SC.5.P.10.2

Investigate and explain that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change.
General Information
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Big Idea: Forms of Energy -

A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science.

B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes
Test Item Specifications
  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    SC.3.P.10.2 Recognize that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change.

    SC.4.P.10.2 Investigate and describe that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change.

    SC.4.P.10.4 Describe how moving water and air are sources of energy and can be used to move things.

  • Clarification :
    Students will explain that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change.

    Students will identify and/or describe examples where energy has caused motion or created changes.

    Students will describe and/or explain how water and/or air are sources of energy.
  • Content Limits :
    Items will not assess sound and chemical energy.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    Comparative words such as greater than, less than, faster, or slower should be used when describing motion.

    Scenarios will not use weathering and/or erosion as a context.
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.P.10.1, SC.K.P.12.1, SC.1.P.12.1 and SC.K.P.13.1, SC.1.P.13.1, and SC.2.P.13.1.
Sample Test Items (1)
  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Frank uses a bowling ball to demonstrate how energy can cause changes. Which of the following actions would NOT demonstrate a change caused by applying energy to the ball?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice

Related Courses

This benchmark is part of these courses.
5020060: Science - Grade Five (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7720060: Access Science Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
5020120: STEM Lab Grade 5 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Alternate version of this benchmark for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
SC.5.P.10.In.2: Identify ways energy can cause things to move or create changes.
SC.5.P.10.Su.2: Recognize that energy is required to cause motion.
SC.5.P.10.Pa.2: Initiate a change in the motion of an object.

Related Resources

Vetted resources educators can use to teach the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Formative Assessment

Bounce Back Ball:

Students will be working in teams of four to measure the rebound heights of a tennis ball dropped from four different heights. Students will be investigating with the bouncing balls to measure changes in the type of energy they possess.

Type: Formative Assessment

Lesson Plans

Electric Energy & Temperature:

This lesson introduces how electrical devices transform electrical energy to thermal energy to alter the temperature of a substance resulting in the freezing, melting, or boiling of the substance. Each electrical device produces thermal energy as a byproduct that is conducted from a source like an electrical socket or battery; this lesson discusses how that energy is transferred while also comparing and contrasting the states of matter of different substances. 

This is lesson 1 in a Unit on Detecting Thermal & Electrical Energy. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Marbelous Pool Noodle Ramps:

In this lesson, students will build a ramp out of a pool noodle and use it to launch a marble across the room. Students will investigate by adjusting the height and slope of the ramp and record their findings on a data sheet. Students will practice collecting and analyzing data and will investigate the importance of performing repeated experimental trials. Students will practice converting metric units of distance as well as the addition and division of decimals to find the mean of a small data set.

Type: Lesson Plan

Not that Hot Anymore:

The students will rank companies offering canopies to a school for their Physical Education field.

Type: Lesson Plan

Keeping Your Cool With Your Lunch Bag:

On this MEA activity, students will create a procedure to rank five lunch bags as to which one is the best in keeping food and drinks at a safe temperature and appealing to the taste, while keeping design and price on target.

Type: Lesson Plan

Solar Cooking:

This is a 5th grade MEA designed to have students compare different types of solar cookers based on temperature, cook time, dimensions, weight, and customer reviews.

Type: Lesson Plan

Soccer Team Uniform Decision:

Students will learn about energy from the sun and how it is transformed into heat energy. Students will use this information to decide on a manufacturing company to order team shirts from.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sammy's Solar Fountains:

In this MEA students are presented with start-up business that needs to buy solar batteries for their business. Students will form engineering teams to review battery choices. Students will understand that solar energy is transferred into electrical energy.

Type: Lesson Plan

Pop Goes the Balloon, a Rube Goldberg Design Project:

The students will work in small groups in order to build a "Rube Goldberg" machine. A "Rube Goldberg" machine is modeled after a famous cartoonist who tried to make more difficult ways to accomplish simple tasks, such as popping a balloon. The students will build one machine, made from many simple machines working together, to perform their task. The machine is only permitted to be touched at the beginning and must work independently from that point on.

Type: Lesson Plan

Shady Day MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. The Shady Day MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best beach umbrella for certain situations.

