LAFS.6.RL.1.3

Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 6
Strand: Reading Standards for Literature
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: TM , EBSR , MS , ST , MC item(s)

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to use details from the text to explain how a character responds as the plot unfolds. Items may ask how a story’s plot develops over time. Items may ask for support that is directly stated in the text or ask the student to drawinferences. Items should not ask general questions about plot and character.
  • Text Types :
    Items assessing this standard may be used with one ormore grade-appropriate literary texts. Texts may vary incomplexity
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Interpret details from the text to make or support an analysis about plot or character development. The inference may be provided.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text

    • Requires the student to select words or phrases from the text that provide details to support an inference about character or plot development.
    • Requires the student to select details from two portions of the text to show how a character changes or how a plot unfolds overtime. 
    EBSR
    • Requires the student to select an analysis about character and/or plot development and then to select words or phrases from the text that provide support for the analysis. 

    Multiple Choice

    • Requires the student to select an analysis about character and/or plot development. 
    Multiselect
    • Requires the student to select multiple details to support an analysis of character and/or plot development. 
    Table Match
    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching analyses of character or plot development with supporting details from the text.

    Task Demand

    Determine how a character responds to key events in a story’s plot or changes as the story progresses. The key events may be provided.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text

    • Requires the student to select words or phrases from the text that provide details to support an inference about how a character responds to key events in the story.
    • Requires the student to select details from two portions of the text to show how a character changes or how a plot unfolds over time. 
    EBSR
    • Requires the student to select an analysis about how a character changes or responds to key events and then to select words or phrases from the text that provide support for the analysis. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select a correct inference about how a character responds to key events in the story. 
    Table Match
    • Requires the student to complete a table by matching analyses of how a character changes or responds to key events with supporting details from the text.

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
1000000: M/J Intensive Language Arts (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1000010: M/J Intensive Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1000020: M/J Intensive Reading and Career Planning (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
1001010: M/J Language Arts 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1001020: M/J Language Arts 1 Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
1002000: M/J Language Arts 1 Through ESOL (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
1002180: M/J English Language Development (MC) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1008010: M/J Reading 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (course terminated))
1008020: M/J Reading 1, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (course terminated))
1009000: M/J Creative Writing 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
7810011: Access M/J Language Arts 1  (Specifically in versions: 2013 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
1002181: M/J Developmental Language Arts Through ESOL (Reading) (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.6.RL.1.AP.3a: Describe how the plot unfolds in a story.
LAFS.6.RL.1.AP.3b: Analyze a character’s interactions throughout a story as they relate to conflict and resolution.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessments

Unfolding the Literary Fabric:

The student will read a literary passage using active reading strategies to examine how the plot unfolds and how characters change and/or respond. After the teacher facilitates a class discussion, the student will complete a graphic organizer to note plot development and character development. When the graphic organizer is completed, the student will use his/her observations to create a plot point and character development timeline on an “unfolding” piece of paper.

Type: Formative Assessment

Skating Toward the Resolution:

The student will read a literary text and identify the characters and plot points. The student will describe how the plot unfolds and how the main character changes as the plot moves toward a resolution by creating a character development map for the main character in the text.

Type: Formative Assessment

Characters Respond and Plot Unfolds:

The student will read a literary text and determine how the character(s) respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.

Type: Formative Assessment

How Nanira Responds:

The student will read a literary passage using active reading strategies. After the teacher facilitates a class discussion, the student will complete a plot diagram graphic organizer. When the graphic organizer is completed, the student will write to explain how the main character in the text responded during each plot point.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

"The Scribe": A Close Reading Lesson:

This close reading lesson focuses on identifying theme in the short story, "The Scribe" by Kristin Hunter. The lesson incorporates information on the Great Depression and allows students to make a cross-curricular connection between history and language arts. Students will define unfamiliar words using context clues, analyze story elements, and identify stated and implied themes.

Type: Lesson Plan

Action Is Character: Exploring Character Traits with Adjectives:

Students gain a deeper understanding of characters from a novel they have read by creating charts linking characters' actions with the characters' traits. Then they explore adjectives that describe character traits using a variety of resources. Next, students use their analysis of the characters and their knowledge of adjectives to create descriptive lists for three other characters from the point of view of one particular character. Finally, they play a game in which the class tries to identify which character is described by the students' adjective lists. This activity is effective using any story with rich characterization.

