular sentence,paragraph, chapter, or section on the overall structure and meaning. Items should focus on how specific structural elements work together and/or help to develop ideas.
  • Text Types :
    Items assessing this standard may be used with one ormore grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Explain how a specific element contributes to overall structure and development of the text’s ideas. The part of text to be analyzed may be provided.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text

    • Requires the student to select sentences or phrases in the text that contribute to the development of a particular theme, setting, or plot.
    • Requires the student to select a sentence, chapter, paragraph, or section of a text and then select a description of how it fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the text’s ideas. 
    EBSR
    • Requires the student to select sentences or phrases from the text and then to select an explanation for how they contribute to the development of the text’s structure and meaning. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select how a sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section contributes to overall structure and meaning. 
    Table Match
    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching text elements to explanations of how they develop the text’s ideas.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
1000000: M/J Intensive Language Arts (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1000010: M/J Intensive Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1000020: M/J Intensive Reading and Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1001010: M/J Language Arts 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1001020: M/J Language Arts 1 Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1002000: M/J Language Arts 1 Through ESOL (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
1002180: M/J English Language Development (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1008010: M/J Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (course terminated))
1008020: M/J Reading 1, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (course terminated))
1100000: M/J Library Skills/Information Literacy (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1700060: M/J Career Research and Decision Making (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7810011: Access M/J Language Arts 1  (Specifically in versions: 2013 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1002181: M/J Developmental Language Arts Through ESOL (Reading) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5a: Use signal words as a means of locating information.
LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5b: Outline a given text to show how ideas build upon one another.
LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5c: Determine the structure of a text (e.g., chronological order, cause/effect, compare/contrast, problem/solution).
LAFS.6.RI.2.AP.5d: Determine how the information in each section contributes to the whole or to the development of ideas.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessments

Importance of a Section to the Whole:

The student will analyze a passage with a problem and solution text structure and complete a graphic organizer. The student will annotate the passage for words, phrases, and sentences that help develop the central idea and fit into the overall text structure.

Type: Formative Assessment

Analyzing The Story of the Teddy Bear:

The student will read “The Story of the Teddy Bear” and analyze each paragraph’s structure. Then the student will use this analysis to explain how a specific paragraph fits into the overall structure of the text and best contributes to the central idea of the text.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plan

I've Got It Covered! Creating Magazine Covers to Summarize Text:

Students can improve their comprehension of content area textbooks by summarizing chapters in the form of magazine covers. The lesson begins by asking students to examine a magazine and discuss the ways in which the magazine cover's headlines and graphics express the main ideas of its articles. They then review a chapter in a content area textbook and use an interactive tool to create a magazine cover that summarizes the textbook information. This process enables students to form connections and create visual representations to share information. Although the focus is on informational texts, this assignment could potentially be expanded to include other types of text as well.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Parts of a Whole:

Learn how nonfiction informational texts have a structure, that signal words can serve as your clues to determine that structure, and that parts of a text contribute to the development of the whole text structure with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Unit/Lesson Sequences

Using "The Bully" by Paul Langan to Teach Tolerance:

This unit plan uses the book "The Bully" by Paul Langan, which is from the Bluford series, to teach tolerance. There are a plethora of resources and activities including graphic organizers, reflective journals, and reader's theater. Students work together to gain an understanding of the effects of bullying and an awareness of this important issue.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Investigating a Mystery in "Chasing Vermeer":

This sixth grade unit is based on the mystery novel Chasing Vermeer by Blue Balliett. Students will analyze clues and motives, study plot, and make predictions while learning about the artist Johannes Vermeer. It includes a complete packet with creative activities, graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Examining an Autobiography: "The Lost Garden" by Laurence Yep:

This is a sixth grade unit on Laurence Yep's autobiography, The Lost Garden. Students analyze author's purpose and the key characteristics of an autobiography. This unit contains a student packet, pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and sample student responses. In addition, this unit includes instructional techniques such as a PIES chart, a T chart, and more!

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Analyzing an Autobiography through "Rosa Parks: My Story":

This sixth grade unit on Rosa Parks is a thorough examination of an autobiographical novel and includes the study of author's purpose, main idea, and fact and opinion. It includes a student packet, graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and a unit assessment with sample responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

Parts of a Whole:

Learn how nonfiction informational texts have a structure, that signal words can serve as your clues to determine that structure, and that parts of a text contribute to the development of the whole text structure with this interactive tutorial.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Parts of a Whole:

Learn how nonfiction informational texts have a structure, that signal words can serve as your clues to determine that structure, and that parts of a text contribute to the development of the whole text structure with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.