SS.912.A.2.4

Distinguish the freedoms guaranteed to African Americans and other groups with the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution.

Clarifications

Examples may include, but are not limited to, abolition of slavery, citizenship, suffrage, equal protection.

This benchmark is annually evaluated on the United States History End-of-Course Assessment. For more information on how this benchmark is evaluated view the United States History End-of-Course Assessment Test Item Specifications pages 19-21. Additional resources may be found on the FLDOE End-of-Course (EOC) Assessments webpage and the FLDOE Social Studies webpage.
General Information
Subject Area: Social Studies
Grade: 912
Strand: American History
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2100320: United States History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
2100340: African-American History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2100380: Visions and Their Pursuits:An American Tradition-U.S.History to 1920 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2100390: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, the U.S. and the World from 1848 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018 (course terminated))
2100470: Visions & Their Pursuits:An AmerTrad-U.S. Hist to 1920 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2100480: Visions and Countervisions: Europe, U.S. and the World from 1848 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
2104600: Multicultural Studies (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2106330: Civics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019 (course terminated))
2106340: Political Science (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2106350: Law Studies (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2106370: Comprehensive Law Studies (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2106375: Comprehensive Law Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2106380: Legal Systems and Concepts (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2106468: Constitutional Law Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2100310: United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7921025: Access United States History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2100315: United States History for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
2100335: African-American History (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
2100336: African-American History Honors (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SS.912.A.2.In.d: Identify freedoms guaranteed to African American males in the amendments to the Constitution, such as the abolition of slavery, the right to citizenship, and the right to vote.
SS.912.A.2.Su.d: Recognize freedoms guaranteed to African American males in the amendments to the Constitution, such as the abolition of slavery and the right to vote.
SS.912.A.2.Pa.d: Recognize that African American males have the right to vote.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Assessment

Quiz: Reconstruction:

Test your knowledge of the Reconstruction era with this 13-question multiple choice quiz!

Type: Assessment

Lesson Plans

The 15th Amendment—Intentions and Reality:

This resource is a lesson plan in which students analyze the 15th Amendment to the Constitution and then learn about the obstacles to actual voting rights that persisted in the post-Reconstruction South (black codes, poll taxes, lynching, etc.). It features a group-based assessment and a follow-up activity in which students create their own political cartoon.

Type: Lesson Plan

After Reconstruction: Problems of African Americans in the South:

In this lesson, students use the collection's Timeline of African American History, 1852-1925 to identify problems and issues facing African Americans immediately after Reconstruction. Working in small groups on assigned issues, students search the collection for documents that describe the problem and consider opposing points of view, and suggest a remedy for the problem. Students then present the results of their research in a simulated African American Congress, modeled on a congress documented in the collection's special presentation, Progress of a People.

Type: Lesson Plan

Reading Like a Historian: Reconstruction SAC:

In this lesson, students analyze primary source documents and engage in a Structured Academic Controversy in an effort to answer the central historical question: Were African Americans free during Reconstruction? After an introduction/review of the time period, students answer detailed guiding questions on 4 text documents and a set of photos illustrating the post-Civil War freedoms and restrictions which blacks faced. Students then divide into groups of 4 and into pairs within each group. Each pair presents the argument to the other that blacks were/were not free; only at the end do students abandon their previous positions, reach consensus in writing as a group, and defend that view in a final class discussion.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 2:

Learn about the era of Jim Crow segregation and the larger context within which it flourished, the Nadir of American race relations, in this interactive tutorial.

Check out  here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 1:

Learn about the era of Jim Crow segregation and the larger context within which it flourished, the Nadir of American race relations, in this interactive tutorial.

Check out The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 2 .

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 can be found .

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 can be found .

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Deconstructing Reconstruction:

Learn about the successes and failures of Reconstruction, one of the most controversial periods of American history, in this interactive tutorial. After the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and "Redeemer" resistance, this remarkably progressive period ended with the Election of 1876.

Check out our other tutorials about the Reconstruction era:

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Civil War's Legacy:

Learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and what its consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  In this interactive tutorial, you'll also learn about the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the war.   

