SC.912.L.14.27

Identify the functions of the major parts of the brain, including the meninges, medulla, pons, midbrain, hypothalamus, thalamus, cerebellum and cerebrum.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Standard: Organization and Development of Living Organisms -

A. Cells have characteristic structures and functions that make them distinctive.

B. Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, reproduction, and homeostasis.

C. Life can be organized in a functional and structural hierarchy ranging from cells to the biosphere.

D. Most multicellular organisms are composed of organ systems whose structures reflect their particular function.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
2000360: Anatomy and Physiology Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2000320: Biology 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))
2002430: Integrated Science 2 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 and beyond (current))

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Lesson Plans

Where in the Brain?:

This lesson is focused on specific parts of the brain and their functions. Students will be able to look at specific parts of the brain and provide an example of a behavior it controls.

Type: Lesson Plan

Journey into the Brain:

In this lesson, students view and discuss video segments from the PBS program The Human Spark as they learn about the human brain, including information about brain regions, brain activity and technologies used to explore the brain.

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorials

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 3: The Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Meninges:

Explore the cerebrum and the cerebellum--the seats of thoughts and emotions in the human brain. You'll also learn about their functions and how they are surrounded and protected by the meninges..

This interactive tutorial is part 3 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to open other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 2: The Hypothalamus and Thalamus:

Explore the hypothalamus and the thalamus, two regions in the center of the human brain that are among the areas responsible for constantly controlling mechanisms that we are hardly aware of, such as keeping our body temperature stable. 

This interactive tutorial is part 2 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to continue this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 1: The Brainstem:

Learn about the three components that make up the brainstem of the human brain, including their specific functions and how the brainstem relates to the brain and the rest of the body.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to continue this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Experts

Mapping the Brain using fMRI:

Using new methods in neuroimaging, personality traits can be mapped to distinct regions of the brain.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Birdsong Series: Statistical Analysis of Birdsong:

Wei Wu discusses his statistical contributions to the Birdsong project which help to quantify the differences in the changes of the zebra finch's song.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Birdsong Series: Mathematically Modeling Birdsong:

Richard Bertram discusses his mathematical modeling contribution to the Birdsong project that helps the progress of neuron and ion channel research.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Chronic Pain and the Brain:

Florida State researcher Jens Foell discusses the use of fMRI and statistics in chronic pain.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

The Brain and Behaviors:

Jens Foell discusses brain function as it relates to brain imaging technology such as fMRI.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

fMRI, Phantom Limb PainĀ and Statistical Noise:

Jens Foell discusses how statistical noise reduction is used in fMRI brain imaging to be able to determine which specifics parts of the brain are related to certain activities and how this relates to patients that suffer from phantom limb pain.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

PTSD: Correlation vs Causation:

Jens Foell discusses the link between correlation and causation in PTSD patients.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

The Criminal Brain and Correlation vs. Causation:

Florida State Researcher, Jens Foell, discusses the importance of understanding correlation versus causation when researching personality traits and criminal behavior.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Expert

Text Resources

Phrenology-History of a Science and Pseudoscience:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This article discusses phrenology, which is a pseudoscience that claims to be able to use bumps on human skulls to make inferences about personality traits. The article details why phrenology is not a true science, and reviews the history of phrenology, the role of phrenology in the debate about the organization of the brain, how phrenology came under scientific criticism, and modern iterations of the technique.

Type: Text Resource

The Real-Life Neuroscience Behind Zombies:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This text discusses the possible real-life brain disorders that could contribute to fictional zombie behavior. There is also a TED Talk video that explains these disorders further.

Type: Text Resource

Researchers Turn Brains Transparent By Sucking Out the Fat:

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area. This brief (659 word) illustrated article describes the accomplishment at Stanford University of a pair of researchers who rendered a mouse brain transparent by removing the fat molecules in the cell membranes.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorials

What Causes Zombies?:

This tutorial is designed to help secondary science teachers learn how to integrate literacy skills within their curriculum. This tutorial focuses on evaluating the reasoning and evidence of an argumentative claim. The focus on literacy across content areas is designed to help students independently build knowledge in different disciplines through reading and writing.

Type: Tutorial

What is a Stroke?:

Learn the conditions present in your brain that cause a stroke.

Type: Tutorial

Diagnosing Strokes by History and Physical Exam:

Learn how strokes are often diagnosed.

Type: Tutorial

Virtual Manipulative

Mapping the Brain:

This PBS virtual interaction allows students to map the brain using six different realistic virtual imaging techniques. Students are able to view color-coded regions of the brain and explanations of the functions of major brain parts are available as well.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades 9-12

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 1: The Brainstem:

Learn about the three components that make up the brainstem of the human brain, including their specific functions and how the brainstem relates to the brain and the rest of the body.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to continue this series.

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 2: The Hypothalamus and Thalamus:

Explore the hypothalamus and the thalamus, two regions in the center of the human brain that are among the areas responsible for constantly controlling mechanisms that we are hardly aware of, such as keeping our body temperature stable. 

This interactive tutorial is part 2 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to continue this series.

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 3: The Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Meninges:

Explore the cerebrum and the cerebellum--the seats of thoughts and emotions in the human brain. You'll also learn about their functions and how they are surrounded and protected by the meninges..

This interactive tutorial is part 3 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to open other tutorials in this series.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorials

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 3: The Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Meninges:

Explore the cerebrum and the cerebellum--the seats of thoughts and emotions in the human brain. You'll also learn about their functions and how they are surrounded and protected by the meninges..

This interactive tutorial is part 3 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to open other tutorials in this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 2: The Hypothalamus and Thalamus:

Explore the hypothalamus and the thalamus, two regions in the center of the human brain that are among the areas responsible for constantly controlling mechanisms that we are hardly aware of, such as keeping our body temperature stable. 

This interactive tutorial is part 2 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to continue this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Major Parts of the Human Brain Part 1: The Brainstem:

Learn about the three components that make up the brainstem of the human brain, including their specific functions and how the brainstem relates to the brain and the rest of the body.

This interactive tutorial is part 1 in a three-part series about the human brain. Click below to continue this series.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorials

What is a Stroke?:

Learn the conditions present in your brain that cause a stroke.

Type: Tutorial

Diagnosing Strokes by History and Physical Exam:

Learn how strokes are often diagnosed.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Virtual Manipulative

Mapping the Brain:

This PBS virtual interaction allows students to map the brain using six different realistic virtual imaging techniques. Students are able to view color-coded regions of the brain and explanations of the functions of major brain parts are available as well.

Type: Virtual Manipulative