LAFS.1.L.3.5

With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding, word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
  1. Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
  2. Define words by category and by one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat with stripes).
  3. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy).
  4. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.
General Information
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 1
Strand: Language Standards
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5010010: English for Speakers of Other Languages-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
5010020: Basic Skills in Reading-K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
5010030: Functional Basic Skills in Communications-Elementary (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
5010042: Language Arts - Grade One (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2021 (current), 2021 and beyond)
7710012: Access Language Arts - Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
LAFS.1.L.3.AP.5a: With guidance and support, identify the category for a given word (e.g., a duck is a bird).
LAFS.1.L.3.AP.5b: With guidance and support, sort labeled objects into categories (e.g., shapes, food) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
LAFS.1.L.3.AP.5c: With guidance and support from adults, sort words or picture cards with words into categories (e.g., shapes, food) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
LAFS.1.L.3.AP.5d: With guidance and support, use newly acquired words in real-life context.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plan

Reading with Our Eyes, Fingers, Toes, Ears and Nose:

In this lesson, students are learning to identify sensory words in their reading, specifically in poetry. Students will gain a perspective on how authors use sensory words to portray their ideas. They will learn to sort describing words based on the five senses. This lesson gives students a chance to write their own sensory poem.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

The Places You'll Go!:

Meet amazing characters that will teach you how to define, or understand the meaning of words, by category and by using key attributes, or words that describe.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Student Center Activities

Vocabulary: Abbreviation Match-Up:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify abbreviations.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Synonym-Antonym Connections:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify synonyms and antonyms.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Opposites Attract:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify antonyms.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Synonym Dominoes:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify synonyms.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Another Word:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify antonyms in context.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Semantic Feature Analysis:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify similarities and differences between the meaning of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Word Connections:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify similarities and differences between the meanings of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Action Word Ring Sort:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify the meaning of verbs.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Choose and Chat:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will use adjectives to describe objects.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: About Me:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will use adjectives to describe himself or herself and others.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Go Fish for Homophones:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify homophones.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Overhead Antonyms:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify antonyms.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Synonym Spider:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify synonyms.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Contraction Connection:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify the meaning of contractions.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Memory Word Match:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify the meaning of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Alike and Different:


In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify similarities and differences between the meanings of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Attribute Analysis:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify similarities and differences between the meanings of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Categor-Ring:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify and sort words by categories.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Category Cube:


In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will produce words for categories.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Category Sort:


In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will produce categories and corresponding words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Concept Connection:


In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify similarities and differences between the meanings of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Contraction Bingo!:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify contractions.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Cube Word Sort:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will sort words by categories.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Extreme Words:


In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify the relationship among words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Homophone Hunt:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify homophones.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Same and Different:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify similarities and differences between the meanings of words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Transportation Key Sort:

In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will sort words by categories.

Type: Student Center Activity

Vocabulary: Word Wake-Up:


In this FCRR Student Center Activity, the student will identify more precise alternatives for overused words.

Type: Student Center Activity

Teaching Idea

Learn New Words:

This is a sample lesson that can be applied to any book to help students learn new vocabulary words.

Type: Teaching Idea

Original Student Tutorials for Language Arts - Grades K-5

The Places You'll Go!:

Meet amazing characters that will teach you how to define, or understand the meaning of words, by category and by using key attributes, or words that describe.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

The Places You'll Go!:

Meet amazing characters that will teach you how to define, or understand the meaning of words, by category and by using key attributes, or words that describe.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.