### Remarks

**Examples of Opportunities for In-Depth Focus**

When students work toward meeting this standard, they combine prior understanding of multiplication with deepening understanding of the base-ten system of units to express the product of two multi-digit numbers as another multi-digit number. This work will continue in grade 5 and culminate in fluency with the standard algorithms in grade 6.

**Subject Area:**Mathematics

**Grade:**4

**Domain-Subdomain:**Number and Operations in Base Ten

**Cluster:**Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts

**Cluster:**Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. (Major Cluster) -

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

**Date Adopted or Revised:**02/14

**Date of Last Rating:**02/14

**Status:**State Board Approved - Archived

**Assessed:**Yes

**Assessment Limits :**

Items may require multiplying: four digits by one digit, three digits by one digit, two digits by one digit, or two digits by two digits.**Calculator :**No

**Context :**No context

**Test Item #:**Sample Item 1**Question:**Select all the expressions that have a product of 420.

**Difficulty:**N/A**Type:**MS: Multiselect

**Test Item #:**Sample Item 2**Question:**This question has

**two**parts.Two numbers are multiplied using the area model shown.

**Part A**. What is the value of the missing number in the area model?**Part B**. What is the product of the two numbers represented by the area model?**Difficulty:**N/A**Type:**EE: Equation Editor

## Related Courses

## Related Access Points

## Related Resources

## Educational Games

## Educational Software / Tool

## Formative Assessments

## Lesson Plans

## Original Student Tutorials

## Problem-Solving Tasks

## Tutorials

## STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

This MEA allows students to explore the creation of a model to rank hotels. Students are presented with the first part of the problem and the data which includes cost, meals served, pet friendly, and closeness to highway. They will determine which hotel will receive their highest recommendation. The second part of the task adds two hotels and additional data related to discounts. Students need to apply and test their model and make modifications as needed. All findings are submitted to the client in writing. Students may use this information to plan a family vacation researching which hotels they might stay in as they travel.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this Model Eliciting Activity, MEA, the students will be asked to assist a discount shoe store owner, who is planning a one day sale promotion, to choose a famous brand shoe to feature for the one day sale. Students will determine which one will bring in more customers, as well as provide the most profit. Students will need to read a data table, calculate the total profit margin per pair, and the total sales potential profit margin determined by the number of sneakers in stock. Students will also need to consider comfort, durability, and specific details about each brand. A twist is added to the problem when additional stock items are added, plus one of the brands is removed and two new brands are added.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this Model Eliciting Activity, MEA, students will create a procedure for ranking laptops for students for a company named "Loaning Out Laptops." Students must consider ergonomics, portability, memory, and cost.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

In this MEA, students will decide which entertainer an owner of an entertainment company should hire. They will base their decisions on information provided on resumes. Students will calculate the cost of hiring the entertainer (multiplication of whole numbers) as well as compare the statistics of their talent competitions and attendance turn-out (comparing fractions). Students will write letters to the owner of the entertainment company ranking the entertainers and providing explanation and justification of their strategy for doing so.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem, while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought process. MEAs follow a problem-based, student centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEA’s visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

This MEA asks students to take on the job of a tennis pro and decide which factors are most important in choosing a facility to take tennis lessons. Students will perform math calculations, create a two-column table for hours and minutes, develop a procedure to rank facilities, and provide written feedback through letters to a parent whose child needs group tennis lessons and writes letters to ask for advice. They will rank their choices from "best to worst" tennis lesson facilities. Students will provide a detailed written explanation for how they decided to rank factors and their solution for rating tennis lesson facilities.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. MEAs resemble engineering problems and encourage students to create solutions in the form of mathematical and scientific models. Students work in teams to apply their knowledge of science and mathematics to solve an open-ended problem while considering constraints and tradeoffs. Students integrate their ELA skills into MEAs as they are asked to clearly document their thought processes. MEAs follow a problem-based, student-centered approach to learning, where students are encouraged to grapple with the problem while the teacher acts as a facilitator. To learn more about MEAs visit: https://www.cpalms.org/cpalms/mea.aspx

## MFAS Formative Assessments

Students are asked to multiply a four-digit number by a one-digit number and two, two-digit numbers using an array or area model.

Students are asked to solve two multiplication problems using a partial products strategy.

Students are asked to multiply a four-digit number by a one-digit number using a strategy based on place value.

Students are asked to multiply a pair of two-digit numbers using a strategy based on place value.