Type: Lesson Plan

Conflict Drives the Plot:

The objective of this lesson is to review and reinforce the elements of a short story. The importance of the conflict is emphasized to show how it fuels the action of the story to keep it moving toward the resolution. The setting and characters are also important elements that affect what happens. The students will use a variety of illustrations, sentence descriptions, and a quote from the story to portray the action chronologically in a plot diagram. The students will also write a paragraph explaining how the conflict drives the plot toward the resolution using support from the text.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Secret Life Continues: An Analytical Extension of the Secret Life of Walter Mitty:

Students read James Thurber's short story "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty." They will read closely to analyze text structure. The lesson will culminate with them creating their own daydreams for Walter Mitty.

Type: Lesson Plan

Close Reading Exemplar: "The Great Fire":

The goal of this three day exemplar is to give students the opportunity to use the reading and writing habits they've been practicing on a regular basis to explore the historic Great Fire of Chicago. By reading and rereading the passage closely combined with classroom discussion about it, students will explore the historical truths related to poverty, city construction, and city services that led to the disaster. In this reading, students learn about historical disasters, but they may not fully comprehend causes or how human actions, nature, or even luck contributed to them, rendering history a flat subject to be memorized rather than explored. When combined with writing about the passage and teacher feedback, students will better understand the dangers inherent in cities and the government role in mitigating that danger.

Type: Lesson Plan

The Rise of the Mongoose: Using "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" in the Classroom:

In this lesson, students will study the short story "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" by Rudyard Kipling. The class will work together to read the first two pages of the story aloud and the teacher will conduct a think aloud to model strategies to determine the meaning of selected vocabulary in context. The class will also answer comprehension questions about the first two pages and discuss their understandings. Students will then work in partners or small groups for the next set of pages, reading the story aloud, using different strategies to determine the meaning of highlighted words in context, and answering questions about the story. After a group discussion, students will work to continue the process independently, examining vocabulary and answering comprehension questions for the last part of the story. The summative assessment will require students to write two extended paragraphs conceptualizing their understanding of key parts of the story and its main character, Rikki. The story, student handouts, a teacher key, a rubric, and a link to a video clip on the mongoose and a cobra are included.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Analyzing Events and Characters in the Beginning of Stargirl:

Learn how characters' actions and responses develop the main characters and advance the plot during key events in the beginning of the novel Stargirl by Jerry Spinelli with this interactive tutorial.

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Crooked Election: Character & Story Development:

Read a story called “A Crooked Election" and learn to describe how the plot of a story unfolds in a series of episodes. In this interactive tutorial, you will also explore how the characters change and evolve throughout the plot of a story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Teaching Idea

The Lightning Thief Novel Study:

This is a complete unit covering The Lightning Thief. It includes a chapter by chapter study with a strong emphasis on vocabulary and detail.

Type: Teaching Idea

Tutorials

Hero's Journey:

In this tutorial from ReadWriteThink, you will learn about the hero's journey, an ancient story pattern that can be found in texts from thousands of years ago to newly released Hollywood blockbusters. This interactive tool will provide you with the background of the hero's journey and give you a chance to explore several of the journey's key elements. Also, you can use the tool to record examples from a hero's journey you have read or viewed or to plan out a hero's journey of your own.

Type: Tutorial

Literary Elements Map:

In this tutorial from ReadWriteThink, students will use a set of graphic organizers to focus on the key elements of literature, such as character, setting, conflict, and resolution development for the text they are reading. After completing individual sections or the entire organizer, the student will also have the ability to print out the final versions for feedback and assessment.