Type: Lesson Plan

Sail Away - An Engineering Design Challenge:

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts of forces from SC.5.P.13.1 and SC.5.P.13.2 as well as energy and its ability to cause motion from SC.5.P.10.1 and SC.5.P.10.2 by designing a boat and racing it. It may also be used as introductory instruction of the content.

Type: Lesson Plan

Transformation of Energy: Constructing an Electromagnet:

In this hands-on lesson, students will work in groups to construct an electromagnet.  This lesson focuses energy, forms of energy, and how energy is transformed in a circuit.  This lesson also can be used to address variables in an experiment, conductors and insulators, data tables and graphs, and open and closed circuits. 

Type: Lesson Plan

Original Student Tutorial

Energy and Motion:

Explore the connection between energy and motion.  Help Thomas the turtle win the race by using your knowledge of energy and work. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Waves:

When your classroom is the open ocean, which is the longest period? The one from the tsunami.

Related Resources:
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: GPS Data Set[.XLSX]
KROS Pacific Ocean Kayak Journey: Path Visualization for Google Earth[.KML]

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Resource Collection

Energy Kids:

This website provides information and resources for teachers seeking to make learning about energy fun and exciting for students. Renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy are well organized and supplemented with diagrams, maps, and graphs. Other sections include fun facts about energy, games & activities, history, and classroom activities. This resource was developed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Type: Resource Collection

Text Resource

Introduction to energy:

This document examines and introduces the learner to energy. The reading will define energy and discuss topics such as (1) Potential energy, (2) Kinetic energy, (3) Conservation of Energy, (4) Energy Efficiency, (5) Sources of Energy, (6) Measuring Energy, (7) Energy use, (8) Who uses energy?, and (9) Energy use and prices. The document also depicts illustrations of energy transformations, efficiency of power plants, U.S. energy consumption by source, and percentage of energy use by industrial, commercial, residential, and transportation sectors. This resource is structured as an informational handout to supplement energy activities or to generate discussion questions. A copy of the document can be found in the attachments section.

Type: Text Resource

Tutorial

Energy Story:

This site provides text explaining what energy is and how it works in our world. The site includes simple definitions of energy and interesting pictures that help students relate energy to their everyday world. To navigate through the site click the titles beside each chapter in the blue box on the left side of the homepage.

Type: Tutorial

Unit/Lesson Sequence

Electricity and Energy:

Students will learn about light energy including light waves with which the students will study shadows they make. They will also learn to relate certain forms of energy to real life scenarios by using illustrations. The students will learn how static electricity works and will even create some of their own in an experiment. They will also realize how light and heat energy are often involved in the same situations.

Type: Unit/Lesson Sequence

STEM Lessons - Model Eliciting Activity

Keeping Your Cool With Your Lunch Bag:

On this MEA activity, students will create a procedure to rank five lunch bags as to which one is the best in keeping food and drinks at a safe temperature and appealing to the taste, while keeping design and price on target.

Not that Hot Anymore:

The students will rank companies offering canopies to a school for their Physical Education field.

Sammy's Solar Fountains:

In this MEA students are presented with start-up business that needs to buy solar batteries for their business. Students will form engineering teams to review battery choices. Students will understand that solar energy is transferred into electrical energy.

Shady Day MEA:

This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 5th grade level. The Shady Day MEA provides students with an engineering problem in which they must work as a team to design a procedure to select the best beach umbrella for certain situations.

Soccer Team Uniform Decision:

Students will learn about energy from the sun and how it is transformed into heat energy. Students will use this information to decide on a manufacturing company to order team shirts from.

Solar Cooking:

This is a 5th grade MEA designed to have students compare different types of solar cookers based on temperature, cook time, dimensions, weight, and customer reviews.

Original Student Tutorials Science - Grades K-8

Energy and Motion:

Explore the connection between energy and motion.  Help Thomas the turtle win the race by using your knowledge of energy and work. 

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Energy and Motion:

Explore the connection between energy and motion.  Help Thomas the turtle win the race by using your knowledge of energy and work. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Tutorial

Energy Story:

This site provides text explaining what energy is and how it works in our world. The site includes simple definitions of energy and interesting pictures that help students relate energy to their everyday world. To navigate through the site click the titles beside each chapter in the blue box on the left side of the homepage.

Type: Tutorial

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this benchmark.