## Original Student Tutorials Mathematics - Grades K-5

See the magical power of area models when multiplying multi-digit numbers in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a 3-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 1: Arrays**- Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 2: Area Models (Current Tutorial)
**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 3: Recording Partial Products**

Learn to use arrays to solve multi-digit multiplication problems in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a 3-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

Calculate the product of multi-digit factors by decomposing factors and recording partial products in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 3 in a 3-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 1: Arrays****Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 2: Area Models**- Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 3: Recording Partial Products (current tutorial)

## Student Resources

## Original Student Tutorials

Calculate the product of multi-digit factors by decomposing factors and recording partial products in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 3 in a 3-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 1: Arrays****Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 2: Area Models**- Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 3: Recording Partial Products (current tutorial)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

See the magical power of area models when multiplying multi-digit numbers in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 2 in a 3-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 1: Arrays**- Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 2: Area Models (Current Tutorial)
**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 3: Recording Partial Products**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Learn to use arrays to solve multi-digit multiplication problems in this interactive tutorial.

This is part 1 in a 3-part series. Click below to open the other tutorials in the series.

**Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 1: Arrays****Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 2: Area Models****Multi-Digit Multiplication Magic Part 3: Recording Partial Products**

Type: Original Student Tutorial

## Educational Games

In this activity, students play a game of connect four, but to place a piece on the board they have to correctly estimate an addition, multiplication, or percentage problem. Students can adjust the difficulty of the problems as well as how close the estimate has to be to the actual result. This activity allows students to practice estimating addition, multiplication, and percentages of large numbers (100s). This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Educational Game

In this activity, students are quizzed on their ability to estimate sums, products, and percentages. The student can adjust the difficulty of the problems and how close they have to be to the actual answer. This activity allows students to practice estimating addition, multiplication, or percentages of large numbers. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Educational Game

## Educational Software / Tool

In this activity, students solve arithmetic problems involving whole numbers, integers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. This activity allows students to track their progress in learning how to perform arithmetic on whole numbers and integers. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

Type: Educational Software / Tool

## Problem-Solving Tasks

The purpose of this task is to give students a better understanding of multiplicative comparison word problems with money.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to generate a classroom discussion that helps students synthesize what they have learned about multiplication in previous grades. It builds on applying properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide and interpreting a multiplication equation as a comparison.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Tutorials

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view a demonstration of how to set-up an area model for multiplying a two-digit number by a two-digit number on graph or grid paper and then link this to the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, view an example of how to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number using the area model. The video makes a connection between partial products and the area model.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view an example and a description of how the distributive property can be used to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number. The second example uses the area model with the distributive property.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy video tutorial, view an example of multiplying a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number by expanding the 4-digit number and multiplying by each digit individually in an area model. This video will help to build an understanding before teaching the standard algorithm. Multiplying with a 4-digit factor is larger than some standards which limit factors to 3-digits.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, view an example of how to multiply a 2-digit number by another 2-digit number. Be sure to stick around for the second example! The key is understanding the value of each digit!

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view an example of how to solve a problem in which a **3-digit** number is being multiplied by a 1-digit number using the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view an example of how to solve a multiplication problem with a two-digit number multiplied by a one-digit number using the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial

## Parent Resources

## Problem-Solving Tasks

The purpose of this task is to give students a better understanding of multiplicative comparison word problems with money.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

The purpose of this task is to generate a classroom discussion that helps students synthesize what they have learned about multiplication in previous grades. It builds on applying properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide and interpreting a multiplication equation as a comparison.

Type: Problem-Solving Task

## Tutorials

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view a demonstration of how to set-up an area model for multiplying a two-digit number by a two-digit number on graph or grid paper and then link this to the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, view an example of how to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number using the area model. The video makes a connection between partial products and the area model.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view an example and a description of how the distributive property can be used to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number. The second example uses the area model with the distributive property.

Type: Tutorial

In this Khan Academy video tutorial, view an example of multiplying a 4-digit number by a 1-digit number by expanding the 4-digit number and multiplying by each digit individually in an area model. This video will help to build an understanding before teaching the standard algorithm. Multiplying with a 4-digit factor is larger than some standards which limit factors to 3-digits.

Type: Tutorial

In this tutorial video from Khan Academy, view an example of how to multiply a 2-digit number by another 2-digit number. Be sure to stick around for the second example! The key is understanding the value of each digit!

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view an example of how to solve a problem in which a **3-digit** number is being multiplied by a 1-digit number using the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial

In this video tutorial from Khan Academy, view an example of how to solve a multiplication problem with a two-digit number multiplied by a one-digit number using the standard algorithm.

Type: Tutorial