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Text Resource

Supreme Court Landmark Case: The Slaughterhouse Cases (1873):

Learn more about the 1873 landmark Supreme Court decision known as The Slaughterhouse Cases. In this case, the Supreme Court defined the limits of the then-new Fourteenth Amendment and its guarantee of equal "privileges and immunities" to citizens.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

U.S. History Overview: Reconstruction to the Great Depression:

Learn about key events in American history from the Reconstruction Era to the start of the Great Depression in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the Reconstruction Amendments, Jim Crow laws, the Coinage Act and the Panic of 1873, the Spanish-American War, World War I, and the 18th and 19th Amendments.

Type: Tutorial

Origins of Jim Crow: Black Codes and Reconstruction:

Learn about the Black Codes and the era of Reconstruction in this video tutorial provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Origins of Jim Crow: 14th & 15th Amendments:

Learn about the 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution in this tutorial video about the American South after the Civil War. This short video is provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Origins of Jim Crow: Compromise of 1877 and Plessy v. Ferguson:

Learn about the origins of Jim Crow segregation in the American South after the Civil War, as well as the Compromise of 1877 and the Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 15th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features two historians reviewing the ratification of the 15th Amendment, which granted African American men the right to vote. The historians also explore ways in which the different Reconstruction Amendments were undermined and not fully realized for almost a century. Helpful graphics illustrate the content.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 14th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features two historians reviewing the ratification of the 14th Amendment, which greatly expanded the protection of civil rights to all Americans and granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves recently freed. Helpful graphics illustrate the content.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 13th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features 2 historians reviewing the early years of Reconstruction and the ratification of the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery in the United States. Helpful graphics illustrate the content. Enjoy!

Type: Tutorial

What is Freedom?:

Explore the era of Reconstruction and its aftermath in this webisode from PBS. Learn about the struggles of rebuilding the South and uniting the Union in the years that immediately followed the Civil War, and explore the rise of Jim Crow laws after Reconstruction was abandoned. This webisode provides primary source documents including photographs and excerpts from speeches, a timeline, glossary, and quizzes you can take to test your knowledge.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Ulysses S. Grant:

View a brief, funny video about our 18th President, Ulysses S. Grant, the former general who reunited North and South during Reconstruction!

Type: Tutorial

The Great Dissenter:

In this tutorial, you will view a brief video discussing a key Supreme Court decision. The video describes how in 1883, the Supreme Court struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875. The Court ruled that while the Fourteenth Amendment protected an individual's rights in places of public accommodation, it would not protect citizens from the discriminatory behavior of individuals. The video also explores how the case led to the Court's first great dissent, its first great dissenter--Justice John Marshall Harlan--and the end of Reconstruction.

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Reconstruction:

In this tutorial video, you will take a whirlwind journey through the period of Reconstruction in American History. As you may know, Reconstruction was a critical time in America of rebuilding and reinventing the South in the years after the Civil War. You'll learn about its successes and failures. Enjoy this "crash course" review!

Type: Tutorial

Yick Wo and the Equal Protection Clause:

In this tutorial, you'll view a video about the 1886 Supreme Court case Yick Wo v. Hopkins, which set important precedents for protecting the rights and equal protections of immigrants and citizens alike. Enjoy this quick journey through American history that examines how the 14th Amendment expanded rights of all Americans!

Type: Tutorial

Original Student Tutorials Social Studies - U.S. History - Grades 9-12

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 can be found .

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 can be found .

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Deconstructing Reconstruction:

Learn about the successes and failures of Reconstruction, one of the most controversial periods of American history, in this interactive tutorial. After the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and "Redeemer" resistance, this remarkably progressive period ended with the Election of 1876.

Check out our other tutorials about the Reconstruction era:

The Civil War's Legacy:

Learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and what its consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  In this interactive tutorial, you'll also learn about the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the war.   

The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 1:

Learn about the era of Jim Crow segregation and the larger context within which it flourished, the Nadir of American race relations, in this interactive tutorial.

Check out The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 2 .

The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 2:

Learn about the era of Jim Crow segregation and the larger context within which it flourished, the Nadir of American race relations, in this interactive tutorial.

Check out  here.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 2:

Learn about the era of Jim Crow segregation and the larger context within which it flourished, the Nadir of American race relations, in this interactive tutorial.

Check out  here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 1:

Learn about the era of Jim Crow segregation and the larger context within which it flourished, the Nadir of American race relations, in this interactive tutorial.