Type: Tutorial

Unit/Lesson Sequences

Using "The Bully" by Paul Langan to Teach Tolerance:

This unit plan uses the book "The Bully" by Paul Langan, which is from the Bluford series, to teach tolerance. There are a plethora of resources and activities including graphic organizers, reflective journals, and reader's theater. Students work together to gain an understanding of the effects of bullying and an awareness of this important issue.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

A Study of "America Street: A Multicultural Anthology of Stories":

This is a sixth grade unit using the collection of short stories in "America Street: A Multicultural Anthology of Stories" by Anne Mazer. Students will examine point of view, multiple perspectives, character development, and setting in these varied texts. This unit includes a complete packet with graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Investigating a Mystery in "Chasing Vermeer":

This sixth grade unit is based on the mystery novel Chasing Vermeer by Blue Balliett. Students will analyze clues and motives, study plot, and make predictions while learning about the artist Johannes Vermeer. It includes a complete packet with creative activities, graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

A Study of Science and Fantasy Fiction in A Wrinkle in Time:

This is a sixth grade unit on the sci-fi novel A Wrinkle in Time by Madeline L'Engle. Students will examine the characteristics of scientific and futuristic fiction including vocabulary, setting, and plot development. This unit includes a complete packet with graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Exploring Verse Novels with "Keeping the Night Watch" and "Chess Rumble" :

This is a sixth grade unit on the verse novels Keeping the Night Watch by Hope Anita Smith and Chess Rumble by G. Neri. This unit explores narrative and lyric poetry, figurative language, author's purpose, voice, and symbolism. It includes games, graphic organizers, and a complete student packet, and includes a pacing guide and assessment with sample student answers.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Figurative Language and Author's Purpose in "Home of the Brave" by Katherine Applegate:

This is a sixth grade unit on the verse novel Home of the Brave by Katherine Applegate. This unit explores narrative and lyric poetry, figurative language, author's purpose, voice, and symbolism. It is rich with games, graphic organizers, and a complete student packet and includes a pacing guide and assessment with sample student answers.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Drawing Conclusions and Solving Mysteries in “Sammy Keyes and the Hollywood Mummy”:

This is a sixth grade unit on the mystery novel Sammy Keyes and the Hollywood Mummy by Wendelin Van Draanen. Students will analyze characters, study the plot, make predictions, and draw conclusions to solve a mystery in this forensic-themed unit. This unit includes a complete packet with graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Analyzing Characters and Making Predictions in "Sammy Keyes and the Hotel Thief":

This is a sixth grade unit on the mystery novel Sammy Keyes and the Hotel Thief by Wendelin Van Draanen. Students will analyze characters, study the plot, and make predictions in this forensic-themed unit. This unit includes a complete packet with graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key and possible student responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

"The House on Mango Street": A Short Story Unit Examining Point of View, Perspective, and Plot:

This is a sixth grade unit using the short stories in The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros to identify point of view, interpret a character's perspective, and utilize plot elements to retell a story. This unit includes several graphic organizers, an assessment, and an answer key with sample responses.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Analyzing the Mystery Novel "The Westing Game" by Ellen Raskin:

This is a sixth grade unit on the mystery novel "The Westing Game" by Ellen Raskin. Students will analyze the character's motives, identify clues to solve the mystery, make predictions about the conclusion, and identify 'red herrings'. This unit on detective fiction includes a complete packet with graphic organizers, a pacing guide, and an assessment with answer key.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades 6-12

A Crooked Election: Character & Story Development:

Read a story called “A Crooked Election" and learn to describe how the plot of a story unfolds in a series of episodes. In this interactive tutorial, you will also explore how the characters change and evolve throughout the plot of a story.

Analyzing Events and Characters in the Beginning of Stargirl:

Learn how characters' actions and responses develop the main characters and advance the plot during key events in the beginning of the novel Stargirl by Jerry Spinelli with this interactive tutorial.

 

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Analyzing Events and Characters in the Beginning of Stargirl:

Learn how characters' actions and responses develop the main characters and advance the plot during key events in the beginning of the novel Stargirl by Jerry Spinelli with this interactive tutorial.

 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

A Crooked Election: Character & Story Development:

Read a story called “A Crooked Election" and learn to describe how the plot of a story unfolds in a series of episodes. In this interactive tutorial, you will also explore how the characters change and evolve throughout the plot of a story.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Hero's Journey:

In this tutorial from ReadWriteThink, you will learn about the hero's journey, an ancient story pattern that can be found in texts from thousands of years ago to newly released Hollywood blockbusters. This interactive tool will provide you with the background of the hero's journey and give you a chance to explore several of the journey's key elements. Also, you can use the tool to record examples from a hero's journey you have read or viewed or to plan out a hero's journey of your own.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.