SS.912.A.4.3

Examine causes, course, and consequences of the Spanish American War.

Clarifications

Examples may include, but are not limited to, Cuba as a protectorate, Yellow Journalism, sinking of the Maine, the Philippines, Commodore Dewey, the Rough Riders, acqusition of territories, the Treaty of Paris.

This benchmark is annually evaluated on the United States History End-of-Course Assessment. For more information on how this benchmark is evaluated view the United States History End-of-Course Assessment Test Item Specifications pages 27-28. Additional resources may be found on the FLDOE End-of-Course (EOC) Assessments webpage and the FLDOE Social Studies webpage.
General Information
Subject Area: Social Studies
Grade: 912
Strand: American History
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2100320: United States History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2100360: Latin American History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2100380: Visions and Their Pursuits:An American Tradition-U.S.History to 1920 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2100390: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, the U.S. and the World from 1848 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018 (course terminated))
2100470: Visions & Their Pursuits:An AmerTrad-U.S. Hist to 1920 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2100480: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, U.S. and the World from 1848 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2100310: United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
7921025: Access United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2100315: United States History for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2015 and beyond (current))
2100362: Latin American Studies Honors (Specifically in versions: 2020 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SS.912.A.4.In.c: Identify consequences of the Spanish American War, such as ending the Spanish control over Cuba and gaining control of islands in the Caribbean and Pacific.
SS.912.A.4.Su.c: Recognize a consequence of the Spanish American War, such as ending the Spanish control over Cuba or gaining control of islands in the Caribbean and Pacific.
SS.912.A.4.Pa.c: Recognize the continuing growth over time of the United States.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Assessment

Quiz: Imperialism :

Test your knowledge of American imperialism and the Age of Empire with this 9-question multiple choice quiz!

Type: Assessment

Lesson Plans

Florida During the Spanish-American War of 1898: Structured Academic Debate on African-American Participation in the War:

In this activity, students examine examples of newspaper editorials arguing both sides of this debate along with documents describing Floridian attitudes toward black soldiers. Using this evidence, students will explore ideas about the meaning of black participation in the Spanish-American War

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Explosion of the Maine :

In this lesson, students analyze primary sources in an effort to answer the central historical question: What sank the Maine? The teacher introduces the concept of media sensationalism and shows a painting of the Maine's destruction and a propaganda song blaming the Spanish. Students then receive opposing newspaper accounts from Hearst's New York Herald and the New York Times; for each, they fill out a graphic organizer and/or guiding questions. A class discussion explores how the reporting of news influences readers' opinions. For homework, students explain--using textual evidence--which account they find more believable.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Philippine War Political Cartoons :

In this lesson, students analyze political cartoons in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why did the United States annex the Philippines after the Spanish-American War? The teacher first uses a timeline to review basic information about the war, then distributes Rudyard Kipling's poem "The White Man's Burden," which students analyze in pairs. Then, students are split into 6 groups and receive 2 different cartoons each: 1 from a pro-imperial magazine like Judge or Puck, and 1 from an anti-imperial magazine like Life or The World. Using a graphic organizer, students examine the cartoons and then present 1 of them to the class, explaining how the cartoonist makes his point. A final class discussion contextualizes the cartoons and the events of the late 1890s.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Soldiers in the Philippines:

In this lesson, students analyze primary sources in an effort to answer the central historical question: What accounted for American atrocities during the Philippine War? The teacher first uses a timeline to review basic information about the Philippine occupation and the 1902 Senate hearings regarding atrocities. Students then read numerous source documents from witness and participants in the war: the testimony of U.S. soldiers to the Senate, letters from soldiers to home, and a report from a Filipino soldier. Students use the sources and a graphic organizer to test 3 different hypotheses as to why soldiers were brutal. In a 1-page final response, students write about the hypothesis they find most convincing, using textual evidence. A final class discussion follows.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Spanish American War :

In this lesson, students analyze primary sources in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why did the U.S invade Cuba? The teacher streams a short film (link included) while students take notes as to possible reasons for the invasion. Students then read the following: 1) song lyrics of an anti-Spanish propaganda a song written after the Maine sinking, 2) a telegram sent by Fitzhugh Lee, U.S. Consul-General in Cuba, and 3) a Senate campaign speech from Albert Beveridge. For each, students complete a graphic organizer and guiding questions. A final class discussion goes back to the original class hypotheses and determines which ones are most supported by the evidence.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Imperialism and the Spanish-American War:

Learn about imperialism and understand the 4 major factors that drove Americans' imperial mindset in the late 1800s with this interactive tutorial. Then learn about the causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War and how the U.S.A. gained new territories as a result.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Territorial Behaviors:

Learn the history behind the different territories that belong to the United States, including those that have become states, like Alaska and Hawaii, and those that haven't, like Puerto Rico and American Samoa.  In this interactive tutorial you'll also learn about America's role in the construction of the Panama Canal and the Panama Canal Zone the U.S. controlled.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

U.S. History Overview: Reconstruction to the Great Depression:

Learn about key events in American history from the Reconstruction Era to the start of the Great Depression in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the Reconstruction Amendments, Jim Crow laws, the Coinage Act and the Panic of 1873, the Spanish-American War, World War I, and the 18th and 19th Amendments.

Type: Tutorial

Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders:

Learn how the future President Theodore Roosevelt rose to national fame by fighting fearlessly in the Spanish-American War with his all-volunteer cavalry division: The Rough Riders.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: William McKinley:

View a brief, funny video about our 25th president, William McKinley, commander-in-chief during the Spanish-American War!

Type: Tutorial

Original Student Tutorials Social Studies - U.S. History - Grades 9-12

Imperialism and the Spanish-American War:

Learn about imperialism and understand the 4 major factors that drove Americans' imperial mindset in the late 1800s with this interactive tutorial. Then learn about the causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War and how the U.S.A. gained new territories as a result.

Territorial Behaviors:

Learn the history behind the different territories that belong to the United States, including those that have become states, like Alaska and Hawaii, and those that haven't, like Puerto Rico and American Samoa.  In this interactive tutorial you'll also learn about America's role in the construction of the Panama Canal and the Panama Canal Zone the U.S. controlled.  

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Imperialism and the Spanish-American War:

Learn about imperialism and understand the 4 major factors that drove Americans' imperial mindset in the late 1800s with this interactive tutorial. Then learn about the causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War and how the U.S.A. gained new territories as a result.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Territorial Behaviors:

Learn the history behind the different territories that belong to the United States, including those that have become states, like Alaska and Hawaii, and those that haven't, like Puerto Rico and American Samoa.  In this interactive tutorial you'll also learn about America's role in the construction of the Panama Canal and the Panama Canal Zone the U.S. controlled.  

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Assessment

Quiz: Imperialism :

Test your knowledge of American imperialism and the Age of Empire with this 9-question multiple choice quiz!

Type: Assessment

Tutorials

U.S. History Overview: Reconstruction to the Great Depression:

Learn about key events in American history from the Reconstruction Era to the start of the Great Depression in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the Reconstruction Amendments, Jim Crow laws, the Coinage Act and the Panic of 1873, the Spanish-American War, World War I, and the 18th and 19th Amendments.

Type: Tutorial

Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders:

Learn how the future President Theodore Roosevelt rose to national fame by fighting fearlessly in the Spanish-American War with his all-volunteer cavalry division: The Rough Riders.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: William McKinley:

View a brief, funny video about our 25th president, William McKinley, commander-in-chief during the Spanish-American War!

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.