Check out The Era of Jim Crow and the Nadir of Race Relations: Part 2 .

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1 can be found .

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 1:

Learn what happened after the guns of the Civil War fell silent, the beginning of the Reconstruction era, in this 2-part interactive tutorial. You'll learn about Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Radical Republicans, and the impeachment of a president!

After the War: Reconstruction Begins, Part 2 can be found .

The related tutorial, Deconstructing Reconstruction can be found here.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Deconstructing Reconstruction:

Learn about the successes and failures of Reconstruction, one of the most controversial periods of American history, in this interactive tutorial. After the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and "Redeemer" resistance, this remarkably progressive period ended with the Election of 1876.

Check out our other tutorials about the Reconstruction era:

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Civil War's Legacy:

Learn how and why the Civil War came to an end, and what its consequences were for Americans in the North and South, as well as future generations.  In this interactive tutorial, you'll also learn about the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and how they form an important legacy of the war.   

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Assessment

Quiz: Reconstruction:

Test your knowledge of the Reconstruction era with this 13-question multiple choice quiz!

Type: Assessment

Text Resource

Supreme Court Landmark Case: The Slaughterhouse Cases (1873):

Learn more about the 1873 landmark Supreme Court decision known as The Slaughterhouse Cases. In this case, the Supreme Court defined the limits of the then-new Fourteenth Amendment and its guarantee of equal "privileges and immunities" to citizens.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

U.S. History Overview: Reconstruction to the Great Depression:

Learn about key events in American history from the Reconstruction Era to the start of the Great Depression in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy. The video touches on the Reconstruction Amendments, Jim Crow laws, the Coinage Act and the Panic of 1873, the Spanish-American War, World War I, and the 18th and 19th Amendments.

Type: Tutorial

Origins of Jim Crow: Black Codes and Reconstruction:

Learn about the Black Codes and the era of Reconstruction in this video tutorial provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Origins of Jim Crow: 14th & 15th Amendments:

Learn about the 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution in this tutorial video about the American South after the Civil War. This short video is provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Origins of Jim Crow: Compromise of 1877 and Plessy v. Ferguson:

Learn about the origins of Jim Crow segregation in the American South after the Civil War, as well as the Compromise of 1877 and the Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson in this tutorial video provided by Khan Academy.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 15th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features two historians reviewing the ratification of the 15th Amendment, which granted African American men the right to vote. The historians also explore ways in which the different Reconstruction Amendments were undermined and not fully realized for almost a century. Helpful graphics illustrate the content.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 14th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features two historians reviewing the ratification of the 14th Amendment, which greatly expanded the protection of civil rights to all Americans and granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves recently freed. Helpful graphics illustrate the content.

Type: Tutorial

Reconstruction and the 13th Amendment:

This short video provided by Khan Academy features 2 historians reviewing the early years of Reconstruction and the ratification of the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery in the United States. Helpful graphics illustrate the content. Enjoy!

Type: Tutorial

What is Freedom?:

Explore the era of Reconstruction and its aftermath in this webisode from PBS. Learn about the struggles of rebuilding the South and uniting the Union in the years that immediately followed the Civil War, and explore the rise of Jim Crow laws after Reconstruction was abandoned. This webisode provides primary source documents including photographs and excerpts from speeches, a timeline, glossary, and quizzes you can take to test your knowledge.

Type: Tutorial

60-Second Presidents: Ulysses S. Grant:

View a brief, funny video about our 18th President, Ulysses S. Grant, the former general who reunited North and South during Reconstruction!

Type: Tutorial

Crash Course U.S. History: Reconstruction:

In this tutorial video, you will take a whirlwind journey through the period of Reconstruction in American History. As you may know, Reconstruction was a critical time in America of rebuilding and reinventing the South in the years after the Civil War. You'll learn about its successes and failures. Enjoy this "crash course" review!

Type: Tutorial

Yick Wo and the Equal Protection Clause:

In this tutorial, you'll view a video about the 1886 Supreme Court case Yick Wo v. Hopkins, which set important precedents for protecting the rights and equal protections of immigrants and citizens alike. Enjoy this quick journey through American history that examines how the 14th Amendment expanded rights of all Americans!

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.